Posts Tagged sprm
KUALA LUMPUR, 9 Nov (Bernama) — Semua penyiasatan oleh Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia (SPRM) adalah bebas daripada campur tangan mana-mana pihak, kata Pengerusi Panel Penilaian Operasi (PPO) SPRM Tan Sri Dr Hadenan Abdul Abdul Jalil.
The Sixth Annual Conference and General Meeting of the International Association of Anti-Corruption Authorities Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 4th – 7th October 2012 Kuala Lumpur Declaration
We, the representatives of Anti-Corruption Authorities of 111 Member States of the United Nations and regions and of 12 International Organizations, gathered in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, for the Sixth Annual Conference and General Meeting of the International Association of Anti-Corruption Authorities (IAACA) devoted to “Technical Assistance and Information Exchange” (Chapter VI of United Nations Convention Against Corruption – UNCAC):
Recalling United Nations General Assembly Resolution 58/4, by which the Assembly adopted the UNCAC and established International Anti-Corruption Day as the 9th of December each year,
Recalling also all relevant United Nations General Assembly and Economic and Social Council Resolutions calling for the expeditious ratification and full implementation of the UNCAC,
Recalling further our Beijing, Bali, Kiev, Macao and Marrakech Declarations, as well as the recommendations made by the side-event of the Conference of the States Parties to the UNCAC (CoSP) held in Amman and co-organized by United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and IAACA,
Aware of the importance of the Resolutions adopted by the CoSP, at its First, Second, Third and Fourth sessions held respectively at Amman, Nusa Dua, Doha and Marrakech,
Convinced that relevant government agencies, civil society and relevant professional organizations can individually and collectively make significant contributions to the effective implementation of the UNCAC,
1. Express our gratitude to the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission, for hosting the Sixth Annual Conference and General Meeting of IAACA, as well as our deepest appreciation to the Government and People of Malaysia for their warm hospitality;
2. Extend our appreciation to the Government of Tanzania and in particular the Prevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau for hosting the Executive Committee meeting of the IAACA held in Arusha from 30 March to 1 April 2012;
3. Recognize and affirm the importance of affording technical assistance, including material support, training, relevant experience and specialized knowledge to meet the individual needs of States Parties for the effective implementation of the UNCAC, and to become an integral part of the overall effort in fighting corruption;
4. Reiterate the importance of compliance by States Parties with the provisions contained in Chapter VI of UNCAC of affording country-led and country-based, integrated and coordinated technical assistance, especially with regard to technical assistance to meet the needs identified by States Parties through the Implementation Review Mechanism of the UNCAC;
5. Urge States Parties to accord high priority to meeting technical assistance requirements identified and prioritized in their responses to the comprehensive self-assessment checklists and the country reports;
6. Encourage States Parties to initiate, develop or improve specific training programmes on preventing and combating corruption to improve law enforcement skills for competent officials;
7. Urge States Parties to afford one another the widest measure of support, including training, exchange of relevant experience and specialized knowledge to facilitate international cooperation in line with the relevant UNCAC’s provisions;
8. Pledge our full support to help States Parties identify and substantiate specific needs for technical assistance, and to promote and facilitate the provision of such assistance to fill the identified gaps;
9. Strongly encourage UNODC to continue to provide developing countries and countries with economies in transition, upon request and in response to their specific requirements, a wide range of capacity building assistance, as well as direct expertise on policy formulation, through the Office’s thematic and regional programmes, and recommend that multilateral and bilateral providers of technical assistance include the objectives of the UNCAC as an integral part of their annual commitments and increase the amount of resources devoted to supporting developing countries to implement the Convention, in close cooperation with UNODC and IAACA;
10. Call upon the Executive Committee to consider the needs of IAACA members, including proposing, overseeing and evaluating current training-related activities, so as to help equip policy makers and practitioners with the requisite knowledge and skills in the fight against corruption, as set out in the Work Plan;
11. Pledge our full support to the ongoing efforts and recommendations of the Open-ended Intergovernmental Working Group on Asset Recovery, established to advise and assist the CoSP in the implementation of its mandate on the return of proceeds of corruption, in developing cumulative knowledge, encouraging cooperation, facilitating the exchange of information and identifying capacity building needs, and look forward to the implementation of its multi-year work plan relating to asset recovery, covering the period 2012 – 2015;
12. Recognize the continuing and valuable role of the joint UNODC and World Bank StAR (Stolen Asset Recovery) Initiative as a driving force in the asset recovery agenda, and call upon States Parties to continue to actively support the Initiative in its work;
13. Welcome with satisfaction the fact that 161 countries have ratified or acceded to the UNCAC and urge the Governments of those countries that have not yet done so to move swiftly and with conviction to ratify or accede to the Convention, in order to achieve the goal of universal adherence to the Convention;
14. Welcome with appreciation the important decisions of the CoSP in its four sessions held to date, and look forward to further progress in the implementation of its mandate through its Fifth session, to be held in Panama in 2013;
15. Commend UNODC for its exceptional work and commitment in serving as the Secretariat of the CoSP and its subsidiary bodies and in implementing the Resolutions of the CoSP, including its efforts towards the effective delivery of technical assistance;
