Posts Tagged corrupt
Oleh DATUK AHMAD KHUSAIRI YAHAYA
PENULIS ialah Pengarah Bahagian Dasar, Perancangan dan Penyelidikan SPRM
KESERIUSAN kerajaan dalam meningkatkan integriti dan mengekang jenayah rasuah di kalangan pegawai awam jelas menerusi pelaksanaan pelbagai dasar dan program yang diperkenalkan sejak sedekad lalu.
Antaranya menjadikan rasuah sebagai salah satu daripada bidang penting yang ditekankan dalam Pelan Transformasi Kerajaan (GTP). Untuk itu, sebanyak 27 inisiatif telah dan sedang dilaksanakan dengan giatnya menerusi Bidang Keberhasilan Utama Negara atau NKRA Berkaitan Rasuah.
Apa yang menjadi faktor paling kritikal dalam memastikan usaha meningkatkan tahap integriti perkhidmatan awam, sebenarnya bukanlah terletak pada hanya kesungguhan kerajaan. Kesungguhan itu juga perlu datang dari kepimpinan agensi kerajaan dan menuntut semua lapisan warganya untuk berubah.
Sejak kebelakangan ini, terdapat perubahan yang boleh dibanggakan ditunjukkan oleh kalangan anggota perkhidmatan awam berbanding sedekad lalu. Hakikatnya, tahap kesedaran para pegawai awam terhadap integriti dan semangat anti-rasuah jelas meningkat. Namun demikian, masih banyak ruang boleh diperbaiki untuk menjadikannya unggul di kaca mata masyarakat.
Berdasarkan perangkaan SPRM sepanjang sembilan tahun iaitu 2003 hingga 2011, secara keseluruhannya, purata tangkapan ke atas penjawat awam adalah seramai 260 orang setahun. Berbanding jumlah keseluruhan penjawat awam di Malaysia iaitu 1.4 juta orang, peratusannya adalah terlalu kecil iaitu sekitar 0.018 peratus sahaja.
Walaupun kelihatan kecil namun jika tidak dibendung ia mampu meruntuhkan negara. Pegawai awam dilihat mempunyai kuasa dan kuasa ini jika disalahgunakan boleh mengakibatkan kesan yang amat buruk.
Trend perubahan ke arah pembudayaan integriti dan anti-rasuah di kalangan pegawai awam jelas ketara bermula 2009. Terdapat pengurangan yang jelas dari segi jumlah tangkapan ke atas penjawat awam berbanding tangkapan ke atas sektor swasta dan orang awam. Kempen Perangi Pemberi Rasuah benar-benar menghasilkan impak yang besar dalam sejarah pencegahan rasuah di negara ini. Sejak pelancarannya pada 2009, jumlah penjawat awam dan swasta yang ditangkap kerana cuba menyogok pegawai awam melonjak begitu tinggi. Dalam 2009 misalnya, jumlah tangkapan keseluruhan SPRM ialah seramai 500 orang kerana ditangkap cuba memberi rasuah seramai 98 orang. Melonjak melebihi empat kali ganda iaitu seramai 424 orang dalam 2010 dan 389 orang dalam 2011. Jumlah wang sogokan bermula dari RM50 ke angka RM1 juta.
Perubahan BPR kepada SPRM dalam 2009 sebenarnya membawa kepada perubahan dari segi pendekatan dan strategi pencegahan rasuah di negara ini. SPRM menetapkan tiga bidang utama iaitu penguatkuasaan, perolehan (sebut harga dan tender awam) dan projek mega kerajaan sebagai fokus utamanya.
Beberapa kelemahan yang selama ini menghalang usaha pencegahan rasuah dikenal pasti, antaranya tanggapan bahawa tanggungjawab memerangi rasuah terletak di tangan SPRM semata-mata, kurangnya inisiatif agensi awam untuk mencegah rasuah; mekanisme kawalan dalaman yang longgar dan tidak sempurna dan kesalahan rasuah tidak dianggap sebagai kesalahan berat bagi kes tatatertib.
Terdapat segelintir ketua yang menganggap tugas mencegah rasuah adalah tanggungjawab SPRM. Justeru, pembudayaan integriti dan pencegahan rasuah bukan merupakan agenda utama. Yang lebih penting menjaga suasana harmoni dan semangat esprit de corp di kalangan pegawai/staf. Jika tindakan keras diambil dan pembudayaan anti-rasuah menjadi berkesan maka ia kononnya akan mewujudkan suasana kurang selesa dan syak wasangka sesama anggota.
Perkara yang lebih disesalkan ialah sikap kasihan kepada pesalah rasuah masih menjadi asas pertimbangan dalam proses tindakan tatatertib. Bagi SPRM, siasatan sesuatu kes tidak hanya berakhir dengan tindakan menghadapkan suspek ke mahkamah semata-mata. Sebaliknya, banyak kes yang disiasat SPRM dikemukakan sebagai Laporan SPRM untuk tindakan tatatertib. Namun, atas dasar simpati, suspek-suspek ini terlepas daripada hukuman berat seperti ditamatkan perkhidmatan dan hanya diberikan surat teguran atau amaran sahaja.
Perangkaan SPRM sepanjang 10 tahun lalu berhubung kes tatatertib jelas menunjukkan sebanyak 1,957 laporan dikemukakan kepada Pihak Berkuasa Tatatertib Agensi. Daripada jumlah itu, hanya 60 kes dikenakan hukuman buang kerja. Sebaliknya, 979 atau 50% dikenakan surat amaran yang tidak mendatangkan apa-apa kesan deterrent. Ini jelas menunjukkan tiada istilah serius dalam kes-kes yang melibatkan perbuatan jenayah rasuah.
Cabaran utama yang perlu diperbaiki dalam memastikan kelangsungan program pemantapan integriti dan pencegahan rasuah dalam perkhidmatan awam adalah melibatkan dua pendekatan strategik yang dikenal pasti SPRM iaitu memperkasakan entiti kawalan dalaman agensi awam dan memperkukuhkan SPRM.
Justeru, dalam konteks memperkasakan entiti kawalan dalaman agensi awam, SPRM telah mencadangkan kepada kerajaan untuk mewujudkan model pencegahan rasuah yang berbentuk kawalan dalaman menerusi penubuhan Unit Integriti di kementerian, jabatan Persekutuan dan negeri.
Model unit ini sama seperti di Amerika Syarikat (AS) dan Taiwan. Di AS ia lebih dikenali sebagai Inspector General Office (IGO). Unit ini diwujudkan di jabatan-jabatan berisiko tinggi dan bertanggungjawab sepenuhnya memantau dan menjalankan siasatan ke atas kes-kes berkaitan integriti, rasuah dan lain-lain jenayah yang melibatkan warga agensi terbabit.
Mengambil contoh di AS, unit integriti New York Police Department (NYPD) ditubuhkan dengan keanggotaan seramai 700 orang bagi memantau 35,000 pegawai polis di NYPD iaitu nisbah 1:50 manakala Pihak Berkuasa Pelabuhan New York mempunyai keanggotaan 70 orang bagi memantau 7,000 pekerjanya iaitu nisbah 1:100.
Idea berhubung penubuhan Unit Integriti di agensi-agensi kerajaan ini disambut baik. Buat masa ini, empat agensi telah mewujudkan unit ini iaitu Jabatan Imigresen Malaysia, Jabatan Kastam dan Eksais Diraja, Jabatan Pengangkutan Jalan dan SPRM sendiri. Pegawai-pegawai SPRM akan dilantik dan ditempatkan sebagai Ketua Unit Integriti di agensi-agensi terbabit.
