Posts Tagged rasuah
by : SylvesterLKC
I don’t know where and how to make a start for this topic today, but let’s make it the simple way – why still don’t understand how the commission works? Why keep asking about the Big Fishes?
In fact, there are a lot of cases, where certain people refers that as Big Fishes are still undergoing investigation, but simply because, it is STILL under investigation, details cannot be publicize. No suspect, no amount of bribery, not even a single word to the media. The cause and effect relation is heavy enough to bring down the moon (well, being exaggerated, but somehow true).
Now imagine, news leaked to the media, this time is about someone in the top management in government sector taking bribes – just assume that. Everyone now is discussing as the news, or rumors are all around, splash everywhere, on the TV, on the newspaper, on the radio, do you think, that someone will sit and wait for the MACC officers to come around and give the speech “You are now under arrest. You may remain silent but any spoken word can be a court statement”. Sound dramatic for you? Either way.
Does that make sense now? It’s just like when you’re fishing by the lake side but in the mean time you’re dancing around “Yay! I’m fishing!” Referring to the scenario above, that someone would have long gone away with the money, or bribe trophies or even destroy all the relevant evidences. This so called Big Fish might have taken away millions and millions of money! Now ATTENTION TAX PAYERS, that is YOUR MONEY! And because of the leak of news, MACC failed to arrest this people, yet, perceive as the MACC failed. Nobody will defend the commission. That someone is away relaxing and enjoying life with the money. Is that fair?
We don’t blame mass media, as that is the only place where the public are able to get the first-hand information. As for this moment, things had moved far beyond what people are seeing now. Some people said this, “Malaysians tend to forget”. That’s true. Now the topic has gone to the RCI, some moments later it will be another new topic. There will be endless gossips towards the commission, so why don’t people say something good about the commission? Comparing the percentage of people who watched the CSI or that certain kind of serial drama, how many of them would say that’s a bad show. How many percentages of those would that’s a good commission?
You see the facts here. I would say, I’d rather be blaming myself than blaming the commission. A good community must have a good basis, and that basis starts from ourselves, make yourself good, only then you can change the society.
by : SylvesterLKC
Few days ago I went to somewhere in Ampang for my medical check-up. After the check-up of course I went back. Just before the junction the traffic was quite heavy, and that was unusual. Seems like an operation by the authority. They stop some of the cars and some move on, unluckily I was being stopped. I wind down; asking the officer what is the matter.
“You’re not wearing your seat belt.”
”But my officers said that they saw you not wearing.”
”But I did”, I replied.
”So?” I added.
He silent for a while then letting me go.
They really wanted it so much? But why let me go? Either they were scared, or they don’t want it. Which one you think?
The point is, they want bribery, and they want money. But, most of the time they only target at those who offended the regulations. They are targeting at their mind, that if the offenders pay, they will escape from legal action. When it comes to certain situation, these who take bribery will stop their action of taking; scare being caught. They already know when and where to take.
There are certain times where authority goes on operation again. Obviously they want to take, but they will not ask for it, they waited for the offenders to give, or offer. I heard this from someone, this offender was caught speeding, and then he slipped a note of 50 to the window pane while the officer checked his license and ID. After returning them, the note is gone and the officer let him go with an advice, don’t repeat it again.
The point is, there is already a mutual understanding between the giver and the taker. A simple collaboration without speaking. This was thought to have no proving evidence, but from the related authority, they had found ways to prove.
This is the old way, but always the choice of takers. They are the people who stand high on the top, or almost; both governmental and private agencies. These people will give order to the subordinate to do the action, and this subordinate will order someone else to do the job, so and so. The chain could involve more than 10. So if anything happen, that taker will give some money to the middle one, as a form of compensation so he would give himself out. The chain breaks, the taker’s safe.
The point is, people wanted to take, but scare being caught at the same moment, so he made a chain. But indeed, chain doesn’t really help. If the authority or the officials have the willpower to investigate, fully enough to eradicate corruption, I am sure that no matter how high you stand, you will be taken down, too.
Think again before you give. Think again before you take.
Dipetik daripada : Pelan Haja Tuju GTP , Bab 7
Rasuah membebankan Malaysia dengan kos yang signifikan. Amalan rasuah adalah bercanggah dengan nilai-nilai moral, etika dan agama majoriti rakyat Malaysia. Ia menyebabkan kerumitan prosedur dan kewangan dalam kehidupan seharian rakyat selain menyumbang kepada ketidakseimbangan sosioekonomi dan menghakis sistem nilai negara Malaysia.
Menentang rasuah melibatkan pengurusan polariti antara golongan yang tidak berkuasa dan golongan yang mempunyai kuasa dan budi bicara dalam membuat keputusan.
Selain masalah sosial, rasuah juga merompak kekayaan dan sumber negara kita. PEMUDAH menganggarkan bahawa rasuah boleh menyebabkan kos sebanyak RM10 bilion setahun, atau 1-2% daripada KDNK, apabila keputusan perniagaan (contohnya pemberian kontrak, perolehan sumber manusia) dilakukan dengan tujuan yang salah.