16. Underline the importance of the role of the CoSP in monitoring the implementation of the Convention and reiterate our call to the Executive Committee of IAACA, in consultation with the Secretariat of the CoSP, to seek appropriate ways to establish closer collaboration between IAACA and the CoSP in order to enhance the involvement and contribution of IAACA and its members in properly and effectively implementing the recommendations made by the CoSP;
17. Look forward to the outcome of the Implementation Review Mechanism of the UNCAC, and call upon the Executive Committee of IAACA to encourage sharing of the experience gained by its members in the review process;
18. Reiterate our call upon all Member States to institute relevant reforms that promote professionalism and effectiveness of anti-corruption authorities in preventing and combating corruption, the independence and integrity of the judiciary, the prevention of conflict of interest in public office, freedom of access to information, and transparency and accountability in public administration, as well as to ensure and preserve the full independence of all relevant anti-corruption authorities; and in this context, welcome with appreciation and commend the achievements of the network European Partners against Corruption (EPAC/EACN) in unanimously adopting Universal Principles and Standards for Anti-Corruption Authorities and encourage all Members States to take favourable note of them and translate them into reality;
19. Urge anti-corruption authorities to proactively promote with their respective Governments and legislative bodies the development and implementation of appropriate programmes of work in order to maintain, sustain and strengthen the momentum generated by the UNCAC, and to devote continued attention to both their vital preventive role and crucial law enforcement functions, as applicable, which are fundamental for the practical and effective application of all the relevant provisions of the UNCAC and for enhanced international cooperation;
20. Urge Member States as well as relevant international organizations and financial institutions, on the basis of the principle of shared responsibility and collective global action, to consider providing additional resources to support such efforts, including by contributing to the UNODC special account a percentage of the money or of the corresponding value of proceeds of crime or property confiscated in accordance with the provisions of UNCAC, in line with Article 62 (c) of the Convention;
21. Express our deepest appreciation to all relevant international and professional associations, Intergovernmental and Nongovenmental organizations, civil society and the media for raising public awareness of UNCAC and the destructive effect of corruption in its many and varied forms, by extending their continuing support and cooperation to IAACA and to the CoSP, and underscore the importance of protection of witnesses, experts, victims, prosecutors, judges and those other persons engaged in the fight against corruption;
22. Express also our appreciation to the Executive Committee for implementing the initiatives agreed upon in the Work Plan, which resulted in the identification of new avenues for enhanced international cooperation in the fight against corruption, generating also a number of new and innovative ideas in our anti-corruption awareness campaigns and networking platform, and request the Executive Committee to devote sufficient resources to ensure that the Work Plan is implemented in an effective, structured and sustained manner;
23. Welcome with appreciation and commend the launch by the International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA) of the first international and inter-disciplinary Master programme in Anti-Corruption Studies, designed for working professionals of all sectors of society who wish to remain fully employed while pursuing their degree and designed to further empower them in their important anti-corruption work, invite all Member States to send participants and consider taking over scholarships for participants from LDCs; and encourage enhanced cooperation between IAACA, IACA, all member countries, the Malaysian Anticorruption Academy (MACA) and other regional and national training institutions, by sharing knowledge, expertise and best practices as well as by developing curricula for joint training activities, and by doing so taking into account the results of the review mechanism of the UNCAC;
24. Extend our appreciation and commend the efforts of the Independent Commission Against Corruption, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People’s Republic of China for hosting the International Anti-Corruption Public Service Announcement Video Competition and Workshop in Hong Kong in December 2011, attracting 29 contesting entries from anti-graft bodies and law enforcement agencies of 21 countries and places, also acknowledging with great gratitude the support or pledges of other countries like Brazil and India in carrying out some other joint activities included in the Work Plan;
25. Welcome with great satisfaction the important contributions and joint initiatives of IAACA Members already generated by the Work Plan, and strongly encourage other Members to become fully involved in its further implementation, by contributing suggestions or undertaking initiatives, whether individually or jointly with other Members and in close collaboration with the IAACA Secretariat, with a view to supporting IAACA in realizing the ultimate goal of the Association in promoting the effective implementation of the UNCAC;
26. Extend our appreciation to the People’s Republic of China for hosting, and commend the efforts of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate for the successful conduct of the training seminar organized by IAACA in Dalian in June 2012, which was attended by 420 participants from 81 countries, as well as for its continuous support for organizing and hosting such training seminars, and encourage other IAACA Members to hold similar training events not only regionally or subregionally but also at the national level;
27. Appreciate the stewardship and direction shown by the founding and incumbent Presidents of the Association in continuously fostering cooperation and partnership among anti-corruption authorities and with relevant international, regional and national organizations and institutions in furtherance of the anti-corruption cause, and commend the Secretariat for providing energetic and highly professional support to the work of the Association; and
28. Decide that the text of this Declaration be widely circulated by the relevant anti-corruption authorities in their respective countries and that it should be submitted to the CoSP, in addition to the United Nations General Assembly and other relevant bodies of the United Nations.
