Special Report: MACC’s continued improvements in combatting corruption

MACC SPECIAL REPORT SERIES : #3

“FOR my organisation, I’m trying my best. There are a lot of changes. Our success rate is 85%, which is of course a great improvement from 64%. But fighting corruption is not one organisation’s duty alone.”

The above response was given by Tan Sri Abu Kassim Mohamed, the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) Chief Commissioner, when asked about the journey of the MACC since it was established in 2009.

special report series

special report series

By 2014, the MACC had surpassed international standards in combatting corruption by successfully completing 85% of its investigations within one year, which was also due to the implementation of more than 30 initiatives introduced under the Transformation Programme. The MACC had managed to complete 75% of its investigations within one year by 2012, and continue to improve on that today.

“Apart from that, the conviction rate of corruption cases have surpassed the eyes of other anti-corruption authorities including international bodies like the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA). MACC has also received requests from many countries to learn and have a first-hand look at the transformation process.

Apart from an improvement in the Corruption Perception Index (CPI), Malaysia’s ranking in the Global Competitiveness Report 2014-2015 has improved to 20th position out of 144 economies, the report also recognised that Malaysia has been “relatively successful at tackling corruption and red tape.” Malaysia was ranked at 24th position out of 148 countries in 2013. According to the report, released in September 2014, Malaysia, which introduced major transformation strategy since 2009, stands out as one of the few countries which has successfully tackled both corruption and red tape.

In 2008, in order to ensure transparency and independence in corruption investigations, the government formed the MACC to replace the Anti-Corruption Agency (ACA), by having a new anti-corruption law. The formation of the MACC also accompanied by establishment of five independent panels. MACC’s numerous achievements and successes in the last few years is proof that the Commission is heading in the right direction.

In sharing his view on the question how the MACC is different from the ACA in its effectiveness, Abu Kassim said that it was important to understand why the ACA was changed to the MACC. “We must look at the underlying reasons, then we will understand the whole process. The ACA was transformed into the MACC due to one reason: transparency,” he said.

“We have the same structure as the ICAC Hong Kong, but Hong Kong has better public support. I went there and looked at our performance and discovered we need the public to participate in our work. Also, we need to be transparent so the public understands how we work.”

He added, “Did we achieve the objective of moving from the ACA to the MACC? I can say yes, there are changes in public perception. We have five committees and their members are varied. We have a former Bar Council president, the Malaysian Human Right Commission’s former commissioners, professors, a former Transparency International president, and so on. But of course, there is still room for improvement.

“They look at our work and most importantly, come out with a report yearly. They ask if we are doing the right thing and progressing in our work,” Abu Kassim said further, adding that the MACC has always been independent and transparent, and adopted a professional approach in carrying out its investigations as empowered under the MACC Act.

All accused persons under investigation must go through the process where their statement must be made in a video interview in the video interview room (VIR) where all the movement will be recorded. This is crucial for many reasons, primarily because it reduces the opportunity for any allegations that might be otherwise made against MACC officers.

“After we have gone through the new process and implemented the VIR, the number of complaints has been reduced tremendously.

From January 2013 until today [2015], there were no complaints that MACC had used force or coerced people to get confessions,” Abu Kassim said.

This further increases the transparency and professionalism of the MACC’s investigative process, which ultimately increases public confidence in the Commission’s ability to effectively combat corruption. As Transparency International’s co-founder Michael Herschman stated, “Malaysia is doing the right things to improve conditions and secure its economic future, and we feel that the MACC’s efforts to address and fight corruption are sincere, genuine, and effective.

Malaysia has laid out a clear plan to fight corruption and ultimately transform the mindset of business and government in the country. Such sweeping change, of course, takes time, and progress can’t always be easily seen. However, the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission has recorded many improvements and there is evidence that the steps being taken are having a positive impact.

Implemented in 2011, the MACC Transformation Programme involved strengthening the anti-corruption enforcement agency’s operations strategies, effective management of human capital, and enhancing corruption prevention.

These measures serve to improve the MACC’s performance and effectiveness in its operations and consequently enhance public perception and confidence in that the MACC is independent, transparent and professional in carrying out its investigations.