Malah, penghakisan keyakinan terhadap institusi negara oleh orang ramai dan komuniti perniagaan telah sedikit sebanyak menyumbang kepadakejatuhan ketara kedudukan daya saing negara (GCI), daripada 21 negara yang paling berdaya saing di dunia tiga tahun yang lalu kepada kedudukan yang terkini, 24.
Atas sebab-sebab ini, membanteras rasuah sentiasa menjadi salah satu keutamaan kami. Akhir-akhir ini, kami telah mengambil langkah yang kami yakin adalah signifikan, termasuk mewujudkan Institut Integriti Malaysia pada tahun 2004 untuk mempermudah pelaksanaan Pelan Integriti Nasional dan menaik taraf Badan Pencegah Rasuah kepada Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia (SPRM) pada tahun 2009.
Kami juga menubuhkan sebuah pasukan petugas khas peringkat atasan yang diketuai oleh Ketua Setiausaha Negara (KSN) Tan Sri Mohd Sidek Hassan untuk mengkaji laporan Ketua Audit Negara 2008 dan mengambil tindakan terhadap mereka yang bertanggungjawab terhadap penyelewengan kewangan yang didedahkan oleh laporan itu.
Meskipun dengan usaha-usaha kerajaan itu, prestasi Malaysia telah jatuh merudum – kedudukan negara dalam Indeks Persepsi Rasuah, Transparency International (TICPI) yang berada pada kedudukan ke-23 pada tahun 1995 telah jatuh ke tangga ke-56 pada tahun 2009.
Tinjauan menunjukkan bahawa rakyat amat tidak berpuas hati dengan prestasi kerajaan dalam membanteras rasuah. Contohnya, 67% daripadawarga Malaysia yang ditinjau menerusi Kajian Global Corruption Barometer 2009 percaya bahawa tindakan kerajaan dalam usaha menentang rasuah adalah tidak berkesan.
Justeru, memandangkan isu yang mendesak ini dan juga apa yang telah dipelajari daripada usaha-usaha yang lepas, kami akan melaksanakan usaha melalui cara yang berbeza dalam usaha baru kami membanteras rasuah:
- Memiliki aspirasi yang boleh diukur, yang berdasarkan hasil dan ditanda aras mengikut standard antarabangsa
- Menumpukan pada usaha penambahbaikan terhadap tiga bidang yang paling mudah terdedah kepada rasuah – badan pengawalseliaan dan penguatkuasaan, perolehan kerajaan dan rasuah besar (rasuah politik)
- Menggunakan ukuran dan sasaran KPI yang telus untuk mendefinisikan kejayaan
|Oleh MOHD. AYOP ABD. RAZID|
SEPERTI najis dadah, rasuah juga musuh utama negara yang wajib diperangi. Dalam konteks ini, Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia (SPRM) mempunyai tanggungjawab yang cukup besar dan mencabar dalam memerangi rasuah di negara ini. Rasuah boleh berlaku di mana-mana sahaja, tidak kira dalam agensi kerajaan mahupun swasta. Rasuah ada pemberi dan penerimanya.
Ia tidak akan berlaku jika salah satu pihak menolak amalan yang menjijikkan itu. Kaedah memberi rasuah juga pelbagai dan semakin licik sifatnya. Justeru, ia bukan perkara yang mudah bagi SPRM untuk membendungnya.
Namun, dengan iltizam dan kekentalan semangat yang tinggi, SPRM bersedia mendepani segala cabaran dan rintangan untuk menjadikan Malaysia negara yang bebas dan bersih daripada gejala rasuah. Melalui aspirasi dan slogan SPRM 2010, iaitu ‘Bersama Lakukan Perubahan, Perangi Rasuah’ yang dilancarkan oleh Ketua Pesuruhjaya, Datuk Abu Kassim Mohamed sempena ulang tahun pertama penubuhannya pada 9 Mac lalu, ia telah meningkatkan kesedaran di kalangan penjawat awam dan masyarakat tentang kesan dan bahaya rasuah.
SPRM ditubuhkan melalui penggubalan Akta Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia 2009 dan mula beroperasi pada 1 Januari 2009 bagi menggantikan Badan Pencegah Rasuah (BPR). Pada 26 April lalu, Ketua Setiausaha Negara, Tan Sri Mohd Sidek Hassan telah merasmikan kempen ‘Hindar Menerima, Perangi Pemberi Rasuah’. Kempen itu bertujuan mencetuskan motivasi dan meningkatkan integriti penjawat awam dengan menolak amalan rasuah, di samping melakukan perubahan minda ke arah pencapaian agenda transformasi negara.
Seperti yang disebut Mohd Sidek, mesej dan matlamat kempen itu adalah mudah, iaitu penjawat awam tidak boleh dirasuah. Kempen itu juga bertujuan menyedarkan orang awam bahawa pemberi rasuah juga tidak terlepas daripada tindakan undang-undang. Dalam ucapan perasmian kempen tersebut, beliau menyebut bahawa pelaksanaan dan kejayaan kempen ini banyak bergantung kepada komitmen dan kerjasama semua ketua agensi.
