Posts Tagged Corruption

Perangi Rasuah Satu Ibadat

oleh : SAIFULIZAM MOHAMAD  |

BANYAK pihak tidak menyedari usaha mencegah rasuah adalah satu bentuk ibadat berpanjangan dalam menentang kebatilan.

Rasulullah SAW memberi me­sej yang cukup jelas kepada umatnya iaitu setiap pelaku rasuah sama ada pemberi mahupun penerima akan menerima azab seksa yang amat pedih di neraka kerana dosanya yang cukup besar di sisi Allah SWT. Ibnu Umar RA meriwayatkan Rasulullah SAW bersabda yang bermaksud; “Pemberi rasuah dan penerima rasuah akan masuk ke dalam neraka.”

Dato Sri Hj Zakaria JaffarHadis Rasulullah itu menarik minat seorang mahasiswa perakaun­an dari Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) sesi 1977-1981 untuk menyertai Badan Pencegah Rasuah (BPR).

Baginya, sebarang usaha untuk memastikan umat Islam tidak terjerumus ke lembah kehancuran di­sebabkan rasuah adalah satu bentuk ibadat yang pasti ada ganjaran di sisi Allah SWT sekiranya dilakukan dengan seikhlas hati.

Individu dimaksudkan itu ialah Timbalan Ketua Pesuruhjaya (Peng­urusan dan Profesionalisme) Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malay­sia (SPRM), Datuk Seri Zakaria­ Jaffar yang juga seorang akuntan bertauliah.

Selepas menabur bakti lebih 33 tahun, beliau akan menamatkan perkhid­­matannya dalam SPRM di usia 58 tahun pada 29 Julai ini.

Ketika ditemui di pejabatnya di Putrajaya, baru-baru ini, Zakaria berkata, sebaik sahaja menamatkan pengajian di UKM pada 1981, beliau terus memohon menyertai BPR meskipun mempunyai pilihan kerja yang lebih lumayan setaraf kelulusannya dalam bidang perakaunan.

“Jika hendak diikutkan saya boleh menerima gaji lebih lumayan jika bekerja di tempat lain sebagai akauntan bertauliah. Namun itu bukan keutamaan kerana apa yang lebih penting saya perlu memilih pekerjaan yang membolehkan saya beribadat sepanjang masa,” ujarnya.

Selepas berjaya dalam temuduga beliau diminta melapor diri di ibu pejabat BPR pada 2 Ogos 1982 sebagai pegawai penyiasat di cawangan ekonomi.

“Penempatan saya di cawangan ini mungkin ada kaitan dengan kelulusan saya. Di cawangan ekonomi, kes-kes yang disiasat berprofil tinggi dan amat sensitif,” katanya.

Zakaria berkata, sepanjang berada dalam cawangan itu beliau diberi peluang menyiasat beberapa kes besar antaranya skandal BMF di Hong Kong yang juga anak syarikat Bank Bumiputra Malaysia Berhad (BBMB) ketika itu, di samping kes Perwaja Steel membabitkan tokoh korporat Tan Sri Eric Chia yang memakan masa lebih lapan tahun.

Zakaria turut berkongsi tentang tiga prinsip asas yang perlu ‘digenggam’ oleh semua pegawai penyiasat ketika menjalankan tugas iaitu;

n Need to know basis yang ber­mak­sud hanya anggota dan pe­gawai terlibat yang tahu me­ngenai satu-satu kes malah ahli keluarga masing-masing pun tidak mengetahuinya. Tujuannya menjaga kerahsiaan kes yang disiasat.

n  Kill first explain later. Ungkapan ini bermaksud pegawai pe­nyi­a­­sat akan berusaha mendapatkan dokumen atau bukti dengan apa cara sekalipun tanpa perlu beri penjelasan untuk tujuan siasatan tetapi perlu dilakukan tanpa melanggar undang-undang.

n First light enter pula bermaksud tangkapan dibuat terhadap suspek sebaik sahaja dia baru bangun tidur di waktu pagi. Pada waktu ini kebiasaannya suspek tidak bertindak agresif ketika ditangkap.

“Ketiga-tiga prinsip ini menjadi panduan kepada pegawai penyiasat kita ketika menjalankan siasatan terhadap satu-satu kes sehingga kes berkenaan dibawa ke mahkamah,” katanya lagi.

Berbalik kepada penglibatannya dalam beberapa kes utama Zakaria berkata, antara yang cukup memberi kesan kepadanya satu kes pecah amanah melibatkan seorang Ketua Pegawai Eksekutif (CEO) sebuah syarikat milik kerajaan (GLC).