The MACC has introduced more than 30 initiatives covering both operations and human capital and has now entered into its third stage, focusing on the implementation of the actions plans on prevention. The MACC human capital development programme involves upgrading the skills, knowledge, integrity, competencies, and technical expertise of its officers. It also involves updating its organisational structure. The human capital transformation targets to enhance the public confidence towards the MACC and transform the Commission into a high-performance organisation. The prevention transformation is implemented through six service lines comprising Task Force Based Inspection, Corruption Prevention in the Private Sector, Content Development, Political Engagement, Civil Society Engagement, and Media and Communication.

MACC TRANSFORMATION INITIATIVES:

  • MACC PEACE interviewing technique
  • Video Interviewing Room to record statements
  • Investigation Operation Room to improve investigation procedures
  • Team-based investigation method
  • Procedures for private sector investigation
  • Applying proactive investigation procedure
  • Complaints Management System
  • Forensic accounting division
  • Reviewing the standard operating procedures
  • Enhancing the qualifications and training of MACC officers
  • Enhancing security at MACC officesinternational standards set at 80%,” the Chief Commissioner added. “The MACC success rate in solving cases proves that the MACC Transformation Programme has begun to yield positive results.”
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Special Report: MACC Free to Conduct Probes

MACC SPECIAL REPORT SERIES : #2

Investigative agencies in Malaysia are free to conduct probes into any alleged wrongdoings without the consent of the country’s leaders, said the Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department Datuk Paul Low Seng Kuan.

special report series

special report series

He said agencies like the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC), the police or Bank Negara Malaysia should be independent bodies as enshrined in the Constitution. “If they were to investigate a crisis, they do not need the permission of the Prime Minister or anyone else.

“They are not instructed by the Prime Minister or Cabinet members. They will automatically carry out investigations themselves,” Paul Low said at the 16th International Anti-Corruption Conference (IACC) at the Putrajaya International Convention Centre on September 2, 2015. IACC ended on September 4.

He also said the public must wait for investigations to be concluded, as only then can those who are guilty of a crime, be prosecuted. “Integrity is not only about fighting bribery but also in ensuring that you do not falsely accuse anyone,” he said.

In his opening ceremony speech, Paul Low said that the MACC will be further empowered in combating graft and abuse of power as it will be given more bite. He added the country’s graft-fighting body would be strengthened by forming a separate service commission for the MACC. This, he said, would allow the commission to not only improve its capacity and staff professionalism, but allow it to better control the terms and conditions of their employment. The government, he said, was also committed to make the appointment and tenure of the Chief Commissioner more secure and to reflect the independence of the MACC.

The 16th edition of the IACC, themed, ‘Ending Impunity: People, Integrity, Action’, was organised jointly by the Government of Malaysia, MACC and the IACC consultative council, Transparency International and Transparency International Malaysia. More than 1,000 participants from over 130 countries attended the conference.

Under the National Key Results Area (NKRA) for Corruption, Malaysia had set for itself the target of achieving a Corruption Perception Index score of 70, from the current 52. Malaysia also aims to move up the ranks of countries surveyed, from the current 50, to be in the top 30 by 2020.

Paul Low told delegates at the conference that one of the hallmarks of a society with high integrity was the upholding of social justice, where the rights of the citizens are safeguarded and where wealth distribution is equitable and inclusive.

He also cautioned against an unhealthy relationship between politics and business as this would form a strong hindrance to reform towards a government that is more transparent and accountable.

Paul Low said the government recently launched the National Consultative Committee for Political Financing, which would act as a forum for the people to recommend best practices and the required legislation, regulations and institutional support.

The minister also called for a more extensive public engagement that would forge stronger collaboration with the relevant interest groups or non-government organisations at all levels of society. He said the responsibility of defending MACC shouldn’t just rest on the government or on his shoulders, but on society as well.

A similar assurance was also given by another Minister the Prime Minister’s Department, Senator Dato’ Sri Abdul Wahid Omar during his closing address of the 16th IACC. He said that MACC had always been operating independently and without fear or favour in executing its role as the nation’s premier graft-busting agency. Abdul Wahid said his objective and informed assessment was based on his personal experience when he was called in by the agency to give a statement in connection with a case when he was in the private sector.