Kesedaran yang tinggi di kalangan pegawai dan anggota perkhidmatan awam mengenai ‘najis’ dan jenayah rasuah akan menjadikan mereka lebih tegas dan berani menolak pujukan serta godaan pemberi rasuah. Peningkatan tahap integriti ini amat selari dengan komitmen kerajaan pimpinan Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak yang mahu mewujudkan sebuah pentadbiran yang ‘mendahulukan rakyat’ dan ‘mengutamakan pencapaian’ seperti yang terkandung dalam gagasan ‘1Malaysia’.
Justeru, usaha memerangi rasuah menjadi agenda utama pentadbiran beliau supaya aspirasi dan kehendak rakyat benar-benar menjadi kenyataan.
Ini terbukti apabila usaha membanteras rasuah turut dijadikan salah satu daripada enam Bidang Keberhasilan Utama Negara (NKRA) yang diberikan perhatian penting di bawah Program Transformasi Kerajaan (GTP). Warga perkhidmatan awam dikehendaki memberi fokus kepada penyampaian perkhidmatan yang efisien dan efektif dengan menampilkan nilai etika kerja dan tahap integriti yang tinggi.
GTP yang telah dilancarkan oleh Najib pada 28 Januari lalu bertujuan membawa perubahan perkhidmatan awam ke arah menyediakan perkhidmatan yang melangkaui jangkaan semua segmen rakyat dan pelanggan. Ini membuktikan bahawa gagasan ‘1Malaysia: Rakyat Didahulukan, Pencapaian Diutamakan’ adalah gagasan serius yang menuntut warga perkhidmatan awam melakukan transformasi minda, etika kerja dan kaedah penyampaian perkhidmatan bagi mendukung agenda dan aspirasi negara.
Sektor perkhidmatan awam hari ini lebih menjurus kepada memudah dan mempercepat urusan pelanggan, sama ada urusan orang ramai ataupun sektor swasta tanpa banyak proses dan prosedur serta kerenah birokrasi. Cara ini didapati berupaya membendung berleluasanya amalan rasuah dalam perkhidmatan yang diberikan. Penubuhan Pasukan Petugas Khas Pemudah Cara Perniagaan (Pemudah) telah berjaya membentuk kerjasama sektor awam dan sektor swasta. Melalui Pemudah, banyak proses dan prosedur lapuk dan menyukarkan telah dapat dihapuskan atau dikurangkan.
Hasilnya, tempoh masa kelulusan sesuatu permohonan itu dipendekkan apabila berurusan di jabatan dan agensi kerajaan. Keputusan perniagaan seperti pemberian kontrak, perolehan, dan sebagainya dapat dilakukan dengan lebih efisien tanpa melalui ‘jalan belakang’. Hakikatnya, banyak kemajuan sudah dirasai oleh mereka yang berurusan dengan sektor awam hari ini.
Misalnya, pendaftaran perniagaan boleh selesai dalam tempoh tiga hari, permohonan pasport selesai dalam tempoh dua jam dan pendaftaran hartanah dilakukan dalam tempoh dua hari.
Begitu juga dengan penggunaan MyID untuk semua urusan individu dengan pelbagai agensi kerajaan amat memudahkan kerana kita perlu mengingati satu nombor sahaja. Penggunaan MyCOID untuk semua urusan perniagaan telah menjadikan kerajaan lebih mesra perniagaan.
Kemudahan teknologi maklumat dan komunikasi (ICT) turut dimanfaatkan oleh kerajaan melalui talian dalam banyak urusan. Melalui Internet, pembayaran dan transaksi boleh dilaksanakan pada bila-bila masa dan di mana-mana. Kini, terdapat 1,277 perkhidmatan dalam talian di pelbagai agensi perkhidmatan awam bagi memudahkan urusan orang ramai menggunakannya.
Kesimpulan, pelbagai pembaharuan yang dilakukan dalam perkhidmatan awam itu mampu menutup ruang dan peluang berlakunya rasuah di kalangan penjawat awam. Rakyat kini semakin yakin dengan agensi kerajaan, terutamanya agensi pengawalseliaan dan penguatkuasaan. Melalui peningkatan integriti ini, maka hasrat kerajaan untuk mempertingkat daya saing negara di persada antarabangsa akan menjadi realiti.
oleh : Bernama
SUNGAI PETANI, 28 Dis — Pengarah Jabatan Bomba Pulau Pinang, Ahmad Izram Osman mengaku tidak bersalah di Mahkamah Sesyen di sini terhadap dua pertuduhan menerima rasuah berjumlah RM16,325 pada Februari tahun lepas.
Bagi pertuduhan pertama, Ahmad Izram, 44, dituduh menerima suapan RM3,000 iaitu sebahagian bayaran pendahuluan bagi pembelian kenderaan Toyota Vios nombor
pendaftaran PS52 daripada Hasmawi Ahmad dan pertuduhan kedua menerima RM13,325
sebagai baki bayaran pendahuluan kereta itu daripada Hasmawi.