Setelah mengumpulkan semua bahan bukti beliau mengarahkan sebuah pasukan diketuai oleh seorang pegawai penyiasat ke rumah CEO itu kira-kira pukul 4 pagi untuk mela­kukan tangkapan sesuai dengan prinsip first light enter.

Bagaimanapun, dalam kes tersebut kata Zakaria, tiada tangkapan dibuat sehingga menyebabkan beliau amat marah kepada pasukan tersebut.

“Namun demikian apa yang menghairankan saya pegawai penyiasat pula tiba-tiba yang menangis. Dia kata suspek akan datang ke pejabat pukul 8 pagi ini untuk serah diri.

“Selepas suspek menyerah diri, barulah pegawai penyiasat saya ini bercerita. Katanya semasa tangkapan mahu dibuat, lampu yang mula-mula dibuka adalah di ruang tamu dan bukannya di bilik tidur,” ujarnya.

Selepas lampu dibuka kata Zakaria, pasukan itu menyerbu ke dalam rumah tersebut dan apa yang menyentap perasaan pasukan tersebut, mereka melihat di sisi CEO itu anak-anaknya yang sedang lena tidur di samping seorang nenek.

“Anak yang paling kecil menangis mahukan susu. Pada ketika itu barulah pasukan itu diberitahu bahawa isteri CEO itu baru meninggal dunia dua minggu lalu kerana menghidap barah payu dara manakala nenek itu ibu mertuanya,” ujarnya.

Zakaria melihat kes itu dalam pelbagai sudut antaranya balasan dunia yang mungkin diterima akibat melakukan rasuah. Akhirnya selepas melalui perbicaraan CEO itu dibebaskan.

Kes lain yang turut terkesan di hati Zakaria melibatkan suspek yang akhirnya berubah menjadi insan lebih baik.

“Satu kes berlaku di Sarawak iaitu semasa saya bertugas di sana. Satu hari saya telah mengarahkan satu tangkapan dibuat terhadap seorang pegawai kanan kerajaan dalam bidang media.

“Pegawai penyiasat yang terlibat dalam kes tersebut seorang Iban dan tangkapan dibuat ketika pegawai berkenaan mengadakan kendu­ri untuk ke Mekah. Pegawai yang ditahan ini benar-benar aib. Beliau akhirnya dibenarkan ke Mekah untuk tunaikan haji.

“Beliau kemudian dibicarakan dan dibebaskan. Saya bertemu de­ngan pegawai berkenaan di Pondok Pasir Tumbuh Kelantan dan di saat saya bertemu dengannya beliau benar-benar menghambakan diri untuk mencari ilmu akhirat sehingga meninggal dunia,” katanya lagi.

Inilah antara kes yang memberi kesan kepada Zakaria. Walaupun kesnya kecil tetapi pengajarannya begitu banyak.

Dalam pada itu beliau mengakui kegiatan rasuah di negara ini masih berlaku tetapi dikategorikan sebagai masih terkawal.

Meskipun begitu ujar beliau, usaha untuk membendungnya perlu dilakukan bersungguh-sungguh supaya tiada lagi berlaku pencerobohan tanah secara haram seperti yang terjadi di Cameron Highlands dan beberapa kes lain yang dibongkar oleh pihak media.

“Kita pun dalam proses membuka sebuah pejabat tetap di Ca­meron Highlands. Selepas diluluskan kelak kita akan menempatkan beberapa anggota dan pegawai SPRM di kawasan tanah tinggi itu bagi memantau kes-kes pencerobohan tanah di sana,” katanya lagi.

Beliau turut melahirkan rasa gembira apabila tahap keyakinan rak­yat terhadap keupayaan SPRM menjalankan tugas-tugas pencegah­an rasuah semakin me­ningkat dari setahun ke setahun.

Berdasarkan kajian, beliau ber­kata, berbanding tahap keyakinan orang ramai terhadap SPRM pada 2009 cuma 30 peratus, kemudiannya meningkat 39 peratus (2010); 42 peratus (2011); 54 peratus (2012); 65 peratus (2014) dan tahun ini dijangka mencecah 70 peratus.

“Secara umumnya rakyat semakin percaya kepada kewibawaan SPRM dalam menjalankan kerja-kerja membendung, mencegah dan menyiasat segala kegiatan ber­kaitan rasuah.

“Kita akan balas kepercayaan ini dengan memberikan komitmen menghapuskan kegiatan rasuah yang boleh dianggap salah satu musuh utama negara,” ujar bapa kepada 11 anak ini.

Pada masa sama katanya, 27 juta rakyat Malaysia perlu bersama-sama SPRM memerangi perbuatan jijik rasuah itu supaya kegiatan tersebut akhirnya dapat diben­dung sekali gus meletakkan Malaysia pada kedudukan baik dalam senarai laporan CPI.