“The MACC has never been one-sided or shown fear when carrying out investigations into cases of corruption,” said Dato’ Sri Abdul Wahid, who was appointed into the Cabinet in 2013. “This agency has the moxie to question any individual, no matter what his station is in society or how well connected he is,” he added.

As such, he said MACC should continue to receive the backing and support in its efforts in fighting graft. He reminded MACC that its focus should not be solely on those who receive bribes, but should also include the “enablers” of the act, those who give bribes.

“Corruption will stop automatically when the giving stops,” he said.

Meanwhile, President of the International Movement for a Just World (JUST), Dr Chandra Muzaffar said institutions that are standing up to impunity, even though faced with challenges, must be lauded.

In his speech on Ending Impunity: People, Integrity and Action, he said Malaysian institutions like the MACC, Bank Negara Malaysia, police and the Attorney-General’s Chambers have an unshakeable commitment to integrity and are prepared to be guided by their conscience and stand by their principles.

“They are willing to stand up and be counted during critical moments, as what is happening in our country today. In MACC, there are people in the police, people in the AG’s Chambers and people in Bank Negara who are prepared to stand up and be counted. This is the most significant development in our country today.

“These people, my friends, need to be applauded for what they do. They put their lives at risk, their families at risk but they are not giving up,” said Chandra.

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Special Report: “ACT without fear or favour.”

MACC SPECIAL REPORT SERIES : #1

This was the message from the Chief Commissioner of the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission, Tan Sri Abu Kassim Mohamed at the 16th International Anti-Corruption Conference at the Putrajaya International Convention Centre, recently.

special report series

special report series

In the special message read by Deputy Chief Commissioner (Prevention) Datuk Haji Mustafar Ali, Tan Sri Abu Kassim said he had always reminded MACC officers to carry out their duties without fear or favour. “I have always reminded MACC officers to act without fear or favour.

We do not practice impunity in our investigations. For that reason, the MACC officers are ready to make sacrifices in upholding public interest. We believe that to stop impunity, all institutions in the criminal justice system must act according to the merits of the case.

“As for the MACC, we must uphold the importance of independence in our investigations. For civil society and the public, they must be the protector and our conscience to defend the anti-corruption institution from any interference which will affect its independence. For the lawmakers, regardless of their political differences, they must be united in helping us to create a truly independent anticorruption institution.

“Last but not least, the prosecutors in Malaysia who play a role in taking charge of prosecution, shall be purely nonselective in executing their duty,” he read.

Mustafar added that the global fight to end graft requires firming up systems and procedures, and creating and promoting cultures that detest all forms of corruption, abuse of power and malpractice. He said central to this struggle was to have leadership by integrity, responsibility, accountability and transparency.

“Ending impunity is where we aspire to establish, restore, implement and execute the principles of integrity and governance,” said Mustafar. He said MACC had, in the past five years, made progress in being an independent, transparent and professional ‘MACC Will Defend the Interest of the Public’ anti-corruption agency. (MACC was formed in January 2009 to replace the Anti-Corruption Agency (ACA).)

“Much has been achieved but more needs to be done. The MACC is committed to continuously improving and strengthening itself as a renowned, world-class anticorruption agency,” he said.

Mustafar said IACC had developed into a conducive gathering which brings together anti-corruption activists, experts from government agencies, the private sector, civil society organisations and individuals from all over the globe. The aim is to share and expand on ground-breaking and cutting-edge initiatives in fighting corruption.

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JANJI PILIHAN RAYA BUKAN RASUAH

Oleh: Mohamad Tarmize bin Abdul Manaf

Manifesto atau janji yang dilaung-laungkan sepanjang pilihan raya berlangsung dibuat untuk mempengaruhi, mendorong individu atau pengikut supaya memberikan kepercayaan dan sokongan kepada si pembuat janji atau parti yang bertanding.