Perubahan status daripada BPR ke SPRM dalam 2009 sebenarnya selari dengan perubahan besar kepada budaya kerja dan sistem operasi SPRM secara keseluruhannya. Bermula dengan Pelan Strategik SPRM 2011-2013, tiga bidang utama diperkukuhkan termasuk memperkenalkan sistem pengurusan siasatan berkesan, sistem pengurusan pencegahan dan pendidikan berkesan dan pembangunan serta pemantapan modal insan SPRM secara menyeluruh.
Jawatankuasa Eksekutif Transformasi yang terdiri daripada ahli-ahli Lembaga Penasihat SPRM dibentuk bagi memacu proses transformasi. Kesan kepada proses transformasi ini jelas memantapkan SPRM dari segi memperbaiki struktur organisasi, memperkenalkan sistem pengurusan modal insan berdasarkan kompetensi, memperkenalkan sistem pengurusan bakat yang fleksibel dan membawa masuk tenaga pakar yang berkepakaran tinggi bagi meningkatkan operasi SPRM.
International companies are becoming large and growing proportion of the world’s total business due to globalization, which has forced western capitalists to interact with their counterparts in lower-income and developing countries, in the course of expanding business horizons and opportunities. Malaysia realizes that companies do not operate within national boundaries but in multiple countries, each with its own set of norms and rules. In the competition to secure supplies from foreign countries and compete against products and services, companies tend to violate laws and rules especially pertaining to corruption.
Domestic bribery has long been recognized as a crime in almost all countries including Malaysia. However, bribery of foreign officials is of a relatively recent occurrence. The tendency to commit foreign bribery has risen dramatically due to globalization, which has let to a significant increase in international economic activities.
In responding to the growing tendency and in relation to article 16 of the United Nation Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC), which makes explicit reference to the bribery of not only foreign public officials but also officials of public international organizations. Malaysia responded well to offences of bribery by foreign public officials by taking the necessary steps to incorporate a new specific provision for bribery of foreign public officials into the domestic legislation.
Section 22 of the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission Act 2009 represents Malaysia’s legislative contribution to the international effort to criminalize such conduct. The provision stipulates that any person who by himself, or by or in conjunction with any other person gives, promises or offers, or agrees to give or offer, to any foreign public official, or being a foreign public official, solicits, accepts or obtains, or agrees to accept or attempts to obtain, whether for the benefit of that foreign public official or of another person, any gratification as an inducement or reward for, or otherwise on account of:
- the foreign public official using his position to influence any act or decision of the foreign state or public international organization for which the official performs any official duties;
- the foreign public official performing, having done or forbone to do, or abstaining from performing or aiding in procuring, expediting, delaying, hindering or preventing the performance of, any of his official duties; or
- the foreign public official aiding in procuring or preventing the granting of any contract for the benefit of any person,
commits an offence, notwithstanding that the foreign public official did not have the power, right or opportunity so to do, show or forbear, or accepted the gratification without intending so to do, show or forbear, or did not infact so do, show or forbear, or that the inducement or reward was not in relation to the scope of his official duties. Shall on conviction be liable to an imprisonment for a term not exceeding twenty years and a fine of not less than five times the sum or value of the gratification or ten thousand ringgit, whichever is the higher.
For the purpose of the offence, foreign public official defined as includes any person who holds a legislative, executive, administrative or judicial office of a foreign country whether appointed or elected. Apart from that it also includes a person who exercises a public function for a foreign country and any person who is authorized by a public international organization to act on behalf of that organization.
In addition, the provision covers any act of aiding and abetting in the commission of the offence, conspiring to commit the offence or attempting to commit the offence. Some countries will argue that it is their culture in giving gifts which on their own way may denote respect, appreciation or gratitude, without specifying large and small gifts or the value of the gifts. Thus, in Malaysian, we have within our legislation, that evidence of custom is inadmissible as a defence to an offence of bribery of a foreign public official.
Lobbying by a foreign public official in order to persuade a local public official to act in the supplicant’s is another area that is open to abuse. Lobbying, per se, that does not require a payment and which does not persuade a political figure from violating the social trust of his constituents and his parliamentary code of ethics, is legitimate. However, when lobbying is done with a payment for the same purpose and for the political figure to breach any social trust that he has with his constituents, then it constitutes an offence domestically. The giver and receiver of bribe in such cases commit an offence and would be prosecuted in Malaysia.
Facilitation payments also known as ‘grease payments’ has been described by the OECD as low level payments designed to expedite performance of a ‘routine government action’. It is corrosive in its nature towards sustainable development of a country and the rule of law. Malaysia too has recognized facilitation payments as a form of corruption within the domestic anti-corruption legislation.
The Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission Act 2009 provides that the evidence of an accomplice and agent provocateur could be used as admissible evidence in the prosecution of offences of bribery of foreign public officials. This provision would be of invaluable, as one is only to aware that corruption is sometimes regarded as ‘silent crime’ between consenting adults. Hence, if there is any other compelling independent and corroborative evidence, then the giver and receiver of the bribe could be prosecuted, respectively. Plea bargaining is being introduced into the Criminal Procedure Code in Malaysia, which would again enable the cooperation of co-offenders in the prosecution of bribery offences.
Apart from that, there is also within the scheme of the Act, a provision that there is a duty to report all forms of attempted bribery transactions and failure to do so is an offence, which on conviction be liable to a fine of not exceeding one hundred thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding ten years or both. If bribery is being solicited or obtained, or an attempt has been made to obtain then failure to report such act, will on conviction be liable to a fine not exceeding ten thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to both. Thus, it is the duty of either the potential giver or receiver to report bribery and failure to do so may land them to a criminal charge.
Tools of investigation for the offence of bribery of foreign public officials are enshrined in the Act. A glimpse of these powers would indicate that there are explicit provisions overriding banking secrecy laws and professional legal privilege. Further, the Act provides that officers of the Commission have the power to obtain information in the course of investigation for an offence under the Act, including bribery of a foreign public official, about property that reasonably believed to have been acquired through proceeds of bribery. The information may be secured from the suspect himself, his relatives or associates, or any other person whom the anti-graft officer has reasonable ground to believe can assist in the investigations. Failure by any party to provide the information required is a criminal offence, and may face a criminal charge. On conviction may liable to imprisonment and fine.
If it is established that the suspect against whom the information is sought is an officer of a public body in Malaysia and is in excess of wealth against his present and past emoluments and all other relevant circumstances, then the said officer of a public body, can be prosecuted for the excess wealth. The officer of the public body shall on conviction be liable to an imprisonment for a term not exceeding twenty years and a fine which is not less than five times the value of the excess or ten thousand ringgit, whichever is the higher.
The Act also provides well defined powers to freeze the assets of a suspect and subsequent forfeiture. Where the offence is proved against the accused person, but the property cannot be traced or is disposed, the court can order the accused to pay a penalty, the sum of which is equivalent to the amount of the gratification. The penalty is over and above the punishments provided for under the Act.
The officers of the anti-graft Commission in Malaysia are constantly required to attend capability-building programmes in order to enhance their investigative skills and to network informally with counterparts of theirs from other jurisdictions. Such networking would invariably facilitate cross-border investigations. The investigative programmes are organised domestically under the auspicious of the Malaysia Anti-Corruption Academy, or internationally.
Corruption, as we all know is a crime without boundaries. Hence, the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission has also beefed up international investigation unit to cope with this new phenomenon, bribery of foreign public officials.
Last and not least, Malaysia is committed in taking important steps to facilitate rightful recoveries of proceeds of bribery and is prepared to set aside the obstacles of differing legal regimes, political chauvinism, suspicions and cultural differences, and adopt a common stand on the eradication of this new phenomenon, the offence of bribery of foreign public officials.