KUALA LUMPUR, 4 Oktober 2012- Perdana Menteri, Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak hari ini menyatakan kerajaan komited dalam usaha memerangi gejala rasuah dan ianya terus kekal menjadi keutamaan kerajaan dengan meletakkannya sebagai satu Bidang Keberhasilan Utama Negara (NKRA) dalam Program Transformasi Kerajaan (GTP) dan Program Transformasi Ekonomi (ETP).
Katanya, pelbagai pendekatan yang diambil dalam membanteras gejala rasuah menunjukkan keseriusan kerajaan, termasuk transformasi aspek rangka kerja sehingga penubuhan Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia (SPRM).
“Kita selalu mendengar apabila orang bercakap mengenai rasuah, perkara pertama yang berada dalam fikiran adalah penyalahgunaan kuasa dalam kalangan penjawat kerajaan dan ahli-ahli politik dan kita perlu berhenti melihat perbuatan itu hanya kepada penjawat awam dan ahli-ahli politik.
“Tanggapan sedemikian sebenarnya cukup dangkal kerana pada hakikatnya gejala rasuah boleh dilakukan oleh sesiapa sahaja,” katanya ketika berucap pada majlis perasmian Persidangan Pertubuhan Agensi Penguat Kuasa Anti Rasuah Antarabangsa (IAACA) Keenam di Pusat Konvensyen Kuala Lumpur di sini.
Majlis disertai lebih 1,000 pegawai pencegah rasuah dari 120 negara itu turut dihadiri Peguam Negara, Tan Sri Abdul Gani Patail, Ketua Pesuruhjaya SPRM, Datuk Seri Abu Kassim Mohamed dan Presiden IAACA, Prof. Cao Jianming.
Pada majlis itu, Najib turut menyerahkan sumbangan kerajaan sebanyak RM1 juta untuk menjayakan Akademi Anti Rasuah Antarabangsa kepada Pengerusi IAACA, Martin Kreutner.
Perdana Menteri, semua pihak patut melihat usaha memerangi rasuah dalam perspektif lebih luas kerana terdapat masyarakat berjaya mengurangkan aktiviti itu dengan bergantung kepada kesedaran sivik yang tinggi.
“Kesedaran ini boleh dilaksanakan dengan tumpuan khusus dalam etika, norma-norma dan nilai masyarakat yang berbeza.
“Kesedaran itu cukup kritikal kepada individu yang berada dalam kekuasaan jawatan dan kewibawaan untuk mencontohi nilai-nilai yang perlu diikuti oleh kumpulan yang berada di bawahnya,”katanya.
“Nilai kesedaran yang betul dan kepimpinan etika asal itu sebenarnya bermula dari rumah,” tegas beliau
IAACA President & Prosecutor-General of Supreme People’s Procuratorate of the People’s Republic of China
The Following text were the speech of IAACA President, Prof. Cao Jianming during the Opening Ceremony of the 6th IAACA Annual Conference and General Meeting, Kuala Lumpur;
Your Excellency Mr. Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib bin Tun Abd Razak, Prime Minister of Malaysia,
Respected Mr. Dato’ Sri Abu Kassim bin Mohamed, Chief Commissioner of Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission,
Ladies and Gentlemen,
It is my great pleasure to join all of you in attending the Sixth IAACA Annual Conference and General Meeting held in the beautiful city of Kuala Lumpur. The Malaysian Government has attached great importance to this conference and Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak has taken time out of his busy schedule to attend and address this meeting. Here, on behalf of IAACA (International Association of Anti-Corruption Authorities), I wish to express my heartfelt thanks to Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak for his presence and to the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission for organizing this conference!