Kuala Lumpur, 24.02.2008, Para Penyokong yang hadir untuk memberi sokong kepada calon-calon mereka untuk kawasan Gombak. Gambar Oleh : Zunnur Al-Shafiq Nomination day... Supporters of the various political parties came out in full force at the nomination centre at SM Sungai Pusu in Gombak, Selangor. NST pix by Zunnur Al-Shafiq.

Janji-janji ini merupakan salah satu faktor penting yang menjadi kayu pengukur kepada pengundi untuk membuat keputusan.

Adakah manifesto atau janji pilihan raya yang dibuat oleh parti kerajaan atau pembangkang kepada pengundi-pengundi ditakrifkan sebagai rasuah dan menjadi kesalahan di bawah Akta Kesalahan-Kesalahan Pilihan Raya dan Akta Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia 2009?

Untuk menjawab soalan tersebut, keputusan kes Teoh Teik Huat lawan Lim Kean Siew & Anor tahun 1981 wajar direnungi. Kes ini berhubung kenyataan YB Tengku Razaleigh selaku Menteri Kewangan untuk memberikan peruntukan kewangan yang besar sekiranya BN menang bagi pilihan raya kawasan Pengkalan Kota. Dalam kes tersebut Hakim telah memutuskan bahawa janji-janji pilihan raya seperti itu tidak menjadi suatu kesalahan rasuah.

Antara intipati penghakiman dalam kes ini adalah seperti berikut:

The corrupt intention and corrupt inducement to the electors or voters to vote or refrain from voting must exist. The corrupt practice of bribery which is criminal offence by statue must be strictly proved beyond all reasonable doubt by clear and unequivocal evidence, and the inducement to vote or refrain from voting must be exercised upon one or more electors or voters who must be identified as the objects to whom it was made or addressed. There is no such specific or identifiable particularity in this case but only an allegation of an address to a faceless and amorphous crowd of somewhat unanalyzed fluidity of over 1,500 people said to have been largely compromised of electors or voters and people of the constituency.

Tengku Razaleigh was not himself the Barisan Nasional candidate in the election and there is no reason why he should pledge his personal fortune.

 “Moreover a promise of public action made by Tengku Razaleigh is in his capacity as a Minister in Charge of the country fiscal portfolio.”

Screen-Shot-2013-04-10-at-12.22.23-PM

Disimpulkan kepada penghakiman di atas, janji-janji politik yang dibuat oleh seseorang calon itu tidak diklasifikasikan sebagai rasuah atas fakta-fakta berikut:

  • Janji yang dibuat oleh YB Tengku Razaleigh dibuat atas kapasitinya sebagai Menteri yang bertanggungjawab dalam soal kewangan negara;
  • Majlis tersebut tidak hanya mengumpulkan pengundi dari kawasan yang dijanjikan pembangunan itu sahaja. Sebaliknya dihadiri ribuan penyokong termasuk penduduk tempatan, orang luar dan rakyat dari daerah- daerah yang lain;
  • YB Tengku Razaleigh bukan juga merupakan calon yang bertanding;
  • Kepentingan peruntukan yang diberikan adalah untuk rakyat keseluruhannya dan bukannya untuk kepentingan individu tertentu terutamanya pengundi;
  • Tiada unsur paksaan dalam mengundi mana-mana calon; dan
  • Peruntukan yang dijanjikan bukan wang peribadinya tetapi adalah peruntukan Kerajaan Pusat.

Diharap penjelasan dan fakta ini boleh menjadi panduan kepada semua pembaca. SPRM tidak pernah menyebelahi mana-mana parti politik dalam membanteras gejala rasuah. Siasatan SPRM berdasarkan peruntukan undang-undang yang ada. Sekiranya menemui bukti kukuh dalam siasatan terhadap mana-mana individu sama ada dari parti pemerintah atau pembangkang, individu tersebut tetap akan dibawa ke muka pengadilan.

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MENIPU SAKIT, SATU KESALAHAN RASUAH?

Oleh: Mohamad Tarmize bin Abdul Manaf

Salah satu kesalahan di bawah Akta Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia 2009 (Akta SPRM 2009) adalah mengemukakan dokumen tuntutan palsu. Seksyen 18 akta itu menyatakan bahawa menjadi satu kesalahan apabila mana-mana orang mengemukakan dokumen tuntutan (contohnya, pesanan kerajaan, resit dan invoice) yang mempunyai butiran palsu dengan niat untuk menipu prinsipalnya (pejabat/majikan).