(The article was adopted from presentation by Mr Anthony Kevin Morais, Senior Deputy Public Prosecutor attached to the MACC, who made the presentation at an international conference – Shaping a New World: Combating Foreign Bribery in International Business Transactions which was held at Hyatt Hotel, Nusa Dua, Bali, Indonesia, organized by Corruption Eradication Commission (CEC), Indonesia in collaboration with the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
Written by: SAC Muhammad Salim Sundar, Head of Corporate Communication, MACC.
UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA
Oleh Zulkefle Bin Abd Hamid
Robert Klitgaard (2008) dalam artikelnya yang bertajuk “Universities Have the Responsibility to Tackle the World’s Toughest Problems” menyatakan kajian-kajian mengenai rasuah yang dilakukan di universiti merupakan salah satu daripada wadah yang paling berkesan untuk merungkai kekusutan jenayah keji ini dan “success stories” mengenainya hendaklah dikongsi.
Selaras dengan saranan beliau maka saya sebagai salah seorang daripada lapan pelopor Sarjana Sains Sosial (Pengajian Rasuah), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) yang telah lulus dan dianugerahkan Ijazah Sarjana masing-masing pada 8 Ogos 2010 ingin berkongsi secara ringkas pengalaman sepanjang mengikuti pengajian ini. Daripada lapan orang lulusan tersebut, empat orang daripadanya adalah pegawai dibiayai sepenuhnya oleh Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia (SPRM).
Bermula daripada bulan Julai 2008 hingga Disember 2009, kami telah didedahkan kepada pelbagai tajuk kursus. Pembelajaran adalah melalui kuliah, lawatan pemeriksaan tapak dan lawatan sambil belajar. Tajuk-tajuk kursus yang diajar melalui kuliah adalah seperti Kriminologi; Undang-Undang dan Jenayah Rasuah; Etika, Governan dan Rasuah; dan Penyiasatan dan Pengurusan Rasuah. Forensik Penyiasatan pula merangkumi Forensik Komputer, Forensik Pembinaan dan Forensik Perakaunan. Gambaran sebenar ruang dan peluang perlakuan rasuah dalam bidang pembinaan diperlihatkan kepada kami menerusi lawatan pemeriksaan tapak di Johor Bahru. Bagi Projek Penanda Arasan, kami telah membuat lawatan sambil belajar ke Singapura untuk memahami, mendapatkan idea, mengkaji “best practices” Corrupt Investigation Bureau (CPIB), Singapore Police Force dan Capitaland dalam menyumbang kepada kelestarian Singapura di tangga kelima Corruption Perception Index (CPI).
Sebagai salah sebuah Universiti Penyelidikan di Malaysia, kami diperlukan oleh UKM untuk menyedia dan melaksanakan Projek Penyelidikan Pengajian Rasuah. Tajuk-tajuk tesis berkenaan adalah seperti berikut:-
|1.||Zulkefle Bin Abd Hamid||SPRM||Motif Informer Bekerjasama Dengan Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia: Satu Kajian Kes.|
|2.||Rosdi Bin Hassan||SPRM||Pencarian Maklumat Berkaitan Rasuah: Satu Kajian Exploratory Dalam Kalangan Pegawai Penyiasat Bahagian SiasatanIbu Pejabat SPRM Putrajaya.|
|3.||Jamil Bin Mohd Dahalan||SPRM||Program-Program Pencegahan Rasuah Di Bawah SPRM: Satu Kajian.|
|4.||Ab Muneim Bin Ibrahim||SPRM||Prosedur Pelucuthakan Harta Mengikut Akta Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia 2009.|
|5.||Liong Sau Lai||PDRM||PDRM dan Jenayah Rasuah Dalam Kalangan Pegawai Rendah Polis.|
|6.||Abdul Halim Bin Yaacob||PDRM||Skim Kawalan Disiplin dan Dadah: Peranan Penyelia Terhadap Subordinat.|
|7.||Nor Yatimah Bte Yamin||TNB||Peranan dan Fungsi Penggerak Etika: Kajian Kes Dalam Memerangi Isu Rasuah.|
|8.||Tahir Bin Khalib||Pesara SPRM||Pengalaman Pengadu Bekerjasama Lagi Dengan SPRM: Satu Kajian Kes.|
Rintisan ini diharap akan menjadi pemangkin kepada pembangunan diri kami sebagai modal insan dan seterusnya memberi manfaat kepada organisasi masing-masing.
by : UKM Newsportal
UKM produced first corruption busters at Masters level
Tuesday, 10 August 2010 18:21
By Abdul Ghani Nasir
BANGI, 10 AUGUST, 2010 – The fight against corruption has been given more bite with eight officers getting their Master’s degree in Corruption Studies from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia today.
Each of the graduates carried out detailed studies on every aspect of corruption dan learned more about the scourge. Is it hoped that their studies, analysis and visits to a foreign country will make them better equipped, more analytical and capable while being more sensitive when carrying out their duties. This is the first such programme here.
Those receiving their degrees were Jamil bin Mohd Dahalan, Zulkefle bin Abd Hamid, Ab Muneim bin Ibrahim, Tahir bin Khalib, Rosdi bin Hassan, Abdul Halim bin Yacob, Nor Yatimah binti Yamin and Liong Sau Lai. Except for Tahir, 59, who is retired and studied to increasing his knowledge, seven of his classmates are still working.
Jamil, 43, served the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Agency for 20 years and came back to UKM after studying for his bachelor’s degree in business administartion.
The task of fighting corruption is always attractive to him as his father is a former soldier who instilled disipline in his son. For this thesis Jamil wrote about the various programes formulated by SPRM to fight corruption and hoped the commission would be given responsibility of prosecution.
He, however, admitted that in every prosecuting case, they must not be any doubt and every case should be ‘water-tight’.
Nor Yatimah, 43, who possessed a diploma in public administration is now pursuing a bachelor’s degree in juirspudence resolved to fight corruption in the country.
She wrote a thesis – Roles and functions of whistle blowers: Case studies especially in combating corruption.
Whistle blowers, she said, is a concept with regards to efforts to expose malpractices, misconduct, practices and/ or omission and not lawful which happened in an organisation.
With this regards the sincerity of the informer to expose corrupt practices of someone is very important to expedite investigation.
Nor Yatimah felt everybody should hate and feel ashamed in being corrupt in order to ensure our country is free from corruption.
One of the subject in their studies is benchmarking which requires them to go to Singapore to study how the Police Force, Capital Land (a GLC company) and the CPIB, the agency which investigates corruption in the republic helps the goverment there to fight corruptices.
Zulkefle, 43, told how the former Prime Minsiter of Singapore, Lee Kuan Yew willingly allowed the CPIB to investigate for wrongdoings in their purchasing their houses in the Orchard Road area a few years ago.
Investigations continued despite the fact taht the Prime Minister then, Goh Chok Tong was not that happy with the episode. The CPIB investigations showed no wrongdoings on the part of both Lee and his son, the Deputy PM at that time.
Zulkefle who got his Bachelor of Bussiness Administration degree from Ohio University United State wrote his master’s degree thesis on The Motive of Informers Cooperate with SPRM: A case study.
Assistant Superintendant of Police, Liong Sau Lai, 34,felt that the people will be more confident and support efforts to eradicate corruption when leaders give undivided support and will not compromise.
For an officer who had served the force since 2000, Liong refuted any suggestion that policemen are easy to bribe.
“It this is true most of them should be rich but they are still as they are today with small pay and are not prosperous,’ said the wife of a businessman who wrote a thesis on – PDRM and corruption among the lower ranking policemen.|
Rosdi Hassan, 46 and his colleague Abdul Muneim , 40 felt that corruption were still condoned by some and it eradication needed the co-operation of all if it was to succeed. Rosdi obtained his first degree in education from Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris in 1998. His thesis was – ‘Searching for information concerning corruption: ‘Exploratory study among investigating officers in the investigation division SPRM Headquarters, Putrajaya’.