Dia dituduh melakukan kedua-dua kesalahan itu di pejabat Telagamas Motors Sdn Bhd, Jalan Petaling, Taman Seri Petaling, Kulim, Kedah pada 17 Feb, 2009.
Suapan itu adalah sebagai upah untuk beliau kononnya mendapatkan kontrak kerja pembaikan dan penyelenggaraan pejabat tingkat 2 dan 3, Bahagian Penguatkuasaan Jabatan Bomba dan Penyelamat Pulau Pinang bernilai RM150,016 dan sebagai dorongan kerana membantu mendapatkan kontrak kerja pembaikan dan penyelenggaran bilik standby lelaki Ibu Pejabat jabatan itu di Pulau Pinang bernilai RM198,000 kepada syarikat Rohaya Gemilang Enterprise.
Bagi kedua-dua pertuduhan itu, dia didakwa mengikut Seksyen 17(a) Akta Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia 2009 yang memperuntukkan hukuman penjara maksimum 20 tahun dan denda lima kali ganda nilai suapan atau RM10,000 atau mana yang lebih tinggi, jika sabit kesalahan.
Ahmad Izram juga menghadapi pertuduhan pilihan iaitu menggunakan kedudukannya menerima untuk diri sendiri wang tunai berjumlah RM16,325 tanpa balasan daripada Hasmawi pada Februari 2009.
Wang itu adalah bayaran pendahuluan untuk pembelian kereta Toyota Vios tersebut.
Pertuduhan pilihan itu dibuat mengikut Seksyen 165, Kanun Keseksaan yang membawa hukuman penjara tidak lebih dua tahun, atau dengan denda atau kedua-duanya jika sabit kesalahan.
Hakim Rusita Md Lazim membenarkan tertuduh diikat jamin RM15,000 dengan seorang penjamin dan menetapkan 26 Jan depan sebagai tarikh sebutan semula kes itu.
Ahmad Izram diwakili peguam H. T. Saw manakala pendakwaan dikendalikan pegawai pendakwa dari Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia (SPRM) Janariah Abdul Mutalib. — Bernama
by Saiful Nang on Thursday, July 23, 2009 at 12:08pm
For the sake of the money I earn must come from a clean sources in order for me to get a good life, good wife, good kids and respected by many i firmly say NO TO CORRUPTION. Why this time, I interested to talk about this topic?
Llast week, i fought with a “royal officer” just for me to get my payment in full since he plan to deduct it 1/3 of the amount (Say the amount is RM45,000, then he wanted RM15,000 out of it) for his pocket. Do you call this corruption?
Not yet. I would say…this is just an overshot token requested by someone who already got paid for all the job he did on his own capacity.
Once he kept on saying “Bagi jer bro…akan datang yang lain-lain aku akan tolong pastikan ko akan dapat job ni”.
I’ve been informed that the Princess requested myself personally to take picture, not because I’ve been recommended by this man. So, it shouldn’t happen that way. And that’s what I call corruption. I’ll pay him 15k just for the sake of getting more in the future. I’m not that type of people. Why? you may think, the king is rich what…just quote sahaja lah…but….
This is my stand. If I quoted (the figure just an example) RM45,000 for the whole assignment, which mean I’m delivering RM45,000 VALUES. But if he asked RM15,000 and I only get RM30,000 value. Which mean…I just be so unfair to myself, my staff, my company, and the orphan house we have. Someone advised me to tell him…next time cakap awal-awal lah boleh mark-up the quotation. And this is my stand…if I quote the Princess RM45,000 and I know that I will only get RM30,000 then it’s unfair for me to give RM45,000 values to customer. Even worst…if i just go with it…it’s unfair for the princess who will pay RM30k value for RM45k price. It doesn’t matter they are rich or poor. That was corruption!
Before that, let me tell you about how I refused to take a delicious offer of a job at almost RM80k in a GLC and what I have to do is just to mark-up my quotation for another 20k for the person who will approve the contract. I rather be poor and happy instead of rich and live in trouble. My firm stand on corruption was the strength for me to let go that big chunk of money.
I enjoy a good sleep every night and not to afraid about the petrol car, SPRM come to my house and arrest me to the lock-up due to corruption.
Back to the Princess (Her Royal Highness / HRH) story, I shoot her son birthday party (Prince) and for that particular assignment, I have to be in that place for 3 days. Co-incidentally it happened at the time I should be on my way home from Frankfurt with my family. I feel thankful to HRH, since she was one of my earliest supporter that valued my skill and hired me. She contributed quite a lot to the revenue during my early days and that money has been used to open my gallery now. With that request, I’m eagerly want to accept it. Then I called my travel agent to differ my flight back ticket to 2 days earlier. Which mean, I’ll be home 2 days earlier than the original plan. In the other hand, I lost on 2 nights stay hotel in Frankfurt. And it’s not a big deal for me. Most important, I’m oblige to attend and shoot for the birhday. Quotation has been sent and agreed..Alhamdulillah.