Contoh kepada kesalahan ini adalah, seorang kontraktor menuntut bayaran bagi projek yang sebenarnya tidak dibuat atau belum siap. Contoh kedua, seorang pembekal membuat tuntutan bagi 20 kamera DSLR yang kononnya telah dibekalkan. Hakikatnya, beliau hanya membekalkan 20 kamera digital yang harganya jauh lebih rendah.

Selain daripada itu, tahukah anda bahawa mengemukakan sijil saksi atau MC boleh menjadi kesalahan rasuah? Ia merupakan kesalahan di bawah kategori mengemukakan tuntutan palsu.

cuti sakit palsu

cuti sakit palsu

Mungkin anda tertanya-tanya bagaimana ia boleh termasuk dalam kesalahan tersebut? Ada juga yang secara sinis berkata, “Adakah terdapat kes sebenar yang berlaku? Atau sekadar teori akademik?”

Untuk menjawab soalan-soalan tersebut, mari kita bersama-sama menghayati satu kes otoriti yang melibatkan sijil sakit palsu iaitu Nadimuthu v. Public prosecutor (1972) 1 LNS 96.

 

Dalam kes ini, Nadimuthu yang bekerja di Malayan Railways (nama lama bagi Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad) telah mengemukakan dua sijil sakit yang diperoleh daripada Lum Dispensary seperti berikut:

  1. Sijil sakit bertarikh 5 Ogos 1968 yang memberi beliau cuti sakit sebanyak sehari; dan
  2. Sijil sakit bertarikh 7 Ogos 1968 yang memberi beliau cuti sakit sebanyak sehari;

Dalam kedua-dua sijil sakit tersebut, beliau dikatakan telah diperiksa oleh Dr. Lum Weng Song (MBBS Hong Kong) yang mengesahkan beliau tidak sihat dan tidak berupaya (unfit) untuk menjalankan tugas pada tarikh berkenaan. Beliau diberikan cuti sakit yang melayakkan beliau menerima gaji penuh.

Kedua-dua sijil sakit berkenaan didapati tidak benar kerana beliau tidak sakit pada tarikh-tarikh berkenaan. Nadimuthu dituduh di mahkamah di bawah seksyen 4(c) Akta Pencegahan Rasuah 1961. Peruntukan lama ini bolehlah disamakan dengan seksyen 18 Akta SPRM 2009.

Akhirnya, mahkamah mendapati Nadimuthu bersalah dan didenda $25 bagi setiap pertuduhan. Gaji dua hari yang dibayar semasa beliau ‘cuti sakit’ dibayar balik kepada Malayan Railways. Alasannya beliau telah ponteng kerja tanpa alasan.

Nadimuthu merayu dengan alasan sijil sakit tidak termasuk dalam maksud dalam 4(c) Akta Pencegahan Rasuah 1961.

Hakim Mahkamah Tinggi, Y.A Hakim Abdul Hamid telah mengekalkan sabitan dengan alasan berikut:

  1. Dokumen sijil sakit termasuk dalam tafsiran ’other document’ seksyen 4(c) Akta Pencegahan Rasuah 1961.
  2. Apabila Nadimuthu tidak hadir kerja dengan mengemukakan dua sijil sakit tersebut, sijil tersebut melayakkan beliau diberi dua hari cuti bergaji penuh.
  3. Sijil tersebut juga melayakkan beliau dibayar dua hari gaji oleh Malayan Railways.
  4. Faktor itu menjadikan sijil sakit adalah dokumen yang mempunyai nilai kewangan.

Diharap kes ini dapat memberi iktibar kepada masyarakat agar tidak memandang mudah kepada cuti sakit. Doktor dan pegawai perubatan juga perlu berwaspada agar tidak terlibat sekiranya ada ’pesakit’ yang tidak sakit memohon MC daripada anda.

