Posts Tagged abu kassim

Insan Yang Akauntabilitinya Tinggi

Daripada blog : Kekanda Satria http://kekandasatria.blogspot.my/2016/06/insan-yang-akauntabilitinya-tinggi.html 

Hari ini banyak diperkatakan mengenai isu yang melibatkan integriti terutamanya dalam kalangan penjawat awam. Isu penyalahgunaan kuasa, pecah amanah, rasuah, penyelewengan walaupun dilakukan oleh segelintir individu penjawat awam namun tempiasnya tetap terkena kepada keseluruhan penjawat awam yang berada di negara ini.

Apa yang kita faham dengan integriti? Adakah Integriti secara umumnya adalah kualiti unggul yang wujud secara keseluruhan dan padu pada individu dan sesebuah organisasi. Isu integriti berkait rapat dengan isu etika dan nilai-nilai murni dalam diri seseorang dan sesebuah organisasi.

Masih ingat dengan Setiausaha bahagian kewangan Kementerian Belia dan Sukan, Otman Arsahd yang dihadapkan ke Mahkamah Sesyen Kuala Lumpur atas 32 pertuduhan salah guna kuasa dan pemalsuan dokumen membabitkan kerugian dana kerajaan hampir RM40 juta???

Dimana sikap integriti serta akauntabiliti yang perlu ada dalam setiap penjawat awam dalam melaksanakan tugas dan tanggungjawab mereka??? Dimana??

Nilai-nilai integriti yang telah lama disuruh dalam Islam juga perlu dihayati serta diamalkan oleh semua penjawat awam khususnya buat penjawat awam yang beragama Islam. Adakah masih wujud semangat  integriti dalam diri kita sekarang? Atau telah pupus dek masa berlalu?

Ya bagi KS masih ada individu yg dilahirkan untuk menentang jenayah rasuah dan penyelewengan ini.

KS dikhabarkan integriti beliau mula terselah selepas beliau  dilantik sebagai pegawai siasatan, Cawangan Tatatertib, ibu pejabat Badan Pencegah Rasuah (BPR), Kuala Lumpur. Beliau juga pernah bertugas sebagai Ketua Cawangan di BPR Cawangan Sibu.

KS juga difahamkan beliau telah dilantik menjadi timbalan ketua pengarah (Operasi) BPR pada 1 Jun 2007. Kemudian dilantik sebagai pengarah perancangan dan koordinasi dasar, Ibu Pejabat BPR.

Si Polan ini juga dengarnya pernah menjadi pengarah BPR Perak dan Pulau Pinang, Pengarah Akademi Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia dan kerana sikap integriti serta akauntabilitinya, beliau dipinjamkan sebagai ketua pegawai integriti, Amanah Raya Berhad.

Abu Kassim

Abu Kassim

Pada 4 November 2009 , Ketua Setiausaha Negara pada ketika itu, Tan Sri Mohd Sidek Hassan mengumumkan Yang di-Pertuan Agong telah memperkenankan supaya beliau dilantik sebagai ketua Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia menggantikan Datuk Seri Ahmad Said Hamdan. Perlantikan itu berdasarkan peruntukan subseksyen 5(1) Akta Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia 2009 [Akta 694].

Pada tahun 2015, ketokohan beliau terbukti dengan sumbangan beliau dalam bidang pencegahan rasuah khususnya dalam aspek pembaharuan perundangan dan penambahbaikan yang dilakukan. Kejayaaan beliau membentuk plan transformasi SPRM juga membuahkan hasil positif terutama pengukuhan strategi operasi, pengurusan modal insan dan pencegahan rasuah secara agresif di bawah langkah pembaharuan berjaya mengukuhkan kapasiti pencegahan rasuah dan melonjakkan lagi impaknya.02

Beliau telah dianugerahkan Ijazah Doktor Kehormat Undang-Undang sempena Istiadat Konvokesyen, Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM) Ke-82. Ijazah Doktor Kehormat tersebut merupakan anugerah kepada seorang tokoh Bumiputera yang strategis dan berintegriti tinggi dalam menerajui organisasi SPRM. Anugerah itu membolehkan beliau muncul ketua agensi pencegahan rasuah pertama menerima pengiktirafan itu.