Meskipun bakal bersara, beliau tetap komited dengan perjuangannya untuk memerangi rasuah dan sedia menerima jemputan daripada mana-mana pihak khususnya pihak media untuk bercakap mengenai gejala tersebut dan kesannya kepada masyarakat dan negara. Tidak boleh disangkal sayang dan kasih Zakaria kepada SPRM tidak berbelah-bahagi.

“Darah yang mengalir dalam tubuh saya ini hanya tertulis dua perkataan sahaja iaitu BPR dan SPRM,” katanya mengakhiri sesi temu bual ini.

Selamat bersara Datuk Seri!

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Institutionalised corruption

By : NST 4th June 2015

EIGHTY per cent is a huge fraction of a total and when that many percentage points of any organisation is corrupt the picture is frightening. More terrible is the information that the problem cannot be rectified because the law is inadequate and those who must act will not. Why? It would not be a surprise if the whole caboodle is somehow implicated.

Institutionalised corruption

Institutionalised corruption

Unfortunately, this is no supposed situation, a figment of the imagination. According to the Special Branch, this is the picture revealed as a result of 10 years of “covert, deep-cover surveillance and intelligence gathering” of the nation’s border checkpoints. The officers of the enforcement agencies stationed at these checkpoints are on the take.

They include those from the Immigration Department, the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency, the Anti-Smuggling Unit and the police’s General Operations Force. And, many of these officers are on the payroll of syndicates smuggling drugs, weapons and humans, too. It is as if they moonlight as enforcement officers.

This is institutionalised corruption fused with organised crime and pervades the agencies. So insidious is the problem that when an officer was asked to name names of those involved, his reply was: “…easier if you asked us for the names of officers who were not on the take”. And thus is pronounced the most spine-chilling problem that this country faces.

Is it any wonder that there are death camps on the border and that street crimes are becoming ever more violent, with armed criminals becoming the norm rather than the exception? Corruption is poking holes into the country’s security. And, what if these agencies are corrupt wherever they operate, not merely in border areas?

Meanwhile, the 20 per cent not involved are, according to the Special Branch report, the pious, religion being the shield keeping seduction at bay. But they are a paltry number at risk of dangerous elements who are legitimately equipped to kill. They are, therefore, not the natural recourse to correcting the situation.

Even if they were at the upper echelon, it is questionable whether they can move their corrupt minions to comply with any order to clean up their act.

The home minister, rightly outraged by the revelation of the extent of corruption, has spoken of a changeover of the guards at the border areas. A shake-up is indeed absolutely necessary, but will replacing the agencies with the military work as intended? Is the soldier any more upstanding than the other uniformed services?

Furthermore, to rely on the military is tantamount to literally declaring war on criminals. While attractive, the proposed solution might have the impact of creating a dangerous situation. Whither the civilians in these locations? Will night curfew, say, be imposed? Corruption must end but when, as alleged, it has become institutionalised, how?

In some countries, facing the firing squad is considered a solution, especially when justice is somewhat summary. Such a move, however, is too drastic.

Whatever the case, the enemy within needs to be routed out. But, is the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission fully equipped to fight this level of corruption?

Read More : http://www.nst.com.my/node/86930

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YES, MACC MUST PROBE UNUSUALLY RICH, BUT…

By: Walter Sandosam
the writer : Walter Sandosam

Walter Sandosam

Referring to the report entitled “MP: Enough evidence to probe PM’s wealth’ and ‘MACC’s job is to probe the unusually rich’ in Malaysiakini recently, it is noted that many readers opined that the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) should have initiated its investigation against anyone based on various information given.

Indeed everyone knows that corruption is one the most potent hindrance to the economic development of a country; it undermines the rule of law, weakens trust in public institutions and challenges democratic principles. This is a universal reality.

Nevertheless, one of the constraints the MACC faces is to continue to investigate the financial and property ownership of an individual who has excessive wealth suspected of corruption.

The MACC does not have any legal provision at present to compel a person with excessive wealth which does not match the income on their job position to declare his or her assets without reasonable grounds to believe, based on investigations carried out by an officer of the Commission. This is clearly stated in Section 36(3) of the MACC Act 2009.

Though Section 36(3) of the Act seeks to secure an explanation of an apparent affluence of a public official, this section is unlike the provisions of Section 10 of the Prevention of Bribery Ordinance of Hong Kong.

Section 36(3) does not operate independently but must be read in conjunction with  Section 36(1) of the said Act. Section 36(1) reads as follows:

Notwithstanding any written law or rule of law to the contrary, an officer of the Commission of the rank of commissioner and above, if he has reasonable ground to believe, based on the investigation carried out by an officer of the Commission, that any property is held or acquired by any person as a result of or in connection with an offence under this Act.