Akhir sekali, laporkan sebarang jenayah rasuah. Anda boleh lakukan perubahan, perangi rasuah.

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JKMR: Syor SIAP selia SPRM tidak wajar

SUKACITA saya sebagai Pengerusi Jawatankuasa Khas Mengenai Rasuah ingin memberi respons kepada Kenyataan Media bertarikh 28 November 2015 bertajuk, “EAIC Mahu SPRM di bawah seliaannya,” yang dibuat oleh Pengerusi Suruhanjaya Integriti Agensi Penguatkuasaan (SIAP), Datuk Yaacob Md. Sam.

sprm_11062013_tminazirsufari_001

Setelah membuat kajian teliti dan terperinci, berkenaan kedua-dua Akta iaitu: (i) Akta Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia 2009 (SPRM) (Akta 694); yang diwartakan pada 8 Januari 2009 dan (ii) Akta Suruhanjaya Integriti Agensi Penguatkuasaan 2009 (SIAP) (Akta 700) yang diwartakan pada 3 September 2009, saya dengan sesungguhnya berpendapat bahawa cadangan Pengerusi SIAP adalah tidak wajar dan tidak perlu dipertimbangkan, dengan sebab-sebab seperti berikut:

(a) Akta SPRM 2009 (Akta 694)

Mengikut Seksyen 1 Akta SPRM permulaan kuat kuasa pada 1 Januari 2009. Bagi keseluruhannya Akta ini menumpukan kepada fungsi-fungsi dan kebertanggungjawaban lebih fokus dan spesifik kepada gejala-gejala Jenayah Rasuah. Setelah 1 Januari 2009 SPRM adalah sebuah Suruhanjaya bebas, yang betul-betul bebas dan tidak terikat kepada mana-mana agensi lain. Ini adalah selaras dengan kehendak Artikel 36, United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC), yang mana menghendaki suatu entiti pencegahan rasuah bebas dilaksanakan selaras dengan Seksyen 14(5) Akta SPRM 2009; saya selaku Pengerusi Jawatankuasa Khas Mengenai Rasuah, dianggotai oleh tujuh orang yang dilantik oleh Yang di-Pertuan Agong, yang terdiri dari kalangan Ahli Dewan Negara dan Dewan Rakyat termasuk wakil-wakil Ahli Parti Pembangkang..

(i) Mengikut Akta SPRM 2009 juga, pada masa ini, selain JKMR, SPRM juga dipantau oleh empat lagi Panel Bebas, yang terdiri daripada tokoh-tokoh profesional seperti bekas-bekas Hakim, Peguam Akauntan, Pegawai-Pegawai Tinggi Kerajaan, tokoh akademik, dan NGO-NGO.

(ii) Akta SIAP 2009 (Akta 700) diwartakan pada 3 September 2009. Ini bermakna Akta SIAP (Akta 700) diluluskan oleh Parlimen selepas Akta SPRM 2009 (Akta 694). Dengan jelas didapati bahawa mengikut Seksyen 1(4) Akta SIAP (Akta 700) ini menyatakan bahawa “Akta ini hendaklah terpakai bagi Agensi Penguatkuasaan yang ditetapkan oleh Perdana Menteri dalam Jadual”. Seterusnya, dengan jelas juga Seksyen 1(5), menyatakan “walau apa pun subseksyen (4), Akta ini TIDAK TERPAKAI bagi SPRM (Akta 694).

Saya berpendapat bahawa dengan jelas bahawa Akta SIAP (Akta 700) ini mempunyai TUJUAN dan fungsi-fungsinya bertumpu khas kepada peruntukan-peruntukan yang termaktub dalam Akta tersebut sahaja dan tidak sekali-sekali patut dikaitkan dengan Akta SPRM 2009 (Akta 694).

Justeru, Jawatankuasa Khas Mengenai Rasuah berpendapat tidak perlu meletakkan SPRM di bawah seliaan SIAP.