Ketokohan beliau semakin terselah selepas Panel International Review Panel (IRP) Daniel Li Ming Chak, bekas Timbalan Pesuruhjaya Akademi Pencegahan Rasuah Antarabaangsa Hong Kong (IACA), menyatakan SPRM mencatat penambahbaikan dari segi sikap terhadap penyiasatan, pencegahan dan mendidik orang ramai mengenai rasuah selepas dibawah kepimpinan beliau.

Hebat sekali beliau…Itulah Tan Sri Abu Kassim Mohamed, insan yang akauntabilitinya tinggi sebagai Ketua Pesuruhjaya SPRM.

SPRM telah melakar pelbagai kejayaan yang signifikan. Kejayaan tidak datang dengan mudah. Pada masa sama, kita tidak boleh berpuas hati dengan pencapaian SPRM.

KS sangat optimis inisiatif-inisiatif yang diperkenalkan menerusi program transformasi operasi, modal insan dan pencegahan akan membuahkan lebih banyak impak positif dalam organisasi SPRM.

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Ingatlah, Rakyat meletakkan harapan yang semakin meningkat ke atas SPRM. Jadi wajarlah SPRM akan mengambil pendekatan-pendekatan baharu dan memperkenalkan strategi-strategi berinovatif serta bersatupadu bagi memerangi rasuah habis-habisan.

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SSM Tandatangani CIP, Bukti Komitmen Berterusan.

Sumber : www.sprm.gov.my/cip-ssm2015.html

KUALA LUMPUR, 10 Mac – Suruhanjaya Syarikat Malaysia (SSM) hari ini menjadi agensi keempat di bawah Kementerian Perdagangan Dalam Negeri, Koperasi dan Kepenggunaan (KPDNKK) yang memeterai Ikrar Integriti Korporat (CIP) sebagai salah satu komitmen berterusan kearah tadbir urus yang berintegriti dan telus.

Menterinya, Dato’ Sri Hasan Malek berkata selain dianggap sebagai bukti komitnen, ikrar ini sejajar dengan inisiatif berterusan SSM dalam konteks memperkasakan integriti di agensi tersebut.

SSM Tandatangani CIP, Bukti Komitmen Berterusan.

SSM Tandatangani CIP, Bukti Komitmen Berterusan.

blog3 blog2 blog1(Galeri Gambar Penuh : http://bit.ly/1Af6hrd )
Rakaman Sidang Media : http://youtu.be/FdX2t_F9QQw )

Katanya, ini kerana soal  integriti serta amalan perniagaan beretika bukanlah suatu perkara baru pada agensi berkenaan memandang telah melaksanakan beberapa inisiatif kearah persekitaran perniagaan berintegriti.

“Terdahulu, kita telah terbitkan dua buah buku dalam konteks amalan baik menjalankan perniagaan sebagai panduan kepada peniaga menjalankan perniagaan secara baik.

“Ini sahaja sudah memperlihatkan keseriusan SSM dalam memberi komitmen kepada kepentingan integriti dalam perniagaan,”katanya ketika berucap pada majlis berkenaan.

Pada majlis yang diadaka  di Dewan Tun Razak, Menara Berkembar Bank Rakyat itu, Hasan hadir bagi menyaksikan majlis menandatangani integriti diantara Ketua Pegawai Eksekutif SSM, Zahrah Abd Wahab Fenner dengan SPRM yang diwakili oleh Timbalan Ketua Pesuruhjaya (Pencegahan), Datuk Mustafar Ali.

Menyentuh kepada beberapa insiden membabitkan integriti pegawai di bawah kementerian berkenaan, Hasan menegaskan bahawa pihaknya tidak akan berkompromi sekiranya mereka yang terbabit dikenakan tindakan.

“Saya harapkan mereka tidak terlibat dalam apa yang disebut dan jika benar  mereka terlibat saya tidak akan bersubahat.

“Jika didapati bersalah, beri hukuman yang setimpal kerana perbuatan sebegini (tidak berintegriti) membahayakan negara,” katanya.

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Minister to IAACA Delegates: MACC & MACA Successful In Upholding Governance and Integrity

PANAMA CITYThe setting up of a Governance and Integrity Ministry by the Malaysia government bears testament to the strong political towards achieving a corruption-free society, said Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department Senator Datuk Paul Low Seng Kuan to the international delegates.