An ‘offence under the Act’ is defined as:

…owns, possesses, controls or holds any interest in any property which is excessive, having regard to his present or past emoluments and all other relevant circumstances…liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twenty years; and a fine which is not less than five times the value of the excess, if the excess is capable of being valued, or ten thousand ringgit, whichever is the higher

Section 36(3) reads as follows:

Where the officer of the Commission of the rank of commissioner and above has reasonable grounds to believe that any officer of a public body who has been served with the written notice referred to in subsection (1), such officer of the Commission may by written direction require him to furnish a statement on oath or affirmation explaining how he was able to own, possess, control or hold such excess and if he fails to explain satisfactorily such excess, he commits an offence…

From the above, it is clear that there must be reasonable grounds to believe that an offence under the Act has been committed, before investigators from the Commission can embark on investigations, in respect of excess wealth of public official. Thus far, there is no evidence proffered by anyone of any offence that has been committed by the individuals concerned under the MACC Act 2009 in order to trigger any kind of investigations, for excess wealth against them.

It is the intention of the Legislature that claims of excess wealth, is not in itself an offence that warrants investigation.

In this regard, it is imperative to ensure that section 36 of the MACC Act 2009 is amended to enable the Commission to compel individuals to declare their assets. Currently, there is no such provision. It is therefore important for members of Parliament to support the amendment to the law and the Federal Constitution to increase the Commission’s independence and effectiveness in fighting graft.

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Risks of International Anti-Corruption Enforcement

http://corruptioncrimecompliance.com/2014/06/risks-of-international-anti-corruption-enforcement/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=risks-of-international-anti-corruption-enforcement

canada2White collar criminal investigations take time. Corruption investigations are no different.

Everyone expected UK Bribery enforcement to quickly increase and cause complex headaches for companies operating in the global marketplace. Looking back, many of us knew that without political support and resources, UK Bribery Act enforcement was destined to be a dud.

No one would have expected for Canada to rise from the ashes, like a phoenix, and enter the global enforcement picture. For years, Canada was criticized for its lack of enforcement. Canada enacted a statute similar to the FCPA but with some glaring omissions – no books and records requirement and a stringent jurisdiction requirement.

The Royal Canadian Mountain Police assigned more resources to investigate corruption. Canada fixed its anti-corruption statute, Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act (CFPOA) last year and increased criminal penalties.

Canada’s efforts are starting to bear fruit — not because prosecutors obtained the first criminal conviction and jail sentence under the CFPOA, but because Canada issues three new arrest warrants, including two foreign US nationals, charging them with violations of the FCPOA. They include the former Crytometrics CEO and COO for payment of $450,000 in cash and shared to Air India and Civil Aviation authorities in India to secure a $100 million government contract for facial recognition software.

Nazir Karigar, the first person convicted under the CFPOA was sentenced to three years imprisonment for his role in the same scheme.

The Canadian judge who sentenced Karigar made it clear that Canada was going to enforce the CFPOA and jail sentences would be handed out.canada

Canada’s sudden appearance on the global anti-corruption includes an important message – foreign nationals working for Canadian companies will be prosecuted. That is a very serious message.

For companies operating in the global marketplace subject to the CFPOA and FCPA, the possible nightmare scenario can occur where one act of bribery could be prosecuted by multiple enforcement agencies, including the RCMP, the FBI and the Serious Fraud Office in the UK. Plea negotiations can extend across the ocean and north of the US border raising the stakes on corruption enforcement.

The US Department of Justice has shown willingness to take into account it its settlement negotiations the parallel resolution of cases in other jurisdictions (E.g. Germany) but that willingness may become less cooperative as more enforcement agencies and countries get into the act.

For now, global enforcement risks continue to rise – China has shown a willingness to prosecute foreign nationals and now Canada has done the same. The list will continue to grow and the concomitant risks for multinational companies.

canada3Multiple enforcement agencies mean multiplicity of risks and of foreign legal regimes. Enforcement agencies use country-specific rules and regulations – navigating these practices across jurisdictions means more difficulties, more lawyers and more possibilities of inconsistent results. In the end this means more headaches.

Companies have to take account of the CFPOA – compliance has become even more important along with appropriate training and awareness of enforcement policies and procedures.   The FCPA has been the driving force in the global battle against corruption – Canada has now added a new wrinkle to this movement.

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Brunei – Malaysia Officials Meet On Anti-Graft Cooperation

DANIEL WOOD
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN

Tuesday, September 10, 2013

BRUNEI’s Anti-Corruption Bureau (ACB) hosted yesterday, the Ninth Annual Bilateral Cooperation Meeting with their Malaysian counterparts to further collaborative work between both bodies.