Saya selaku Pengerusi JKMR, dan juga Pengerusi keempat-empat Panel Bebas yang ditubuhkan di bawah peruntukan Akta SPRM 2009 ini, tentu sekali sedia mendengar pandangan untuk tujuan memperbaiki lagi perjalanan SPRM, tetapi bukannya bertujuan meletakkan SPRM di bawah SIAP. Malah saya sendiri bersama-sama Ahli Jawatankuasa JKMR dan lain-lain pemimpin-pemimpin, jika perlu bersedia untuk memberi penjelasan atau taklimat kepada pemimpin-pemimpin dan pegawai-pegawai SIAP mengenai perjalanan dan kedudukan SPRM sejak tujuh tahun yang lalu.

YB SENATOR TAN SRI ABU ZAHAR UJANG
PENGERUSI
JAWATANKUASA KHAS MENGENAI RASUAH

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SJK (T) Ladang Rinching Perintis Program Wira Anti-Rasuah Sekolah Tamil Negeri Selangor

SEMENYIH, 30 September 2015 – SJK (T) Ladang Rinching telah terpilih sebagai sekolah Tamil pertama di Negeri Selangor bagi pelancaran program WAR ini.

WIRA ANTI RASUAH TAMIL

Wira Anti Rasuah merupakan satu program khas bagi golongan pelajar sekolah yang dirangka khusus untuk memberi kesedaran awal mengenai pencegahan rasuah dan kepentingan integriti di kalangan generasi muda.

Guru Besar SJK(T) Ladang Rinching, Semenyih Thanaseelan a/l N. Seethapathy mengalu-alukan pemilihan sekolah berkenaan sebagai perintis awal program WAR.

Katanya, memandangkan rasuah merupakan faktor pemangkin kepada jenayah, pendedahan awal pencegahan rasuah kepada murid sekolah rendah amat penting dan berguna.

Pengarah Bahagian Pendidikan Masyarakat SPRM, Dato’ Shamshun Baharin Mohd Jamil berkata program WAR yang diadakan kali ini merupakan yang pertama di Negeri Selangor dan yang kedua di Malaysia selepas di Pulau Pinang 25 Sept lalu.

Menurutnya usaha pencegahan rasuah melalui pendidikan ini perlu dilakukan di peringkat awal lagi.

Katanya berdasarkan kajian yang lalu didapati perlunya program kesedaran di peringkat awal pembelajaran supaya apabila tiba di peringkat Universiti lebih faham.

Bagi program WAR di peringkat sekolah rendah, murid-murid akan ditekankan kepada nilai-nilai murni .

“Kita tidak mahu apabila besar remaja terbabit dengan jenayah rasuah kerana ia merupakan satu fenomena yang membabitkan sosial masyarakat.

“Jika kita soroti sejarah, kebanyakkan kerajaan terdahulu jatuh akibat rasuah, oleh itu perlukan kesedaran dan pendidikan nilai-nilai murni disemai di kalangan murid sekolah hari ini,” katanya.

Menurutnya, usaha pendedahan awal kepada murid sekolah ini diharap dapat membentuk para pelajar dalam membudayakan nilai-nilai murni dan integriti selain meningkatkan kefahaman mereka terhadap rasuah dan fungsi SPRM.

“Kita berharap melalui program sebegini dapat membantu kita menyebarluaskan maklumat mengenai pencegahan rasuah.

“Ini kerana berdasarkan statistik, sejak tahun 2010, SPRM menerima sebanyak 51 maklumat berkaitan rasuah yang berlaku di sekolah dan daripada jumlah tersebut, lima maklumat membabitkan sekolah Tamil.

Seramai 170 murid dan tenaga pengajar daripada sekolah ini terlibat pada program satu hari ini yang turut dihadiri oleh wakil Pegawai Pendidikan Daerah dan Pegawai Kanan SPRM.

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MACC’S OVERSIGHT PANEL CHAIRMAN: MALAYSIA IS NOT FACING A CORRUPTION CRISIS

Tunku Abdul Aziz Tunku Ibrahim today said it was unfair and ridiculous for Transparency International President Jose Ugaz to say that Malaysia was facing a corruption crisis and a failed state.

“It is an unfair comment to make. Transparency International has been ill-advised,” said the Anti-Corruption Advisory Board Chariman.