Muneim who had served SPRM for 13 years wrote his master’s thesis on – ‘Procedures in seizing assets according to the SPRM Act 2009’.
Halim Yaacob, 46 is now more confident in his work at the Police College, Cheras. Halim who is the Head of Religious and Counselling wrote on –‘Controlled Scheme on Discipline and Drugs: The role of Supervisors towards Subordinates’.
Courtesy of TheStar Online
Tuesday July 27, 2010
KUALA LUMPUR: Corruption cases involving civil servants have declined, said Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) deputy chief Datuk Zakaria Jaafar.
This was shown in the figures from 2007 to last year, he said at an anti-corruption drive launched by Federal Territories and Urban Wellbeing Minister Datuk Raja Nong Chik Raja Zainal Abidin yesterday.
Zakaria warned that the giving as well as the taking of bribes were both serious offences and they carried the same punishment.
In his speech, Raja Nong Chik said the campaign, themed We Hate Corruption, serves as a warning to the public that civil servants are not easily bribed and have high integrity.
“Almost 90% of bribe givers are those who had previously committed crime and had faced enforcement action for various offences, including smuggling, illegal logging and mining, distribution and misuse of drugs and human trafficking,” Raja Nong Chik said in his speech.
Raja Nong Chik also said that the campaign, jointly organised by the MACC and Kuala Lumpur City Hall (DBKL), is one of the ways to increase the integrity and efficiency of the civil service, specifically among enforcement officers who largely deal with the public.
Mayor Datuk Seri Ahmad Fuad Ismail said DBKL started its own Integrity Unit in March 2008 to organise integrity strengthening programmes for its officers and staff.
To mark the event, 14 officers from DBKL, the National Anti-Drug Agency (AADK) as well as from the police, immigration and the fire and rescue departments received special MACC awards for integrity.
An anti-corruption exhibition is being held at the Menara DBKL lobby until July 30.
Oleh : MalaysiaKini
Panel Penilaian Operasi SPRM bersetuju dengan cadangan SPRM untuk menutup tiga kertas siasatan kes berprofil tinggi dan tidak mengambil tindakan lanjut.
Pengerusi Panel Penilaian Operasi SPRM, Tan Sri Hadenan Jalil, berkata kes berkenaan adalah membabitkan Menteri Kesihatan, Datuk Seri Liow Tiong Lai; bekas Menteri Pengangkutan, Datuk Seri Ong Tee Keat dan Menteri Besar Selangor, Tan Sri Abdul Khalid Ibrahim.
Panel bersetuju kertas siasatan berkenaan ditutup kerana faktor-faktor tertentu, antaranya tiada saksi.
Dalam kes Ong, bekas presiden MCA itu didakwa menerima derma RM10 juta daripada Tiong King Sing dari Kuala Dimensi.
Kes kedua pula membabitkan kereta jenis Alphard yang diberikan kepada isteri Menteri Kesihatan, Datuk Seri Liow Tiong Lai.
Pada sidang media hari ini, panel itu bersetuju untuk menutup dua kes pertama kerana kekurangan bukti.
Bagi kes yang membabitkan Khalid pula, panel beranggapan tiada amalan rasuah kerana ia adalah majlis orang ramai.
Sejak kita dihidangkan dengan cerita-cerita panas berhubung kerakusan si pencuri pasir di Selangor, terdapat juga beberapa suara-suara sumbang yang menggesa SPRM untuk mengambil tindakan segera ke atas kes ini.
Kenapa dan mengapa SPRM pula digesa untuk mengambil tindakan segera ke atas isu pasir ini? Mengapa tidak digesa dan dihentam agensi-agensi yang sepatutnya bertanggungjawab terus perihal isu kecurian pasir ini, contohnya Exco yang terbabit, Pejabat Tanah dan Galian (PTG), Majlis Daerah, Pejabat daerah, Jabatan Alam Sekitar, PDRM dan Jabatan Pengangkutan Jalan.
Mengapa bila kes penjualan arak di negeri Selangor suatu ketika dulu, beberapa Exco Selangor dilihat menjadi hero mengeluarkan pelbagai kenyataan dan turut turun padang. Kenapa pula bila melibatkan isu pasir, semuanya senyap macam tikus mondok? Atau mereka ini sebenarnya cuba menjaga periuk nasi masing-masing. Mana pergi Exco-Exco yang dulunya melenting tak tentu hala seperti Ronnie Liu, Elizabeth Wong dan Theresa Kok. Mengapa berdiam sahaja YB? Apakah isu pasir ini tidak penting, tiada elemen national interest dan tidak ada news value untuk diperjuangkan.
Kenapa YB Kapar turut berdiam diri sejak pendedahan yang dibuat di media kononnya banyak sangat bukti-bukti yang melibatkan amalan rasuah dalam syarikat yang dilantik Kerajaan Selangor bagi urusan pasir. Di mana dan apakah tindakan yang dibuat oleh Kerajaan Negeri dalam soal ini? Kenapa didiamkan sahaja? Jika tiada penyelewengan dan rasuah sebagaimana yang didakwa YB Kapar, kepada kecurian pasir ini dilihat semakin berleluasa.
Bagi agensi-agensi kerajaan yang disebutkan di atas, mengapa berdiam diri dan takut bertindak? Adakah mulut, kaki dan tangan kalian semua diikat oleh pihak-pihak terlibat bagi mengelakkan sebarang tindakan. Di mana letakkan nya maruah diri, integriti dan kredibiliti agensi-agensi yang terlibat yang jelas membayangkan mereka bersekongkol dengan pencuri-pencuri pasir ini.
Tindakan YB Yaakop Sapari menahan lori-lori pasir yang bergerak pada sebelah malam di Puchong amat dipuji. Mana perginya penguatkuasaan? Mana perginya JPJ atau PDRM? Bukankah peraturan jelas memperuntukkan masa tertentu untuk pergerakan lori-lori pengangkut pasir ini. Takkanlah Ketua Setiausaha Negara sendiri kena turun padang untuk jalankan operasi khas. Tan Sri KSN wajar ambil tindakan tegas ke atas Ketua-Ketua Jabatan berkaitan kerana gagal menjalankan amanah yang dipertanggungjawabkan dan turut bersekongkol dengan penjenayah.
Kes kecurian pasir bukan tugas hakiki SPRM. Tidak ada pun dalam undang-undang SPRM 2009 memperuntukkan kuasa SPRM untuk siasat kes kecurian pasir. Diharapkan SPRM tidak menyahut gesaan pihak-pihak terbabit untuk siasat kes pasir kerana selama ini pun ada antara suara-suara sumbang mengatakan semua tindakan SPRM berkaitan pasir khususnya di Selangor adalah konspirasi untuk jatuhkan Kerajaan Negeri.
Mengapalah isu-isu kecurian pasir ini tidak begitu kronik di lain-lain negeri yang terlibat seperti Perak dan Johor. Ini kerana Kerajaan Perak dan Johor amat serius mengambil langkah pencegahan terhadap isu ini dengan memanggil semua agensi-agensi yang terlibat untuk duduk semeja bagi mengatasinya. Bukan macam Selangor yang asyik berpolitik sehingga semua tindakan dianggap konspirasi cuba jatuhkan mereka. Adakah rasuah yang dimasukkan ke dalam akaun dan perkhidmatan seks yang diterima dianggap konspirasi juga? Semasa terima duit dan buat maksiat tidak terfikir pula bahawa ia berdosa dan konspirasi. Dah habis duit dan lepas merasa baru terasa ia konspirasi. Hanya tuhan sahaja yang tahu apa dalam fikiran mereka yang terlibat. Siapa makan cili dia rasa pedas.