The meeting discussed various topics, centering on the sharing of investigation methodology, with a particular focus on trans-border crimes related to corruption.

bmr-2013
According to an ACB statement, officials from the ACB and the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) will meet for two days to share information leading to positive transformation in the efforts of both agencies to strengthen their abilities in handling investigations on corruption, especially those involved in cross-border criminal activity.

In his welcoming speech, Hj Muhammad Juanda Hj A Rashid, Director of ACB noted the joint milestones achieved since the last meeting in August 2012, including the successful ACB-MACC Convention and the cooperation network established through their working groups, which led to capacity building trainings for ACB officers in the fields of intelligence, investigation and money laundering investigation.

He also congratulated the Malaysian delegation for their work during the October IAACA Conference, which “was a huge and meaningful success in reflecting the roles and international-level confidence shown by MACC and Malaysia to the world to cultivate and highlight its attempts against corruption”.

In turn, MACC’s Chief Commissioner Tan Sri Hj Abu Kassim Mohamed praised the spirit of collaboration between both agencies.

It was also noted that “the use of joint investigation and an operation working group with BMR are good examples of law enforcement cooperation among countries at the policy and operational level”.

“This is a model that should be highlighted. Our interaction far exceeds expectations of international protocol… The learning curve other than our formal discussion, is the informal discussions. I learn a lot from you,” said the chief commissioner.

MACC reported the success of ACB/MACC cooperation through Article 49 of the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC), as recognised through an Executive Summary published by the UN.

The meeting will further table corruption trends in both countries, while including talks on anti-corruption and integrity education conducted by the MACC.

This is considered to be the approach in its ongoing transformation programme aiming to realise a collective and dynamic anti-corruption initiative in Malaysia.

Several presentations are expected at the meet on aspects of operations, prevention and integrity education.

The meeting will also explore future training opportunities as well as officer exchanges within law enforcement, prevention and education in specific areas to build the capacities of the agencies’ staff members.

The annual event which started in 2002 aims to be a platform for information and experience exchange as well as brainstorming between the anti-graft agencies of both countries, in which joint operations are also discussed.

by :
The Brunei Times

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Going after corrupt firms the right decision

WALTER SANDOSAM

THE Merdeka anniversary celebrations are always a time to reminisce about the past and inevitably it also entails looking towards the future. 

As the country acknowledges its past, it has to recognise that all may not be as one intended. 

The rapid economic progress has bred the cancer of corruption.

The Prime Minister’s comment “I want to make corruption a part of Malaysia’s past, not its future” in “Corrupt firms in hot water” (The Star, Aug 31) appears at first glance to be wishful thinking, yet it is a serious statement of intent.

Is this an achievable vision? Are the correct signals being sent out to society at large which continues to harp on corruption?

For any vision to become reality it has to be supported by the necessary infrastructure to achieve results. Relevant laws have to be introduced or existing ones strengthened to allow for successful prosecutions.

The proposed corporate liability provision which penalises companies involved in corrupt practices sends out the right message.

It signals the death knell for corporations which indulge in these unhealthy activities.

The “big fish” are essentially fed by such corporations to whom ethics and good governance play second fiddle to the ultimate objective of increasing shareholder value.

In this manner, the demand and supply side which continue to propagate corruption will be dealt with simultaneously.

Those who speak the loudest on perceived corruption levels which are then translated into results of corruption perception indexes now have to begin to appreciate that the landscape has changed.

Both individuals as well as corporations could be hauled up to court.

The enforcement authorities are taking the offensive by improving their capabilities in forensic accounting to investigate those whose assets are not commensurate with their income levels.

These are the structural changes which will no doubt bear fruit.

The greater challenge is to change prevailing mindsets of company directors and business owners to whom corruption has become standard operating procedure.

Enactment of laws can be done at the stroke of a pen – changing cultural norms takes much more work but is not an insurmountable task.

Has the correct signal been sent to the corporate community?

The MACC has trained and emplaced certified integrity officers namely in government agencies and government-linked companies.

That again is an infrastructure enhancement initiative albeit an important one in the fight against corruption.

Mindset change has to permeate to the operating level – the level that is the most prone to either receiving or accepting bribes.

It is a function of greed and not adequate remuneration. The greatest danger is if it is pervasive throughout the operating entity.

The regulators of companies operating in Malaysia should take the cue from the government’s stance on corruption to ensure that all directors have the correct mindset.

Mandatory training programmes for directors of public listed companies should include components that embrace ethics, integrity and governance.

There is a need for frameworks to buttress such initiatives. It is acknowledged that this is a long process but changing mindsets is a key ingredient if corruption is to be relegated to the annals of history.