The officer called all the way to Rotternburg, Germany when I was caravaning with my family. He told me this…
“Saiful, nama ko dah takde dah dalam senarai petugas / vendor utk Prince W birthday, tapi aku dah adjust semula now mana ko ada balik dalam senarai…”.
He may want to tell me that I’m suppose to be thankful to him for fighting on behalf of me. Tapi takpe lah, I took it positively. I’m not sure the real situation when he said HRH “maybe” not interested with you anymore. I was a bit sad but nothing much I can do if the cancellation really happen.
My contract agreed was for 3 days. He flew me to the venue only at night while I supposed to be there in the morning. I can’t do anything since I can’t buy my own ticket due to the arrangement on the other side. As a professional, you consider that as the “holding period”. Commitment is started already from the morning even-though I only flew there at night. Later, he use this as the reason to get discount (which is not actually discount, but money for his pocket).
To cut it short…all the ding-dong selama hampir 2 bulan tu hampir nak berakhir bila i collected the paycheck near his (let’s call him Ringgo lah, nampak macam gangster sikit…but not the real name lah)office in Shah Alam. Yess…finally! 2 hours later, Ringgo called me. He stopped the check just with 1 stupid reason, tersalah bagi check yang dah di cancel.After all these ding-dongs then I decided to bypass him and call HRH’s Personal Assistant (which Ringgo never knew I have a direct contact to HRH’s PA) to follow-up about the payment (that actually has been paid in the very next day of event by HRH but it has been passed through this corrupted officer). PA called Ringgo for clarification. Ringgo rang me then. He shouted macam orang mati bini and this time he told me that I’m greedy and curse me with many things. And this time, he stated that RM15,000 requested was for discount for HRH (pulakkk…dah tahu PA dah tahu cerita, mula tukar plot dari token jadi discount). But…I doubt about it and that was the only time he mentioned it as discount (not his token).
Ringgo is not stupid. He’s very smart. He reserved his words on the phone or SMS that can be recorded as evidence. In the other side, I’m not dumb as well. I managed to collect a few conversations that he mentioned about all these. Not so many, but it’s enough to show the whole story.
Well, the story is actually muuuchhhhhh longer than this. Not to mentioned the delay of the payment because of HRH give a bounce check and few others lah. But I can’t type it anymore. Why I should write this in my blog? Because I know Ringgo is very close and trusted by the HRH and I’m just like nobody. Ringgo threaten me that there’ll be no more job for me related to HRH and I’m sure, to do that, she’ll explain a lot of things not right and maybe or maybe not HRH will buy his words (I believe HRH is really smart on this thing). As for me, I have my readers to read and I know, HRH is reading it too.
I love to work with them again…but not going through a middle man. Probably HRH – PA – SN. Instead of adding someone corrupted. I’m a bit sad because I worked together with Ringgo since my very first day working with HRH. This is the ONLY TIME…he challenged my principle & my stand against corruption.
I don’t mind if I lose the job, as long as the rezeki I earned is blessed by god and I can live happily with my family. The truth will finally revealed
My little Orked. How do I tune her to be a good people with dirty money? That’s why I’m 100% go against corruption at anytime, anywhere, any amount and in whatever form it came.
By NURBAITI HAMDAN
KUALA LUMPUR: Former Immigration deputy director-general Yusof Abu Bakar has been jailed a total of 56 years and fined a total of RM620,000 by a Sessions Court.
Judge Abu Bakar Katar, however, ordered the sentences on 14 bribery charges to run concurrently. Thus, Yusof will be required to serve only six years. The judge allowed an application by Yusof’s counsel for a stay pending appeal to the High Court.
Last Thursday, Yusof was found guilty of the charges involving RM121,500 over the approval of visit passes of Chinese nationals two years ago. He allegedly received the money from a sales manager between March 21 and June 25, 2008.
The offences were committed at his office in Putrajaya, at a hotel in Jalan Bukit Bintang and at the Caltex petrol station in Jalan Pudu. All the charges were under Section 11 (a) of the Anti-Corruption Act 1997 and punishable under Section 16 of the same act.
Abu Bakar had imposed the lowest jail term at two years and the highest at six years and the lowest fine at RM10,000 and the highest at RM92,000 for the 14 charges.
Earlier, Deputy Public Prosecutor Mohd Sophian Zakaria of the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) objected to the application for a stay of execution, saying the defence had failed to show any special circumstances in the oral application.
Encouraging results by Transparency International’s Global Corruption Barometer (GCB) 2010 show that the public appreciates the anti-graft measures taken by the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) to stem corruption. Out of the 1,008 Malaysians who took part in anti-graft watchdog Transparency International (TI) survey, 35 percent believe that bribery will decrease next year while 27 percent think that it will increase.
48 percent of the respondent opined that government efforts to reduce corruption are effective in combating the criminal act and this is a vast improvement as compared to last year’s score of 28 percent (see table). Evidently, members of the public are now more aware and appreciative of the hard work that the government and anti-corruption institutions have put in to ensure that the country is free from all forms of corruption.
Perception towards government’s actions in fighting corruption.