Sungguh mendukacitakan bilamana adanya siasatan kes terhadap ADUN atau ahli Pakatan Rakyat khasnya daripada Negeri Selangor maka akan berlakulah tuduh menuduh, kekecohan dan pelbagai spekulasi jahat yang dimainkan oleh ahli-ahli politik ini.
Bermula dari siasatan kes penyelewengan peruntukan ADUN yang mencalitkan peristiwa hitam, kes kecurian pasir di Selangor sehinggalah kes di mana dua ADUN PR dipanggil semalam untuk memberi keterangan di Mahkamah, semuanya berlaku dalam suasana kecoh dan di manipulasi sepenuhnya oleh golongan ini bagi tujuan mengalih perhatian masyarakat terhadap perbuatan rasuah dilakukan.
Kalau boleh diimbau kembali kes tuntutan palsu beberapa Ahli Dewan Undangan Negeri Kerajaan Negeri Selangor sebelum kematian Teoh Beng Hock di mana beberapa ahli parti politik pembangkang membuat kecoh dan bising bilamana SPRM mengambil tindakan siasatan terhadap ahli-ahli mereka. Pelbagai kenyataan media dikeluarkan dengan niat untuk memutar belitkan fakta dan menegak keadilan kononnya.
Modal yang sama diheboh-hebohkan iaitu SPRM bertindak atas arahan Kerajaan Barisan Nasional dan ingin menjatuhkan Kerajaan Selangor. Dalam siasatan kes pasir juga, modal yang sama digunakan iaitu tindakan SPRM tidak adil dan atas arahan pihak tertentu. Cubalah jangan terlalu melatah dan cuba mengalih pandangan orang ramai terhadap isu sebenarnya iaitu rasuah. Biarlah SPRM menjalankan tugasnya. Janganlah diletakkan apa-apa tekanan dan cubaan mengalih pandangan masyarakat.
Saya berpendapat bahawa kes curi pasir ini tiada kaitan dengan cubaan memerangkap sesiapa pun. Seramai 34 orang telah ditangkap di seluruh negara dan ia bukan hanya Selangor tetapi termasuk lain-lain negeri seperti yang dilaporkan di akhbar termasuk Perak, Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur, Pahang dan Johor. Adakah dengan tangkapan di empat negeri lain, SPRM cuba jatuhkan Kerajaan negeri-negeri terbabit juga?
Adalah lebih baik kita membiarkan SPRM menjalankan tugasnya hingga selesai kita nantikan apa cerita sebenar dalam perbicaraan kelak. Janganlah kita membuat apa-apa komen hanya kerana takut bayang-bayang sendiri dan membuat dosa lain termasuk menipu dan memutar belitkan cerita.
SPRM sering dijadikan mangsa cacian dan kecaman kumpulan ini. SPRM dituduh sebagai alat parti pemerintah dan setiap kes yang melibatkan ahli-ahli Pakatan Rakyat maka ia adalah konspirasi jahat Kerajaan BN.
Adakah ADUN mahupun ahli-ahli politik Pakatan Rakyat ini sebenarnya kebal dari segi undang-undang sehingga tidak boleh langsung disiasat dan disentuh oleh pihak berkuasa?
Selama ini merekalah antara kumpulan yang melaung-laungkan slogan anti-rasuah. Namun apabila ada sahaja antara mereka yang disiasat, maka ia adalah konspirasi dan pakatan jahat untuk menjatuhkan Kerajaan Selangor.
Sedarlah wahai pengikut-pengikut setia PR bahawa anda semua sedang diperbodoh dan diperkuda oleh segelintir pemimpin-pemimpin politik yang bertopengkan agama yang kononnya memperjuangkan prinsip keadilan, sedangkan hakikatnya mereka adalah kumpulan manusia yang begitu lapar mengejar kuasa dan mengaut rasuah tanpa mengira punca.
Sungguh dikesalkan kerana apabila sahaja dipanggil untuk memberikan keterangan maka media digunakan sebagai saluran untuk menaburkan fitnah. Tindakan ini jika diteliti jelas menggambarkan bahawa mereka sebenarnya takut kepada bayang-bayang sendiri.
Selama ini sekiranya ada di antara Menteri atau ahli-ahli politik daripada Kerajaan BN yang diminta datang ke pejabat SPRM tidak timbul pula kekecohan atau fitnah yang mengatakan bahawa tindakan SPRM adalah konspirasi PR untuk jatuhkan Kerajaan BN. Mengapa begitu, tepuk dada tanyalah selera.
Anti Pakatan Rasuah
Very disappointing when there is an investigation of the case against the Pakatan Rakyat Assemblyman or its member in particular from the Selangor State, rumours and speculations that MACC is being use to topple the Selangor’s government starts spread.
This group often makes MACC victims of malicious talk and critique. MACC was always accused, as a tool for the ruling party (Barisan Nasional) to topple the Pakatan Rakyat Government and all cases involving members of the Pakatan Rakyat is an evil conspiracy of BN’s Government.
Is the Assemblyman or members of Pakatan Rakyat are actually above the law and could not be investigated by the authorities?
Starting from the investigations of the Assemblyman annual budget fraud, black sand theft cases until the case in which the two PR Assembly were called to give their statements in MACC Headquarters recently, it all happened in a commotion and completely manipulated by this group for the purpose of trying to divert public attention to the acts of corruption committed.
If you can look back again a few cases of false claims of the State Legislative Assembly prior to the death of Teoh Beng Hock in which some members of opposition political parties to make commotion and noise when the EC to take action to investigate their members. Various media statement issued with the intent to distort the facts and vertical belitkan allegedly justice.
The same capital-hebohkan diheboh the EC to act on the direction of the Barisan Nasional and want to overthrow the Government of Selangor. In the investigations of sand as well, the use of capital that is not fair and EC action on the instructions given. Try not to melatah and try to shift public opinion on the issue of actual corruption. Let MACC perform its duties. Do not put any pressure and attempts to move the view of society.
I think that this sand theft case has nothing to do with trying to trap anyone. A total of 34 people were arrested across the country and it is not only Singapore but also to other states as reported in newspapers, including Perak, Kuala Lumpur Federal Territory, Pahang and Johor. Is the arrest of four other states, the EC tried to put the Government of the States concerned as well?
It is better we keep carrying out his duties until the completion of the MACC, we anticipated that the real story on the trial later. Let us not make any comment because of fear of the shadows of their own and make other sins, including cheating and play belitkan story.
Yea, O faithful followers of PR that you all are diperbodoh and diperkuda by some political leaders who were supposed to fight religious bertopengkan principles of justice, when in fact they are very hungry group of people who pursue power and reap corruption, regardless of source.
Really regretted that the only witness called to testify he used the media as a means to sprinkle the trial. This action clearly illustrates that if examined they are afraid of their own shadows.
So far, if any of the Minister or the politicians of the BN Government is asked to come to the office of the EC does not arise is chaos or turmoil that says that the EC action is to drop the conspiracy PR BN Government. Why then, ask the chest pat appetite.
The Malaysian Police Force, most of time being called as man in blue, are well trained with much emphasize on values and integrity. These individuals are willingly sacrificing their selves to safe guard the community and nation. They put duty a head of their family and leisure. Nevertheless, there are a handful few who do not uphold the integrity instilled in themselves, by involving in a number of activities especially corruption for self gain. This rare breed has tarnished the good names of the force. Otherwise, in totality these lots were the nation’s heroes who are there to keep peace and order.