Corporations which continue to operate unethically will be weeded out and have to face the law with regard to corruption.

Those who have participated in corporate integrity pledge exercises and regarded these as merely public relations exercises devoid of any commitment to anti-corruption principles should now be wary of the consequences under the corporate liability provisions.

It is the responsibility of business owners and directors to ensure that correct ethical values cascade to all levels of the company.

Integrity has to be a prerequisite disposition. Stakeholders at all levels of society have to take responsibility and not take the easy way out by blaming the operating environment or the enforcement authorities.

This is the way forward for a better Malaysia which is corruption free. It has to be a collective vision.

WALTER SANDOSAM

Kuala Lumpur

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Govt on track in fighting corruption

KPI ACHIEVED: NKRA director saysMalaysia has earned praise for its efforts

The key performance indicator (KPI) under the National Key Results Area (NKRA) in fighting corruption has been fully achieved. NKRA against corruption director Datuk Hisham Nordin said the targets had been evaluated by an international
panel which recognised the determination of the government to stamp out corruption.

“The international panel praised our country for its seriousness in fighting corruption. This is not cosmetic or rhetoric, but something real in the GTP (Government Transformation Programme) framework,” he said after participating
in the Helo Malaysia talk show over BernamaTV on Tuesday.

image

Hisham said one proof of the government’s sincerity in fighting corruption was the setting up of an anticorruption KPI through the NKRA and improving the country’s ranking in the Corruption Perceptions Index.
He said fighting corruption was an ongoing process because various aspects had to be evaluated. “It is a continuous work in progress. It has no end. We cannot say one day that we can stop fighting corruption. There is no ending in the fight.”

He said it was a major challenge to educate the people on the government’s efforts to fight corruption. Hisham also said a training module on integrity and the assimilation of noble values was being drawn up with the Malaysian AntiCorruption
Commission to instil values and ethics in elected representatives.
“The training may be conducted for the new members of parliament and state assemblymen after the 13th General Election.” He also said Barisan Nasional’s “Promise of Hope” manifesto was not a bribe for votes because it was a promise of common benefits and not only given to certain individuals. Bernama

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WASPADA HARTA HARAM – Memakan Harta-harta ‘Kotor’ Menjadikan Kita Bahan Bakaran Api Neraka

Ihsan : UTUSAN MALAYSIA

WAN JEMIZAN W. DERAMAN dan AHMAD TERMIZI MOHAMED DIN

IMAN ialah benteng diri daripada melakukan perkara maksiat dan penderhakaan kepada Allah SWT. Apabila tiada orang yang memerhati dan tiada mata yang melihat, maka tiada pertahanan diri yang paling kukuh melainkan iman yang membuahkan perasaan ihsan iaitu merasakan Allah swt sedang mengawasi dia.

Sebagai manusia biasa, adakalanya iman yang ada dalam diri menurun. Maka pada ketika itu, kita pasti lernah dalam menepis ujian yang datang kepada diri.

Memang tidak dapat dinafikan bahawa terdapat ketikanya kita terleka dan terlalai dalam kehidupan di dunia.

Mungkin ada di antara kita yang pernah terlibat, sama ada secara sengaja atau tidak sengaja dalam aktiviti atau pekerjaan yang tidak bertepatan dengan Syariah sebelum ini.

Penglibatan ini akhirya menyebabkan kita memperoleh pendapatan sama ada  dalam bentuk gaji, komisen, dividen, keuntungan dan sebagainya secara yang tidak halal.

Begitu juga mungkin ada di kalangan kita yang pernah terjebak dalam rasuah, pecah amanah dan penyelewengan.

Semua harta yang diperoleh itu bakal mengundang kemurkaan Allah SWT dan balasannya amatlah dahsyat di akhirat nanti.

Penglibatan ini bukan sahaja menyebabkan orang yang terlibat melakukannya secara langsung mendapat dosa, bahkan pendapatan serta hartanya pula menjadi haram. Harta haram yang dimaksudkan di sini ialah harta yang diperoleh melalui jalan atau kaedah yang bercanggah dengan syarak. lni termasuklah faedah yang diperoleh daripada akaun simpanan di bank-bank konvensional.

Oleh itu, mereka yang menyedari akan hakikat ini akan segera bertaubat kepada Allah SWT dan kembali ke pangkal jalan. Allah SWT Maha Pengampun dan Dia suka sekiranya hamba yang telah melakukan dosa, cepat-cepat bertaubat dan kembali kepada-Nya.