In addition, due to a slew of government initiatives to address corruption, people are having more faith in the government delivery system. Some of the measures adopted by the government include:
- Integrity as a National Key Result Area (NKRA), with a Key Productivity Index (KPI) suggesting the improvement of the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) score from 4.5 to 4.9. This is a daring move on the government’s part to set higher goals for its progress.
- Formation of the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) with more powers and autonomy and review by independent panels – Anti-Corruption Advisory Board, Special Committee on Corruption, Complaints Committee, Operation Review Panel and Corruption Consultation and Prevention Panel.
- The Whistleblower Protection Act which will come into force on 15 December 2010, to protect whistleblowers
- Integrity Pacts (IP) being implemented in government procurement (Treasury directive dated 1 April 2010)
- Government guidelines on “Support Letters” (8 March 2010): verbal and written support letters must be filed and reported, support letters cannot be a factor in decision making, and reports are to be made to the department or relevant agencies eg MACC
- MyProcurement website (1 April 2010) – list of awarded tenders
- Formation of 18 special corruption courts and amendments to the Criminal Procedure Code to expedite corruption trials currently in progress
- “Name and Shame” in the Convicted Corruption Offenders Database on MACC’s website, with convicted offenders’ details, charge and sentence imposed and photographs
- Establishment of Compliance Units in key enforcement agencies – Royal Malaysian Police, Road Transport Department, Royal Malaysian Customs Department, Immigration Department of Malaysia
Recently, MACC spearheaded the initiative to engage the business sector in fighting corruption where the various Chambers of Commerce as well as the Federation of Malaysian Manufacturers signed a pledge to fight corruption.
It is hoped that the private sector will effectively implement anti-corruption policies to enhance transparency in all areas of the business sector to gain public confidence as well as investors’ trust.
MACC’s war against bribe-givers is clearly bearing fruits as only 9 percent of the overall GCB respondents paid bribes in the last 12 months. However, neighbouring country Singapore also recorded a total of 9 percent respondents admitting to paying bribes even though they are supposedly a “strictly clean country” while Hong Kong chalk up 5 percent even though they are among the top on the Corruption Perception Index.
The latest GCB results clearly show that effective and vigorous enforcement of existing laws and policies, apart from education and prevention campaign by MACC and NKRA, has resulted in the improvement of perception among the people. For the survey, the interview was done face-to-face since July, 2010.
Pengumuman Transparency International Malaysia berhubung hasil kajian Global Corruption Barometer (GCB) bagi tahun 2010 menunjukkan perkembangan yang amat positif mengenai tahap keyakinan masyarakat terhadap usaha-usaha pencegahan rasuah yang dilaksanakan Kerajaan sepanjang tahun ini.
Persepsi positif dan keyakinan masyarakat Malaysia melonjak sebanyak 48% berbanding hanya 28% dalam 2009. Peningkatan berganda ini menjelaskan bahawa dasar, program dan usaha-usaha yang dilaksanakan oleh SPRM khasnya dan Kerajaan amnya mendapat sokongan serta telah mengembalikan keyakinan masyarakat. Ini sekaligus melebihi sasaran yang ditetapkan dalam KPI iaitu hanya sekitar 38% berbanding pencapaian sebanyak 48%.
Berbanding 2009, hampir 67 peratus masyarakat menganggap usaha-usaha pencegahan rasuah yang dilaksanakan Kerajaan tidak efektif dan tidak berkesan. Bagi tahun 2010 ini, terdapat penurunan yang amat jelas dengan hanya 20% yang masih beranggapan sedemikian.
Menurut Dato’ Paul Low, President Transperency International, perkembangan positif ini amat memberangsangkan. Baginya, “the positive perception of the government’s actions in fighting corruption has jumped. This is a drastic turnabout from the previous years.”
Antara dasar dan program yang berjaya meningkatkan keyakinan dan persepsi positif masyarakat terhadap usaha pencegahan rasuah di negara ini termasuklah:
- Pengenalan Bidang Keberhasilan Utama Negara (NKRA) berhubung rasuah;
- Penaiktarafan BPR kepada Suruhanjaya dengan kuasa yang lebih menyeluruh;
- Akta Perlindungan Saksi yang akan berkuatkuasa pada 15 Disember 2010;
- Integrity Pact dalam Sistem Perolehan Kerajaan;
- Garispanduan berhubung surat sokongan;
- Myprocurement website;
- Kewujudan 18 mahkamah khas membicarakan kes-kes rasuah;
- Name & Shame dalam laman portal SPRM;
- Kewujudan Unit Pematuhan di beberapa agensi penguatkuasaan.
Global Corruption Barometer (GCB) merupakan salah satu kajian yang dijalankan serentak oleh Transperency International di 86 buah negara dan melibatkan 91,781 responden. Berbanding kajian Corruption Perception Index (CPI), GCB lebih kepada kajian mengenai pengalaman, pandangan dan persepsi masyarakat tempatan berhubung tahap rasuah di negara masing-masing. Manakala CPI menjurus kepada pengalaman, pandangan dan persepsi masyarakat pelabur luar negara terhadap sesebuah negara.