Due to the rare cases of corruption involving a small number of individuals in the force, these lots were perceived to be corrupted without exceptions. When a traffic cop stops a motorist for traffic offences, he is perceived to trying to obtain gratification. Likewise, when there are activities or incidences of gambling, illegal lottery, punters, illegal road racings, house breakings and even drug users then again these lots were accused of being corrupt. Not many of the civil society blame the culprits but the Police.
The Police force themselves are to be blame for the misconstrued facts for not enforcing the law empowered to them. They seem to have not taken actions against many law-breakers. The public expects the Police force to wipe out crime, illegal lottery, loan sharks, prostitution dens, illegal massage parlours, drug pushers so on and so forth. Even though in reality, they have been successfully solving many crimes and illegal activities but in the eyes of the public they had not done enough due to the many criminal and illegal activities in the surroundings of the neighbourhood. There are still drug addicts loitering in the neighbourhood, there are thefts, house breakings, illegal road racings, prostitute dens, night clubs and karaoke with many immigrants while the force had been approved with addition manpower, upgrading of ranks of their personnel, new vehicles, new stations and even fund allocations. These new and additional resources did not commensurate with what they have done since.
One can see many banners and advertisements or even leaf-lets and fliers being hanged or distributed on loans with hand-phone numbers for the potential borrowers. The public perceive these advertisements are by loan sharks but the Police seem had not been able to apprehend them or they themselves are in the take. Thus, the Police force has no other choice but work harder to eradicate all these criminal and illegal activities.
The Police force must not only be effective in fighting crimes but must also be seen and felt really effective by the public. The public will only perceive that the force is effective if they feel safe, if there are no criminal or illegal activities in their neighbourhood and of course if the personnel do not involve in malpractices.
Sometimes back in late April 2010, the Inspector General of Police and other head of enforcement agencies on the initiative of the MACC had signed a pledge to fight the givers. Likewise, all the State Police Chief had done the same in their respective states. The MACC prior to the ceremony and subsequent to the signing of the pledge had announced through radio, television and print medias that they had launched a campaign in the fight against the givers. The public had been warned not to try to bribe the civil servants especially the enforcement personnel. However, there are not many news on the arrest of the bribe givers that had been reported especially cases of alleged offering of bribes to Police personnel. There had not been many charges for offences of bribery to Police personnel.
Check with the MACC showed that for year 2010 till mid June there were about 144 arrests made against the givers of bribe. The statistics showed that there were 38 arrests by the headquarters, 32 in Johore, 17 in Negeri Sembilan, 9 each in Selangor and Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur, 8 in Pahang, 7 in Perak, 4 each in Kedah, Penang and Sabah, 3 each in Labuan, Sarawak and Malacca, 2 in Terengganu, 1 in Perlis and none in Kelantan. Analysis made on the total number of arrest showed only 80 out of the 144 arrests were related to Police. 58 arrests were for bribery involving traffic offences, 9 were for trying to avoid criminal charges, 10 for drug related offences and 3 involving theft.
Surely the 80 arrests made related to bribery to Police personnel is not acceptable when compared to the total number of the force manpower which is around 800,000 and worst still when there were no arrest made by the police in most of the states. Are we going to say that there were no attempts to bribe Police personnel? Otherwise, the public is given no other choice but to perceive that the Police personnel are still in the take or corrupted. This fact can easily be confirmed by a simple survey from a sample of respondent questioned if they had ever offered or even given bribe to police to avoid being taken action for offences that warrants an action by the police.
In comparison, there were still many numbers of arrests against police personnel for offences of corruption. Till date, the MACC has reported a total of 45 arrests against police personnel for various malpractices. This shows that the police is not sincere in the fight against corruption. They were in fact not shown any indications that they are really serious in eradicating corruption within the force. They seem do not care if they were labelled as ‘corrupted lots’.
The revealed statistics shows that either the police are not serious in the fight against corruption or they were reluctant to arrest or report any offers of corruption for not wanting to loose their ‘corrupt’ incomes. This view is further confirmed by a recent exposure by the TV3 crew on granite Lorries alleged monthly payments of RM300.00 for a sticker that assures no action by the enforcement agencies which includes the police and the Road Transport Department. Many news highlights showed that the police only reports corruption when it conducts joint operations with the MACC. Without the presence of the MACC officers it seems there were no offers of bribe to them. There were only a significant number of arrests made by the police themselves against the givers of bribe.
The Inspector General of Police and the Chief Police Officers of the states have to issue directives to their subordinates to not hesitate to make arrest against any bribe givers. They even can make it compulsory for every contingent to make sure a certain number of arrests were reported monthly. The contingents that reports the most number of arrest against the bribe givers shall be given a recognition by letters of appreciation. Such contingents should also be rewarded with extra fund allocations for their welfare and enhancing facilities either to the stations or living quarters.
The police have no other choice but to report as many bribery attempts as possible to avoid perception that they were corrupted lots. Reporting attempts of bribery will give a new image to the police and the public will surely support the force in their fight against crime. The public has shined away from reporting crime or to tip off the police on any criminal activities because they distrust the police integrity. Further more when reports or information given to the police were not taken action and sometimes the informants were harassed by the criminals.
Police integrity and accountability is the utmost value that will ensure a wind of change towards the perception against the force.
Menjawab soalan yang ditimbulkan, rasuah satu jenayah, kenapa dipolittikkan. Rasuah bukan sekadar jenayah, dia lebih kepada itu, dia ada perkiraan syurga dan neraka. Kewujudan SPRM adalah untuk nak bawak orang masuk syurga.
Dalam Islam adalah jelas dimana yang memberi dan menerima rasuah, tempatnya adalah NERAKA. Saya tidak fikir, meraka yang duduk di SPRM itu hendak menempah diri untuk masuk neraka. Meraka hanya menjalankan tugas mereka. Namun kini, semua perkara sudah dipolittikkan.
Kini, di Negara kita ini , lebih kepada sifat perkauman. Politik adalah berkaitan dengan persepsi. Bagaimana kita menganalisa sesuatu isu itu. Kita tidak berasas kepada what is right what is wrong tetapi memilih untuk menuding jari dan mencari who is right, who is wrong. Sepatutnya kita mencari apa yang benar, apa yang salah dan dibincangkan. Bukannya menyerang keturunan kita sampai ke liang lahad!!!
Kajian persepsi kaum Cina terhadap SPRM :
- Sprm tidak bebas dan dikongkong kerajaan
- Kuasa pendakwaan SPRM berat sebelah dan tidak bebas
- Pendakwaan hanya tertumpu kepada pembangkang
- Attacking the opposition means attacking the Chinese
- SPRM Bunuh TBH
- SPRM dera saksi
- Kes2 profil tinggi senyap hanya tertumpu kepada kes ikan bilis
- Selective investigation
- Selective prosecution
Negara Malaysia menduduki tangga ke 40an negara membangun. Sepatutnya kita melihat pada kebaikan yang ada itu bukan hanya mencari keburukan. Apabila SPRM buka sesuatu siasatan terhadap sesuatu kes, biarkan ia berjalan. Mengapa kita perlu menjadi HAKIM sebelum keputusan dikeluarkan??. Mengapa kita perlu menjadi hakim??, kenapa kita perlu membakar sentiment?, BIARKAN IA BERJALAN DAHULU.
Begitulah sedikit sebanyak kupasan daripada salah seorang ahli panel pada Forum Akademik berkenaan Rasuah satu JENAYAH, Mengapa Dipolitikkan yang telah diadakan pada 15 Julai 201, anjuran UiTM Shah Alam.
By : Munir Moosa Sewani
There is not a single appropriate definition of corruption, because every one has their own interpretation, and we all have intellectual openness to think of it according to our own intellect level. I guess the word corruption itself is corrupted due to which; we can’t find the appropriate definition of it.