Malaysia Joined OECD Working Group on Bribery in International Business Transaction

Malaysia Joined OECD Working Group on Bribery in International Business Transaction

During the Conference of State Parties to the United Nations Convention Against Corruption on 25 November 2013 hosted by the Panama government, he also highlighted the success stories and achievements of the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) as well as the Malaysia Anti-Corruption Academy (MACA).

Among the highlights of his keynote address:

1) MACC

Fashioned after the ICAC of Hong Kong (SAR), the MACC unlike its predecessor, is now “detached” from the Prime Minister’s Department and reports directly to the Anti-Corruption Advisory Board and the Parliament (Select) Committee on Corruption.

Additionally the MACC’s core functions of prevention and investigation are scrutinized by the Corruption Prevention and Consultation Panel, the Operation Review Panel and a Complaints Committee.

A Service Commission has also been formed to streamline hiring of specialized resources, and the status of the Chief Commissioner is being elevated to be on par with the Auditor General, Attorney General and Judiciary in terms of his independence.

2) MALAYSIA’S KEY ANTI-CORRUPTION INITIATIVES

Hand-in-hand with punitive and integrity measures as per the MACC Act 2009, the Government has also implemented several additional initiatives under its NKRA – Fighting Corruption Strategy as follows:

1.    Enactment of the Witness Protection Act 2009.

2.    Enactment of the Whistle Blowers Protection Act 2010.

3.    Setting up specialized courts to try corruption cases.

4.    “Name & shame” data base for offenders prosecuted for corruption offences.

Additionally, we have also embarked on other integrity enhancement initiatives:

·         Corporate Integrity Pledges (CIP) by companies or corporate bodies to uphold principles of integrity in doing business (to date about 279 CIPs have been signed).

·         Integrity Pacts (IP) between the Government and its vendors not to participate in corrupt practices.

·         Electronic procurement processes to ensure transparency and reduce human interaction in bidding, etc.

·         Doing away with lobbying through the use of “support” letters to influence decision makers.

·         “Hot” job rotation exercise – to overcome officials establishing unhealthy relationships with suppliers.

·         Reducing bureaucratic delays – cutting down usage of long complicated processes, one-stop centre for government services.

 

New initiatives of the Government include:

·         Removing middlemen in Government Procurement.

·         Inclusion of criminal liability of legal persons clause in the MACCA 2009.

·         Amending existing provisions of the MACCA 2009 in regards to asset declaration.

One recently announced development is that the MACC will head and oversee Integrity Units in all Ministries, Government Departments and Agencies (mainly high-risk organisations). The Units will be headed and supervised by experienced officers from the anti-graft body itself.

 

3) INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

On 2nd September 2010, Malaysia was one of the first to sign the Agreement for the setting up of the International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA) – a joint initiative between the UNODC – and contributed RM 1 million towards its initial establishment. The Chief Commissioner of MACC currently serves as the Vice Chairman of IACA’s Board of Governors.

The MACC is also one of ten Southeast Asian Anti-Corruption Agencies to have signed a MoU on Preventing and Combating Corruption within the region – called the South East Asia Parties Against Corruption (SEA-PAC).

4) PROCESS OF REVIEW

Comments made by the experts from the Philippines and Kenya in the recently concluded desk review and country visit processes on Malaysia’s implementation of Chapters III and IV of UNCAC have been noted and taken to serve as a positive guide for our future improvements.

With regards to this, Malaysia would like to thank the Secretariat and these experts for having done an excellent job during the first review cycle for Malaysia. Some of the successes and good practices in implementing Chapter III and IV of the Convention are:

·         14 specialized anti-corruption courts have been in existence since 2011. Judges are instructed to hear cases within one year and can be held accountable for non-compliance. Other initiatives which helped to reduce the case backlog were the introduction of pre-trial conferences and plea bargaining.

·         Various initiatives on corruption prevention are carried out with the private sector, such as integrity pacts, monitoring committees for large projects and integrity pledges. Large Malaysian corporations regularly employ Integrity Officers and have no-gifts policies in place. MACC provides training for the private sector and has seconded a small number of MACC officers to large companies.