Dalam konteks Malaysia, seramai 1,000 responden terlibat dalam kajian ini iaitu 57 peratus penduduk bandar dan 44 peratus penduduk luar bandar. Secara keseluruhannya, tahap rasuah di Malaysia masih di peringkat terkawal dan tidak membimbangkan iaitu dengan skor 5/10.
Despite many political propaganda and event happening, the big story getting the peoples’ attention has to be the corruption charges against Dato Seri Dr Khir Toyo for properties fraud. Read our yesterday posting here.
Immediately the opposition propaganda machine is on full blast to negate it as only a whitewash. Malaysia Waves aka Rahman Celcom described it as play acting. Faekah Husin, the most talkative political secretary said the same. So does Nik Nazmi.
PAS Vice President, Salahuddin Ayub was reported in Harakah claiming the case will disappear in the same manner Mr Clean Tun Abdullah arrested Eric Chia dan Kasitah Gadam, but many high profile cases are dropped during elections.
Harakah gave a catchy headline “Khir Toyo hanya 1% dari kes jerung.” Anwar posted that report on his blog here. It did not completely consider all the factors and issues, but it is fair comment for an opposition.
The thing is while women can fake it to make the partner (or in some weird cases, the audience) feel good and masculinely accomplished, not the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC).
The opposition can spin and create all the doubts to gain political ground. The fact is, and Salahuddin who a member of the MACC Special Committee on Corruption, knows it that there is no way for MACC to fake an orgasm to make others feel good.
Since Parliament passed the new Anti Corruption Commission Act 2008, the former National Bureau of Investigation (or the Malay acronym BPN or before that BPR) cease and is replaced by MACC begining on January 1st 2009.
MACC is modeled after the successful Hong Hong’s ICAC model. With it’s new structure as a Commission, MACC is answerable to the public via Parliament.
It is structured under the Prime Minister’s Department for financial and manpower administration BUT not the operation. The current Minister in charge is Dato Nazri Aziz.
Yes, yes … I know, I know you wanna hear about the 3 or 4,000 taxi permits. Do hear me out. You sure like to know when MACC can’t get any orgasm.
Not even, when it doesn’t make sense to charge Dato Mirza of Tourism Ministry the second time after he was acquited in the first time and it is a major embarassment to lose again. The process has to take place.
In the past, BPR and BPN is responsible and answerable to the respective Minister. It allows room for doubts. This time around as a Commission, they have to answer to the people.
Commitees and Panels
The policies, operations and reports of MACC have to undergo five tough and scrutinising panels or committees with representatives from Parliament and public. They consist of 42 respected individuals with the integrity and capability to monitor and ensure MACC do their job free, transparently and professionally.
The members include former Lord Presidents, former judges, former Goverment Chief Auditor, corporate personalities, NGOs, lawyers, former Government civil servants, academics, and professionals.
No Ministers are involved!
Before one claim they are Government appointees and will suck up to Government, few notables are worth mentioning.
Tan Sri Robert Tan is a member of the Consultation and Corruption Prevention Panel who has been raising issues publicly on Anwar’s black eye, Tan Sri Tajuddin Ramli’s alleged debacle in MAS, and other issues played up well by Malaysia Today.
There is Tan Sri Ramon Navaratnam there also, and he has been very vocal lately. He is former President of Transparency International.
Their panel deal with preventive measures.
There is the Anti-Corruption Advisory Board whose role is to advise the Commission on any aspect of the corruption problem in Malaysia and on policies and strategies.
The Board scrutinize and endorse proposals and resources requirement from the Commission towards the efficient and effective running of the Commission.
It scrutinize and submit along comments on the Annual Report of the Commission which is to be submitted to the Special Committee on Corruption.
The Special Committee involved three BN representative, one from PKR, one from PAS and one from DAP. No issue of a side dominating. Their role is advise the Prime Minister on any aspect of the corruption problem in Malaysia.
It is done by scrutinising the submitted Annual Report and the attached comments from the Advisory Board. The Annual Report and comments are publicly available. Last year’s report is the one in orange in the above picture.
Check on Salahuddin Ayub, if he had raised what he said in Harakah in the Special Committee meeting.
There is a Complaint Committee headed by former Court of Appeal judge, Dato Mohd Nor Abdullah to address non criminal complaint from the public against MACC employees and make recommendation if it relates to weakness in procedures.
The members are two former high Government officials and two notable lawyers.
In this regard, MACC does not have the options to select what and who to investigate because they have to investigate all complaints. All is tabled to the committee and progress is monitored. There is a 2 weeks to 6 months deadline to complete investigation.
The Operation Review Panel is established to ensure transparency and responsibility in all investigations done by MACC.
The progress of all investigation is monitored closely. For cases exceeding 12 months investigation, MACC have to submit to the panel to explain the delay. No investigation can be stopped without the panel scrutiny and approval.
When there is case, MACC has to submit to the case to the prosecutor, be it Dato Mirza or not. In fact, there is a pending case of a subordinate investigating officer suing his superior for not pushing his investigated file for prosecution.