In my view,
“Corruption is the devastation of someone’s faithfulness through improper mean, like by giving up bribery or using an influential power to attain goals. Corruption means to ditch a grave of our values, integration and dignity.”
The fact is that, all the countries are/were its prey for sure, and we all have to come across this word, now or then in our lives. In the recent years, this word has brought the whole new scenario in our lives. As the time is passing, corruption is increasing, even though the political leaders and the countries are trying to reduce it, but the fact cannot be changed, that it’s a hard nut to crack
Governments, just for the private put on misuse nation’s property without thinking that they have been given some responsibilities to take care of their country like a mother. We are like a child of our country, but unfortunately, corrupted peoples are behaving like our step mother, depolarizing us from the rights, which we should get. Moreover, not only governments, but the powerful peoples are also using their influence to get the things done which they want, on the basis of their supremacy power.
It’s obvious, that if a government is corrupted, the whole nation will be corrupted. Corruption is not only present in governments, but it’s the root cause of every wrong action in private sectors also.
Corruption has ruined my life and many like me have also been affected by corruption in their lives for sure. Bitterly speaking, corruption is going on every where, and the whole world is corrupted. It’s not just the part and parcel of the superior class societies only, but it belongs to all the societies, nations and countries.
If any one asserts, that the corruption is no more in their country, then I would have a uncertainty, because corruption is an ongoing and an endless process. If it ends on one side, it begins its cycle from the other side.
All individuals are corrupted in today modern world, and I m so ill-fated to be the part of it. My whole life, my wishes, my goals and determination in the past and still in the present have been affected totally due to corruption in our country.
People are loosing their dignity for this shameful act and I was puzzled to face many of the corrupted people in my life.
I sometimes think that Why me the part of facing corruption? Why us the part of corruption? Who will listen to our pleadings, when the whole world is corrupted? Why the corrupted people are ruining our lives?
The autonomy to live in the recent years has been snatched from us, and now the life, which we want to spend, is also guided by corrupted people.
Who will end this?
From the specialized doctors to the policemen, from the great politicians to the ordinary civil servant, every one is corrupted in our country.
Corruption started in my life when I was born. Yes, I was an infant and could not judge that what is going on around me. But my father told me, that when I was about to come in this world, the hospital head asked my dad to give extra money in order to admit my mother in a stern condition as there was not a single other hospital nearby, which could offer an urgent delivery. My mom was dying of labor pain, but the head of hospital insisted my father to give extra money as a bribe, and thus my family was forced to be the part of corruption.
Lately, when I was 3 years old, my father decided that I should be admitted to a good English medium school. My admission was not granted in a good school. The school asked my father to give a donation (which was a new form of taking bribe) of about 25,000 rupees. My father admitted me in that school by fulfilling their demand; else I guess that I would have studied in a local school.
I still remember that one of my 6th standard teachers always asked us to give her lunch, and often asked us to tell our mothers to send gifts for her. I was a bit shy student and what corruption is, was little bit known to me so far. But I was very much sure that the teacher was trying to black mailing us. I was fed up from her day-to-day threats.
Once, I visited my Principal and without thinking of my future outcomes, I told him the whole scenario. The Principal called my parents and he told my parent that your child was suspecting and pointing out the flaws in our reputable teacher. But I commented in between, which made my Principal angry. I raised my voice because though I was shy, but not an insane to keep my voice down in front of those reputable people, who call themselves reputed person in society, but in real, are corrupted. My father handled that situation and he warned me not to speak any single word against any teacher from the next time. It was the first time I was motivated to elucidate the real scenario to my Principal, but Alas! My Principal I guess was also corrupted.
The very next day, I was severely beaten by that teacher. She also passed me with the lowest marks in her subject.
This is how the threats are given, when someone wants to raise their voice in any organization, because no body is ready to accept their mistakes and no body is willing to bring changes in this world.
Later on after two years, our Principal was hurled out by the ABC board, because he was caught red handed taking a bribe from someone, who wanted admission of their child in that school. It’s truly said,
“To reach the highest always start with the lowest.”
And my lowest starting was raising my voice at that crucial time. My first action against a wrong deed was not appreciated, but still it gives me immense contentment that at least, I raised my voice and God did justice with me.
Next, when I was in my ninth standard, I worked day and night to pass my examination with flying colors. I got only 81% marks in all the subjects, even though I was expecting the highest of all. I went to our board office and filled a form to scrutinize my papers. The man on the counter asked me, that if I would offer him at least 10,000 rupees, then he would help me to increase my marks through the process of scrutiny. He told me that scrutinize would not help me at all. It’s just a formal form to fill, but the result will not be changed. He also showed me few of his customers, who were about my age and had increased their marks by giving bribe. I was stunned. I was rightly called that man corrupted, because at that level I knew that what corruption was? I went out from there and lost my dedication for studies for the next year.
Corruption is like WHITE ANT, which is surely emptying the dignity of our country. Any ways, I boosted my self, and again worked hard in my 10th standard and this year, I was expecting to get good marks. Alas! I got the same 81% result. But the news was not appalling for me, because I came to know that in the past too, many of the students, who had work hard, got the lowest marks in their exams. This is the fact of our education system and corruption is the only reason that our country education level is not up to mark as yet.
I always dreamt to be a doctor and it was my wish to get into that field after completing my Intermediate. When the time came to get into the best college, I filled out the form, but I was not selected. The reason was given that the final closure of the %age was 81.5% and I had 81.4%. I waited for a year to apply for the admission in the same college. Next year I applied and I was also selected, but the officials during the last process of fees submission told me, that I have to pay 25,000 rupees, if I want to get admission in that college as I had completed my matriculation one year back and according to the rules, I cannot get admission in that college. I asked them that where such rule is written? If that was the rule, then why I was selected? I also claimed that most of the students in your college are mature and I know few of them as well who had been admitted in this college by offering bribe. I was right and that is the only reason, which made their mouth shut. The rangers, who despite of helping me hurled me out, hurled me out. Raising voice and insolent is two different aspects, and I just raised my voice against wrong people and I did what I felt was right.
Why no one wants to raise his or her voice? Why every one fears to face the realities? Who will change the lives of those who are ruining their future just because of corruption? These questions are still unanswered.
My dreams started ruining and thus, I was totally shocked. My aunt agreed to gave bribe, which they had asked for. Even though she was the government professor, she agreed to get into corruption for the sake of my admission. But my ethics, did not allow me to do such wrong act, and thus, I finally took admission as an external student.
I decided to give all the papers in English medium standard, but I was informed by my aunt that if I will give paper in English medium, then I might face difficulties, as the checkers were mostly Urdu (Mother Tongue of Pakistan) medium. I gave all the papers in English, but her prediction was right. I secured lowest marks in two subjects in my first year. I decided to visit controller of examination. At that time, I was quiet assured to do something to catch such corrupted people. I took my handy voice recorder and talked to the controller that I want to see my papers to know the mistakes I have done.
It’s the rule in most of the countries that the papers are not given back to any student after checking. Board only issues Marks Statement. The controller of examination yelled on me and also used abusive language and told his guard to hurl me out.
The whole verbal
abuse was recorded, and thus, I directly visited the top rated news paper agency and gave them that recorded voice cassette, so that they could publish the recorded material in black and white.
I was quiet pleased this time that at least I had raised my voice nationally against such corrupted people. The next day, I saw the newspaper having no such news. I called them and they didn’t recognize and blocked my phone number.
This is what reality is! When some one tries to face the corrupted people and want to raise voice against them to expose such corrupted people, the other so called slaves of corrupted people tries to halt truths; but anyhow, I contacted the local newspapers, and the article was published against their ill-behavior after few weeks. I got overwhelming hold from many people, and was quiet assured that might be our government will take some action against high officials.