·         Malaysia has in place specialized and skilled manpower who actively cooperate with their foreign counterparts. Dedicated training, capacity building and exchange programmes – including through MACA – are among the international good practices for information exchange, cooperation and corruption prevention.

·         The use of joint investigations and an operational working group with Brunei Darussalam are good examples of law enforcement cooperation among countries at the policy and operational level.

5) KUALA LUMPUR STATEMENT ON ANTI-CORRUPTION STRATEGIES

On behalf of the anti-corruption authorities as well as national planning authorities from the 20 South, East and Southeast Asian countries (namely, in alphabetical order: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Lao PDR, India, Indonesia, Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Maldives, Myanmar, Mongolia, Nepal, the Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Timor-Leste, Thailand and Vietnam) I would like to take this opportunity to make a statement formulated during the Asia Regional Meeting on Anti-Corruption Strategies held in Kuala Lumpur between 21-22 October 2013 organized jointly by UNDP Pacific Centre and UNODC Regional Centre for East Asia with the Government of Malaysia.

The Kuala Lumpur Statement on Anti-Corruption Strategies is formulated in line with Article 5 (1) of UNCAC which states:

Article 5 (1) of UNCAC specifies, that “each State Party shall, in accordance with the fundamental principles of its legal system, develop and implement or maintain effective, coordinated anti-corruption policies that promote the participation of society and reflect the principles of the rule of law, proper management of public affairs and public property, integrity, transparency and accountability.”

This statement does not pretend to supersede the UNODC/ UNICRI “Technical Guide to the United Nations Convention against Corruption” on Chapter II Article 5, but has been developed to fine tune and enhance said “Technical Guide” to further promote the implementation of the Convention in a sustainable and manageable manner by all State Parties, noting that compliance with the Convention is not an end by itself.

The participants at the Meeting which also represented State Parties to the Convention have agreed to a set of guidelines termed “The Kuala Lumpur Statement on Anti-Corruption Strategies” mainly because it was formulated at the host-country, Malaysia. The participants also support the commitment of Malaysia to make this statement officially at the Conference and urge that all State Parties to the Convention adopt these guidelines as complementary to the Technical Guide.

Allow me also to take this opportunity to thank the organizers of the Asia Regional Meeting on Anti-Corruption Strategies namely UNDP Pacific Centre and UNODC Regional Centre for East Asia for spearheading this initiative in anticipation of the Second Review Cycle on Chapter II of UNCAC.

6) COUNTRIES IN REVIEW BY MALAYSIA

Year 4 will see Malaysia reviewing both the good countries of Palau and Turkey.

Anti-corruption is a common task facing every country in the world, and strengthening exchanges and cooperation in anti-corruption has become an inevitable choice of the international community. Given differences in the level of economic development, political and legal systems, historical and cultural background, as well as in legislation, investigation, prosecution and punitive measures for fighting and preventing corruption crimes, countries and regions may be different in their anti-corruption work development. Nonetheless, we should, in the spirit of mutual respect, mutually benefit and support one another to jointly fight and prevent transnational corruption crimes.

 

7) MACA

I want to use this occasion to reaffirm that Malaysia stands committed to share and exchange information intelligence with our international anti-corruption counterparts. We shall continue to strengthen our international commitment through the provision of capacity and capability building and provide technical assistance to other member states.

The Malaysia Anti-Corruption Academy (MACA) offers training programs tailored to both local and international participants, and is one of the strong supporters of the IACA – which will be conducting one of the seven modules of its Masters in Anti-Corruption Studies Programme in Kuala Lumpur.

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Govt on track in fighting corruption

KPI ACHIEVED: NKRA director saysMalaysia has earned praise for its efforts

The key performance indicator (KPI) under the National Key Results Area (NKRA) in fighting corruption has been fully achieved. NKRA against corruption director Datuk Hisham Nordin said the targets had been evaluated by an international
panel which recognised the determination of the government to stamp out corruption.

“The international panel praised our country for its seriousness in fighting corruption. This is not cosmetic or rhetoric, but something real in the GTP (Government Transformation Programme) framework,” he said after participating
in the Helo Malaysia talk show over BernamaTV on Tuesday.