Lantaran itu. wajib bagi mereka untuk bersegera dalam bertaubat dengan tidak bertangguh. lni berdasarkan firman Allah SWT yang bermaksud:

Serungguhnya taubat di sisi Allah hanyalah taubat bagi orang-orang yang mengerjakan kejahatan lantaran kejahilan, yang kemudian mereka bertaubat dengan segera. maka mereka itulah yang diterima  Allah taubatnya; dan Allah Maha Mengetahui Iagi Maha Bijaksana. (an-Nisa: 17)

Antara syarat untuk bertaubat kepada Allah SWT kerana mendapat harta haram adalah dengan cara melupuskannya.

Perkataan ‘melupuskan’ sengaja digunakan kerana orang yang terlibat tidak boleh memanfaatkan harta tersebut untuk dirinya sama ada untuk membuat mbelian dan urusniaga-urusniaga yang lain. Bahkan, Allah SWT tidak memberikan pahala sekiranya dia menggunakan harta tersebut untuk menunaikan haji dan umrah, membayar zakat dan menderma kepada golongan fakir miskin.

lni berdasarkan sabda Nabi SAW:

“Barang siapa yang mengumpulkan harta yang haram kemudian mendermakannya, tiadalah baginya sebarang pahala dan tanggungan dosanya tersebut adalah kekal (sehingga dia bertaubat kepadaAllah SWT)” (riwayat ai-Hakim)

Nabi SAW juga bersabda yang bermaksud:

Sesungguhnya Allah itu baik dan tidak menen’ma kecuali seruatu yang baik. (riwayat Muslim).

Demikianlah betapa beratnya bahana daripada pengambiJan harta haram sehingga Allah SWT tidak menerima amalan yang berkaitan dengan harta tersebut.

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Dirty money costs developing world $6 trln

By : Reuters

WASHINGTON: Crime, corruption and tax evasion have cost the developing world nearly $6 trillion over the past decade, and illicit funds keep growing, led by China, a financial watchdog group said in a new report.


China accounted for almost half of the $858.8 billion in dirty money that flowed into tax havens and Western banks in 2010, more than eight times the amounts for runner-ups Malaysia and Mexico. Total illicit outflows increased by 11 percent from the prior year, Global Financial Integrity, a Washington-based group that campaigns for financial accountability, said in its latest report released on Monday.

“Astronomical sums of dirty money continue to flow out of the developing world and into offshore tax havens and developed country banks,” said Raymond Baker, director of GFI.

“Developing countries are hemorrhaging more and more money at a time when rich and poor nations alike are struggling to spur economic growth. This report should be a wake-up call to world leaders that more must be done to address these harmful outflows,” he said.

All the countries in the top 10, which this year saw India, Nigeria, the Philippines and Nigeria join the ranks, face significant problems with corruption, and in most there are vast gaps between rich and poor citizens as well as internal security problems.

Leaders of the Group of 20 major economies increasingly are focusing on ways to crack down on money laundering, bank secrecy and tax loopholes to prevent funds stolen from public coffers or earned through criminal activity from depleting the budgets of developing countries. The sums are so huge that for every dollar in foreign direct aid, $10 leaves developing countries.

China lost $420.4 billion in 2010 and over the decade lost a total of $2.74 trillion. And its losses are steadily rising. In an October report, GFI said another $602 billion in illicit flows left China in 2011 for a total of $3.79 trillion between 2000-11.

However, the numbers in the latest report are not directly comparable with earlier data because GFI has updated its methodology, making the estimates somewhat more conservative. It measures illicit flows by calculating the difference between fund inflows from loans and net foreign direct investment, and the outflows from a country to pay for trade, cash transfers and other earnings.

Aware of the destabilizing impact of corrupt money, Chinese leaders are embarking on a crackdown. Outgoing President Hu Jintao recently warned corruption threatens to destroy the communist party and the state. In Russia, President Vladimir Putin last week also put the issue high on his agenda as citizen protests over corruption mount.

“Our report continues to demonstrate that the Chinese economy is a ticking time bomb,” said Dev Kar, GFI’s lead economist, who compiled the report. “The social, political and economic order in that country is not sustainable in the long run given such massive illicit outflows.”

Mexico lost $51.17 billion in illicit flows in 2010 for a total of $476 billion over the last decade, which does not even count the billions of dollars in bulk cash that probably left under organized crime and drug dealing. Malaysia, an export-dominated economy with a wealthy elite, lost $64.38 billion in 2010 and $285 billion cumulatively between 2001 and 2010, the report said.

Illicit financial flows have grown by 13.3 percent a year since 2001, robbing countries of wealth and benefiting a handful of corrupt leaders. Kar said the worsening picture over the past decade coincides with the globalization of finance and loosening of capital controls, changes that make it easier to transfer funds to Western banks and to tax havens.