There is all together 8 term of references for this panel.
The panel is headed by a former Government Chief Auditor, Tan Sri Datuk Hadenan Abdul Jalil. Presidents of Malaysian Institute of Accountant and Institute of Internal Auditors are represented. There is an expert in forensic accounting, Prof Dr Syed Noh bin Syed Ahmad from UiTM.
There is one member of an opposition party in there this blogger know off. No crap there. He will leak it if there is hanky panky.
And no question of an opportunist member dominating there.
Look up the MACC official website here for more details.
Investigators, Prosecutors, and Judges
MACC has extraordinary powers and is independent. They can and have in the past called in Ministers, Menteri Besar, and even Prime Minister for investigation.
However, MACC has no prosecuting power. That is left to Attorney General office and they have an office for corruption cases within reach of the MACC premises.
This can be a source of stumbling block and turn-off for MACC from the orgasmic sensation of seeing their investigation ends with a conviction.
However, the practise to separate these two roles is essential and justifiable. The one doing investigation should not be the one prosecuting. Too much power will be vested with MACC. There is also the issue of objectivity in the legal interpretation.
That is something to improve on the part of MACC. They desperately need more manpower and trained personnel.
The current workforce of 2,500 is not sufficient when considering Government servants is 1.2 million. That is a ratio of 1:480 and the bigger private sector is not taken into account.
Another comparison, there is 100,000 police force.
Aside from the occasional differences with AG office which has vastly improved since, there is the issue with the judges.
Judges are not accepting sworn statements as evidences. This made life difficult for MACC and 50% of cases with witness sworn statements get thrown out.
The reason being almost all corruption involves hostile witness. Witness or recipients of bribes are usually people who are close to the defendants. Seldom the recipients do not realise they had taken bribes.
Damn to those so-called human rights activist who see ensuring the corrupt not send to the slammer more important the menace of corruption that affects more people. One can find most of them in the opposition or opposition sympathisers.
The same side making political investment to ensure BN will remain to be seen as a corrupt party even if they had cleaned up their act.
The propaganda by opposition, especially the case of Teoh Beng Hock death, seemed to have psyched out judges. Many lawyers and prosecutors complaint that judges fear making unfavourable judgements against opposition for fear of the bad publicity.
Not to mention, there are those politically bias Bar Council member lawyers and closet opposition judges.
Judges are still human too.
Points to Ponder
Nevertheless, MACC did fairly well. They receive 6,000 complaints and 1,000 have cases. There have been 700 arrest and 68% chances of conviction.
The complaint is no big fish caught.
Certainly the procedures and method of getting sworn statements must be improved and made legally acceptable to get those big fishes. Otherwise, no one will fear MACC. As one chap whose name appeared in the PKFZ case said, “Apa takut, SPRM selalu kalah.”
On Salahuddin Ayub long standing allegations against MAS and now being taken up by Tan Sri Robert Phang, tak faham ke? The report and investigation was done at the police, thus it is off for MACC. No civil service in the world consciously do duplicating work.
A rebuttal question:
How did Salahuddin Ayub and Malaysia Today came up with RM8 billion number on MAS?
This blogger has a summary of accounts from 1993 to 2009 and keeps KLSE handbooks from the years before MAS’s Tengku Azmil first ejaculated. At RM8 billion, it is irreconcilable.
Don’t tell me it came from some nutty Aeronautical Engineer living in Sungai Buloh. Our suspicion it is lawyer on the panel of MAS that is over charging and abusing the company’s expense account.
Lastly, something worth pondering. There must be some political reform done to address political corruption.
No blame game. Yes it is prevalent in UMNO or BN.
Why are PAS Pak Lebai from Kelantan to Selangor also doing it, even how Arabic they try to justify? Kelantan only gain prominence after 2008 but Selangor, Kedah and Penang PAS are fast learners.
Corruption channeled in and out of DAP’s party account have been happening long before the death of Teoh Beng Hock. Ronny Liew is likely to be on deck to be charged by MACC after Khir Toyo.
PKR are equally as experts as UMNO. No need to say more. Anwar was the Father of Money Politics in UMNO.
There should be a reform to political financing. For instance, how about the Federal Government fund elections? That way there is no more issue of collecting political fund to finance elections. Letih businessmen.
On political donations to finance political events and programs, lets not be hypocritical. Legalise it. Make it transparent. More lenient tax breaks.
Why try to kid ourselves? Politics need money to operate on. Perjuangan and semangat alone are not enough.
Finally, corruption involves giver and taker. Why only go after the recipients?
After a while, it is beginning to be racial. Majority of those kena are Melayu because the most occurence of corruption is in the Government services and that is where most Melayus are.
Such one-sidedness has turned it into a stereotype that Melayu are naturally corrupt. Having read Sterling Seagrave’s Lord of the Rim, one beg to differ violently.
For 1Malaysia sake and to depict a better balance of reality, go after those taukeh giving bribes to get things done their way, fast and by-pass bureaucrasy.
That is the Adam before Eve.