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Hisham said one proof of the government’s sincerity in fighting corruption was the setting up of an anticorruption KPI through the NKRA and improving the country’s ranking in the Corruption Perceptions Index.
He said fighting corruption was an ongoing process because various aspects had to be evaluated. “It is a continuous work in progress. It has no end. We cannot say one day that we can stop fighting corruption. There is no ending in the fight.”

He said it was a major challenge to educate the people on the government’s efforts to fight corruption. Hisham also said a training module on integrity and the assimilation of noble values was being drawn up with the Malaysian AntiCorruption
Commission to instil values and ethics in elected representatives.
“The training may be conducted for the new members of parliament and state assemblymen after the 13th General Election.” He also said Barisan Nasional’s “Promise of Hope” manifesto was not a bribe for votes because it was a promise of common benefits and not only given to certain individuals. Bernama

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Interpol and MACC join hands to fight graft

Source : Bernama

KUALA LUMPUR – Interpol is working very closely with the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) on the transfer and sharing of knowledge to combat corruption.

“For us, the cooperation between Interpol and MACC is very strong. We have the closest of cooperation in terms of investigative techniques that are used to expose corruption and on investigations where there are international elements involved,” said Interpol secretary-general Ronald K. Noble.

Noble

Interpol is the world’s largest international police organisation which supports law enforcement agencies in 190 member countries.

He was speaking to Bernama here on Thursday, at the end of a two-day conference organised by Interpol, Fifa, the world’s football governing body, Asian Football Confederation and the MACC, to deal with match-fixing which afflicts world football.

The conference was held, following revelations two weeks ago that almost 700 matches worldwide, including Champions League ties and World Cup qualifiers, were targeted by gambling syndicates.

Noble said the Interpol-MACC cooperation was further strengthened with the secondment of an MACC officer to the Interpol Secre-tariat in Lyon, France.

MACC assistant senior commissioner Mohd Hafaz Nazar reported for duty as a criminal investigation officer in May last year, on a two-year stint at the secretariat.

In addition, MACC chief commissioner Datuk Seri Abu Kassim Mohamed has been a member of the Interpol Group of Experts on Corrup-tion for the past 12 years.

Among Abu Kassim’s notable contributions was the Manual of Best Practices for anti-corruption and asset recovery procedures.

Noble hoped the next agenda of the cooperation would be to develop course work allowing for e-learning in combating corruption.

“This could be expanded regionally around the world. I think that’s the next step for Interpol and MACC,” he said. – Bernama

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Kerajaan Komited Dalam Usaha Memerangi Gejala

 

KUALA LUMPUR, 4 Oktober 2012- Perdana Menteri, Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak hari ini menyatakan kerajaan komited dalam usaha memerangi gejala rasuah dan ianya  terus kekal menjadi keutamaan kerajaan dengan meletakkannya sebagai satu Bidang Keberhasilan Utama Negara (NKRA) dalam Program Transformasi Kerajaan (GTP) dan Program Transformasi Ekonomi (ETP).

Katanya, pelbagai pendekatan yang diambil dalam membanteras gejala rasuah menunjukkan keseriusan kerajaan, termasuk transformasi aspek rangka kerja sehingga penubuhan Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia (SPRM).

“Kita selalu mendengar apabila orang bercakap mengenai rasuah, perkara pertama yang berada dalam fikiran adalah penyalahgunaan kuasa dalam kalangan penjawat kerajaan dan ahli-ahli politik dan kita perlu berhenti melihat perbuatan itu hanya kepada penjawat awam dan ahli-ahli politik.

“Tanggapan sedemikian sebenarnya cukup dangkal kerana pada hakikatnya gejala rasuah boleh dilakukan oleh sesiapa sahaja,” katanya ketika berucap pada majlis perasmian Persidangan Pertubuhan Agensi Penguat Kuasa Anti Rasuah Antarabangsa (IAACA) Keenam di Pusat Konvensyen Kuala Lumpur di sini.

Majlis disertai lebih 1,000 pegawai pencegah rasuah dari 120 negara itu turut dihadiri Peguam Negara, Tan Sri Abdul Gani Patail, Ketua Pesuruhjaya SPRM, Datuk Seri Abu Kassim Mohamed dan Presiden IAACA, Prof. Cao Jianming.