After few weeks, that controller was hurled out of his duty and I took sigh of relieve that at least my efforts were not useless.
I completed my Intermediate with flying colors and secured fifth position all over my city. At that time, I was given the golden opportunity in our city press club, to tell my views and opinions concerning Intermediate Board. That was the golden chance for me and I exposed all the realities and problems, which I had faced. On the very next day, my name with interview was published in most of the newspapers of our country. Some newspapers edited my words shrewdly, but any how, I got the support and appreciation from most of the people of our country.
I was awarded 500 rupees a month by intermediate board for 2 years as a scholarship for enduring further studies. That scholarship money was not given to me for a year. I visited them hundreds of time, but sometimes, they were unavailable or sometimes, they refused my application making lame excuses.
But, after a year had passed, I wrote a letter to the Minister of our city about the wrong attitude of the board office officials and thanks to the Minister that my scholarship money was given to me in just a week.
It’s truly said that when the things are not given to us properly, we should use an alternate path to get it.
I decided to do Bachelors in Information Technology
. Though it was a new field for me but I was interested in that. So I applied in ABC university and bitterly enlightening the truth as a true human, that I saw the head teachers of that university, involved in taking bribe. I missed the scene as I didn’t have any shooting camera.
I was selected in that university, but I hate corruption and wanted them to be caught red handed. I visited the Principal of that university, seeking help. I told him all the matter which I had seen. He bitterly denied my sayings and told me that that I should forget whatever I had seen; else I would not be granted permission to start my course. That man was also corrupted. I knew that if I will raise voice against them, I might not get admission in other universities as well. I did nothing, but even then, my admission was rejected.
I did nothing against that corrupted university, but started writing articles in one daily newspaper against such burning issues, which no one had raised. Many times, my articles were rejected, but sometimes, I manage to find a column to speak truths. I was also paid remuneration by them, which helped me to complete my graduation level studies. I decided to complete my graduation examination as an external candidate (DISTANCE LEARNING).
When I got admission in my graduation as an external candidate, I met a Navy officer. He was in army, but how he was admitted in such a patriotic job; still I suspect.
That person asked my name. I didn’t reveal my true name in front of him. He told me that if I want, I can help him out in performing illegal acts and in return, he would help me to pass my graduation with flying colors. What he wanted is shocking for me to explain here. I ran off from there and didn’t contact him ever. I met him few times and also told this scenario to our respected policeman’s. They told me that they can’t help me else they would be hurled out of their job, if they take any action against that senior official.
All the governments are yelling that if any citizen wants, they can file a case against corrupted people, but when any one takes action, governments become deaf and dumb, until and unless an influential leader case against them, on which government responds utmost.
When we seek help from government officials, we are never given a chance to speak. Is this what a democracy is? Is this what a civilized society is? Where should we go? From where should we seek help? I can’t face and dealt with all kinds of corruption alone and thus I lost my will power. I decided not to raise my voice against corruption any more, because it would only affect me and no one will give me helping hand against them ever. But fight against corruption was in my blood. I was determined again and I started raising my voice at least to make a bit of difference.
While I was completing my graduation, my father got heart attack, and he was admitted to one hospital. I was quiet sure that without bribe or source, we will not be able to get loan or welfare. We applied for the concession, but it was not granted. The cost for Angioplasty was not in our budget. My father was every thing to me and this time I contacted my father’s friend, who could help us out to get some welfare through his source. He helped us out and thus I was corrupted. Yes I was involved in the corruption to save my fathers life. We all are not angel. If the system is not running effectively in our country then, a normal being like me should not be blamed for using such influential power for getting welfare.
I was corrupted or not, that this whole world should decide, but I guess my decision at that time was right and enough to save my father’s life.
It’s not that only corruption has affected me, this is how corruption has affected the whole societies and the entire nations. Today corruption rules the world rather than democracy. I decided to apply for an admission in a foreign university and for that purpose, one needs passport, which I had to apply for. The whole rush of fake people outside passport office and taking bribe in front of police officer was appalling. They told me that they will make my passport without standing in a queue within 3 days, but they asked me to pay 500 rupees extra, for availing this chance. I was loyal, so I applied by standing in a line.
Despite of getting passport in a month, I got my passport after 3 months from the passport office. I thought what to do against such corrupted people outside the passport office. I visited police station nearby and told them the whole scenario. Thank God that I found at least one loyal police officer there, who trusted me. On the next day when I came there, the numbers of illegal passport makers were about 80% reduced. I came to know that police man had beaten many people and took many under custody for doing such illegal act. Bravo! I fought against corruption.
While I applied for an admission in foreign university, I also thought to do some job. I went to give an interview. The interviewee asked me to show my profile and all the documents. He liked my confidence and skills and told me to wait outside until all the candidates give their interviews. The man sitting just beside me asked me about my interview. I told that my chances to get this job is 99%; but he laughed and told me that he has come here with a letter of his father, who is working in Government sector. Lately, he got a job, but I knew the bitter truth that why he was selected. I can’t do any thing there, but I went inside an interviewee office and yelled, “Is this the lesson you have learnt in your life?”
All the people gathered nearby, and I gave a lecture to that corrupted interviewee that how he has played with all the candidates, just because of one person, who showed him a dominant letter. I didn’t gain anything, but while I was going out, few of the workers told me that, it’s common and they knew this fact, but they were working, because they have to earn their living at any cost to support their family, which has tied their tongue.
I got a letter for a foreign university to show financial statement. We were unable to meet this requirement due to which, my admission was rejected.
Without wasting any time, I applied for my Masters in our city university. I was happy to get admission as a regular candidate. In our second semester, our respected Principal came to us and told us to give 5000 rupees each as a donation, so that the department could buy Air conditioners. Our Principal was our subject teacher too, so he told us that, those students, who will tender this donation, will pass their examination with good marks in his subject for sure. I lately visited The Vice Chancellor of University but he was not ready to trust me. Well, I didn’t give that amount, but was succeeded to get at least 70% marks in that subject. Later on, I came across two universities officials, who offered me a huge sum of money, in order to give graduation paper of other student. They were experts in making fake admit cards too. I was very clever and I lied to give the paper. I saw my admit card with my photo, but the data filled was not mine. Shockingly, the stamp of The Controller of Examination was also embossed on that admit card. Finally, I got that prove, which I showed to our university chancellor on the day of fake paper. That day, he trusted me and finally, those two officials were taken out of that university.
My 2007 resolution was to join hands with my friends to fight against corruption on our own. Few of my friends along with me are very much against corruption going on in our country. So we decided to form Anti-corruption Team. We asked the people via e-mails and phones to submit us complains, which will be kept confidential and we have received many complains till date. We are preparing a report and in the end of June, we’ll submit this report to the Minister of our country or else if I will get this International Platform, I would love to expose the real corruption cases of this world through media exposure.
I hope that many of the people like me are facing such corruption in their daily lives. At least my impact could prepare my students, to whom I am teaching as a private tutor and as a religion teacher, against corruption. My students, their family members and my friends and family always encourage my thinking and my initiatives.
At least, they can learn through my live examples of struggling and fighting against corruption and could prepare themselves to face such tackling situations properly.
My articles and my day to day examples of fight against corruption, is always imparted by me to others, which boosts their thinking and raise their intellectual too to work as a team to raise voice against corruption.
I have also helped many of my friends and the people who have co-operated with me to fight against corruption by confidentially writing letters to our Government officials.
I have also worked voluntary with one newspaper to focus and impart the cases against corruption through my writing.
I can improve my impact only if people, especially International institution would give me a chance to raise my voice by joining hands with me together to fight against corruption. I can also improve my impact by joining Government in the future, so that I could eradicate the roots of corruption under my supervision.