Tunku Aziz Furious of TI Chairman Opening Speech for the 16th IACC (watch video here)

He refuted Ugaz’s statement, saying one unsolved case that had been “haunting Malaysia” does not prove that the country is in a crisis.

Ugaz, in his speech at the 16th International Anti-Corruption Conference (IACC) said Malaysia is facing a corruption crisis following the unanswered allegations of the RM2.6 billion “donation” which was allegedly transferred into Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak’s personal bank account.

“The speech made by the President of Transparency International (yesterday), where he repeated the charge that Malaysia is in a corruption crisis; I think that this statement is ill-advised; it was an ill-informed statement,” he said.

Tunku Aziz stressed that the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) was, and is still investigating the case, adding that it was important to let the authorities complete their investigations, according to the law.

“I understand the case involves a huge amount but a proper and thorough investigation needs to be done before action can be taken. Why can’t they wait until the investigation is completed?” he asked.

Tunku Aziz said Ugaz’s sweeping statement was totally unacceptable and demanded an explanantion.

“If (the Prime Minister Datuk Seri) Najib (Tun Razak) is guilty and if the law says he should be hanged, then go ahead and do that, but I want to emphasise here that we are governed by the rule of law in this country. That is the basis of our legal system and civilisation,” said Tunku Aziz, adding that we should not allow emotions to get into the way of justice.

Over the years, Tunku said MACC, under the Government Transformation Programme, had undergone tremendous changes.

This can be seen from the conviction rates of cases, as well as the resources that have been made available to MACC to bolster the commission’s performance.

“MACC in the current situation, is as independent as you can get. There are independent oversight panels that look into its performance.

“I hope this incident will not be repeated,” he added.

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Non-Violent Measures More Effective In Combating Corruption – NGO

PUTRAJAYA, Sept 2 (Bernama) -- Non-violent action is the most effective in combating corruption although it might take a longer time, 
said Vijay Anand, president of 5th Pillar, a non-governmental organisation (NGO) against corruption in India.
 
 He said any measure to prevent corruption by means of violence such as street protests would only bring harm to any country.
 
 "Whatever weapons we use, they (enemy) will use the same weapons. If you throw stones, you will get stones back, if you throw flowers, 
you will receive the same."
 
 Anand said this to reporters after presenting a paper titled, 'What is People Power and How Does it Impact Corruption and Impunity?' in 
conjunction with the 16th International Anti-Corruption Conference (IACC), here, today.
 
 Sharing the 5th Pillar experience during the presentation, Anand said it had introduced the 'Zero Rupee' note, a 'handy weapon' to 
fight corruption in India, especially among the authorities.
 
 The 'special' notes were printed with a message, "If Anyone Demands BRIBE, Give This NOTE and REPORT THE CASE."
 
 "Citizens need to be educated on the law, and procedures. By giving this note to any officer that wants a bribe, you don't even have 
to say a word," he said.
 
 Anand also said that some NGOs from countries such as Nepal and Macedonia, had voiced their interest in adopting a similar approach.
 
 -- BERNAMA

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Journalists Should Play Important Role In Uncovering Corruption Cases

PUTRAJAYA, Sept 2 (Bernama) -- Journalists should play an important role in uncovering corruption cases, said Transparency and Anti-Corruption Officer of Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights, Osama Diab.
 
 "Although journalists do not have executive power, their involvement can help raise public awareness on corruption,
 
 "Most of the revelation come in informal ways, led by researchers or investigative journalists," he told reporters when met at the 16th International Anti-Corruption Conference (IACC), here, today.
 
 He was earlier sharing his expertise during an IACC workshop session on 'Breaking Cycle of Impunity: Why Truth Telling and Accountability for Past Economic Crimes Matters'.
 
 Also present at the session were the chair of Transparency International (TI), Jose Ugaz and executive director of the African Centre for Open Governance (Kenya), Gladwell Otieno.
 
 Diab pointed out that in many prosecution cases, the work of a journalist was often used as a reference, and in Peru, media involvement was described as crucial in revealing the truth.
 
 The three-day biennial conference with some 1,000 participants from 130 countries started today at the Putrajaya International Convention Centre, here.
 
 -- BERNAMA
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