Pada majlis itu, Najib turut menyerahkan sumbangan kerajaan sebanyak RM1 juta untuk menjayakan Akademi Anti Rasuah Antarabangsa kepada Pengerusi IAACA, Martin Kreutner.

Perdana Menteri, semua pihak patut melihat usaha memerangi rasuah dalam perspektif lebih luas kerana terdapat masyarakat berjaya mengurangkan aktiviti itu dengan bergantung kepada kesedaran sivik yang tinggi.

“Kesedaran ini boleh dilaksanakan dengan tumpuan khusus dalam etika, norma-norma dan nilai masyarakat yang berbeza.

“Kesedaran itu cukup kritikal kepada individu yang berada dalam kekuasaan jawatan dan kewibawaan untuk mencontohi nilai-nilai yang perlu diikuti oleh kumpulan yang berada di bawahnya,”katanya.

“Nilai kesedaran yang betul dan kepimpinan etika asal itu sebenarnya bermula dari rumah,” tegas beliau

TAMAT

 

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PENYERAHAN LAPORAN TAHUNAN SPRM 2011 DI PARLIMEN

KUALA LUMPUR –  Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia (SPRM) telah menyerahkan Laporan Tahunan SPRM 2011 kepada Jawatankuasa Khas Mengenai Rasuah (JKMR) di Parlimen hari ini.

Penyerahan ini selaras dengan Seksyen 14 Akta Suruhanajaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia (ASPRM) 2009  di mana Jawatankuasa Khas perlu memeriksa laporan tahunan Suruhanjaya dan ulasan Lembaga Penasihat Pencegahan Rasuah.

Sepertimana yang termaktub dalam  Akta SPRM 2009, Jawatankuasa  ini hendaklah menyediakan dan mengemukakan laporan mengenai penunaian fungsinya kepada Perdana Menteri yang hendaklah membentangkan satu salinan laporan itu di Parlimen.

Hadir  menerima Laporan Tahunan 2011 SPRM  adalah Pengerusi JKMR Dato’ Seri Mohd Radzi Sheikh Ahmad  Dr Tan Seng Giaw, Dato Hj. Abdul Rahman Dahlan, Dato’ Hj. Ismail bin Hj. Abd Mutalib, dan Yusmadi Yusof

(TAMAT)

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M’sia Lauded As A Model For Antigraft Initiatives

by : thestar 26/06/2012 
PETALING JAYA –  While Malaysian anticorruption initiatives have received recognition by a cofounder of a global anticorruption organisation, the challenge is to produce results to match his positive remarks, opinion leaders said. 

In an article published in Huffington Post on June 22, Transparency International cofounder Michael J. Hershman suggested that Malaysia’s model was one that Arab Spring countries and other highrisk nations could look into if they were serious about confronting their corruption culture.
Michael J. Hershman (Co-Founder of Transparency International)
Former MalaysianAnti Corruption Commission’s (MACC) advisory panel on consultation and prevention chairman Tan Sri Dr Ramon Navaratnam said that it was good that Hersjiman, who is from an organisation with international standing, had given credit to the MACC and quoted Malaysia as a model for anticorruption efforts.

However, he cautioned that the commendation may become a doubleedged sword as expectations
might be raised. He said that while the current perception on anticorruption efforts was more positive compared to the year before, the country was still not “catching the big fishes”.

Asli Centre for Public Policy Studies CEO Tan Sri Dr Michael Yeoh said there were serious efforts to combat corruption and the Integrity Pledges (that companies are encouraged to sign) were additional mechanisms to reduce corruption.

In his article, Hershman.had written that “All too often, anticorruption efforts are incomplete; they pass
laws without sufficient enforcement mechanisms, or they maintain a myopic shortsightedness
by failing to create a system that will last by appealing to everyone’s selfinterest.

“Malaysia’s comprehensive anticorruption system, a core component of the Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak’s governmental and economic reform programme, addresses these common failures a unique way by establishing a permanent agency at the centre.”

However, Hershman also commented that the MACC was still a “workinprogress”, and issues like unregulated campaign finance and insufficient freedom of information laws were “imperfections” that needed to be addressed.
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