“Until governance improves and measures to shrink the underground economy take hold, we will not see a sustained decline in illicit flows,” Kar said.

GFI called on world leaders to accelerate efforts to curtail the flow of dirty money by clamping down on secret bank accounts and ownership of shell companies; reforming customs and trade protocols so that export/import payments cannot be used to hide illegal fund transfers; requiring multinational companies to report their profits by country to prevent tax avoidance; and strongly enforcing anti money-laundering laws. reuters

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SIASATAN SPRM BEBAS DARIPADA CAMPURTANGAN MANA-MANA PIHAK

KUALA LUMPUR, 9 Nov (Bernama) — Semua penyiasatan oleh Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia (SPRM) adalah bebas daripada campur tangan mana-mana pihak, kata Pengerusi Panel Penilaian Operasi (PPO) SPRM Tan Sri Dr Hadenan Abdul Abdul Jalil.

Sehubungan itu, beliau bekata Menteri di Jabatan Perdana Menteri Datuk Seri Nazri Abdul Aziz pun tidak boleh campur tangan dalam urusan siasatan SPRM memandangkan semua hasil siasatan oleh SPRM akan dibentang kepada PPO untuk pandangan ahli-ahli panel.

“Hubungan SPRM dengan Menteri adalah beliau hanya bertanggungjawab untuk menjawab soalan berkaitan isu rasuah atau mengenai SPRM yang dikemukakan di Parlimen berdasarkan maklumat oleh SPRM,” katanya kepada Bernama hari ini.

Beliau menjelaskan PPO adalah satu daripada lima panel bebas yang ditubuh oleh SPRM tiga tahun lepas ekoran banyak tohmahan dan tuduhan ketika itu kononnya agensi itu tidak mempunyai kebebasan dan banyak kes ditutup sewenang-wenangnya.

Dr Hadenan berkata PPO yang dianggotai oleh kalangan profesional yang mempunyai integriti berkuasa untuk memberi keputusan muktamad sama ada sesuatu kes itu boleh ditutup atau tidak.

“Kami tidak dipengaruhi oleh mana-mana pihak. Saya selalu menyatakan bahawa panel ini bebas.

“Selama tiga tahun ini, kami telah membuat keputusan adakalanya tidak bersetuju dengan cadangan yang dikemukakan oleh SPRM dan juga Peguam Negara untuk kita menutup sesuatu kes. Tidak ada orang yang mengarahkan sama ada ia seorang menteri atau perdana menteri supaya pihak panel dalam menentukan sama ada kes itu hendak ditutup ataupun tidak,” katanya.

Beliau berkata hakikatnya ialah sejak tiga tahun beroperasi, PPO tidak pernah menghadapi isu campur tangan daripada pihak luar.

Dr Hadenan berkata menangani pencegahan rasuah di Malaysia banyak melibatkan pembetulan persepsi campur tangan pihak luar.

“Jadi saya berharaplah pada mereka yang mempunyai persepsi salah mengenai peranan ini, saya memperbetulkan bahawa kami bebas,” katanya.

Merujuk kepada kecenderungan pihak pembangkang untuk mempolitikkan isu rasuah, beliau menggesa semua pihak supaya menghentikan perbuatan itu memandangkan usaha pencegahan rasuah bukan sahaja menghendaki kerja kuat oleh SPRM tetapi komitmen daripada semua pihak rakyat, ahli politik dan pertubuhan bukan kerajaan.

“Suatu pihak sahaja tidak boleh dipertanggungjawab sepenuhnya dalam pencegahan rasuah.

“Ahli politik mempunyai peranan untuk dimainkan, begitu juga rakyat.

“Kalau kita hendak mengatasi isu-isu berkaitan rasuah…kalaulah semua orang berpandangan lurus, tidak mempunyai niat-niat terselindung dan tidak mempunyai tanggapan yang salah, saya rasa SPRM lebih mudah menjalankan kerjanya,” katanya.

— BERNAMA

MACC Investigations Free Of Interference – PPO

KUALA LUMPUR, Nov 9 (Bernama) — All investigations by the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) are free of interference, said its Operation Evaluation Panel (PPO) chairman Tan Sri Dr Hadenan Abdul Abdul Jalil.

He said even Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department Datuk Seri Nazri Abdul Aziz could not interfere in investigations by the MACC as the results were submitted to the PPO for its views.

“The minister only answers questions on corruption or MACC submitted in parliament based on information furnished by MACC,” he told Bernama today.

He said the PPO was one of five independent panels set up by MACC three years ago after allegations were hurled that the MACC was not independent and cases were arbitarily closed.

The PPO, which comprises professionals with integrity, was empowered to decide whether a case could be closed or otherwise, he said.

— BERNAMA
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