It is gratifying to see that, since the last annual conference and thanks to vigorous efforts of IAACA, exchanges and cooperation between anti-corruption authorities in all countries and regions have been deepened, and new progress has been made in promoting the implementation of the UNCAC (United Nations Convention against Corruption) and the in-depth development of international anti-corruption cooperation. In the past year, IAACA was highly productive in its work, especially in hosting the following major activities:
Firstly, the Fifth IAACA Annual Conference and General Meeting were held in Marrakech, Morocco in October 2011. Nearly 400 participants from 85 countries and regions attended the conference, including prosecutors-general, attorneys general, ministers of supervision, heads of anti-corruption authorities and representatives of 9 international organizations. The conference made an in-depth discussion on the prevention and investigation for transfer of proceeds of offences, the mechanism of direct asset recovery, the international cooperation in asset recovery, forfeiture of assets, asset disposal and asset return, as well as closer bilateral and multilateral cooperation in asset recovery, issued the IAACA Marrakech Declaration, which was well received by the international community after IAACA Secretariat submitted it to the Conference of States Parties to UNCAC and relevant UN agencies and promoted it among all member countries. The conference also adopted the IAACA Work Plan which laid a good foundation for the sustainable development of IAACA.
Secondly, IAACA and ICAC (the Independent Commission against Corruption) HongKong jointly held the First International Anti-Corruption Public Service Announcement Video Competition and Seminar in Hong Kong in December 2011. Over 200 participants from 33 countries and regions took part in the seminar, and 29 anti-corruption videos were presented in the competition. It has actively promoted exchanges and experience-sharing among anti-corruption authorities of all countries and regions and improved the use of media for anti-corruption awareness campaign.
Thirdly, the spring meeting of IAACA Executive Committee was held in Arusha, Tanzania in March 2012. It was attended by representatives from 20 countries and regions, including executive members, observers and representatives of relevant international organizations. The meeting reviewed and evaluated the IAACA Working Report last year and put forward constructive suggestions for the work and activities this year. Discussions were held on the review mechanism for implementation of UNCAC, and adopted the Proposal on Promotion of IAACA International Anti-Corruption Public Service Announcement Videos , the Proposal on the Sixth IAACA Annual Conference and General Meeting and the Proposal on Holding IAACA Seminar in Dalian, China.
Fourthly, the Fourth IAACA Seminar was held in Dalian, China in June 2012. A total of over 400 judicial officials, experts and scholars from over 80 countries and regions took part in the seminar. They gave comprehensive reports on the anti-corruption legislation and work in their respective countries and regions, the international cooperation on asset recovery and the difficulties and problems involved. They had in-depth discussions and shared experience on how to effectively prevent, monitor and investigate transfer of assets across jurisdictions, freezing, forfeiture, seizure, recovery and return of assets. The seminar has improved the work capacity of anti-corruption authorities of all countries and regions and the international anti-corruption cooperation.
These achievements would have been impossible without active participation of all members, especially the executive members. Here, on behalf of IAACA, I wish to express sincere thanks to all executive members and members, especially Mr. Abdesselam Aboudrar, Chairman of the Central Authority for Corruption Prevention of the Kingdom of Morocco, Mr. Timothy Tong, former Commissioner of ICAC HongKong, Dr. Edward G.Hoseah, Director General of PCCB (The Prevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau) of the United Republic of Tanzania, People’s Procuratorate of Liaoning Province and Dalian of P.R.China for their great support.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Anti-corruption is a common task facing every country in the world, and strengthening exchanges and cooperation in anti-corruption has become an inevitable choice of the international community. Given differences in the level of economic development, political and legal system, historical and cultural background, as well as in legislation, investigation, prosecution and punitive measures for fighting and preventing corruption crimes, countries and regions may be different in their anti-corruption work development. Nonetheless, we should, in the spirit of mutual respect, mutual benefit and win-win cooperation, deepen our cooperation and mutual support to jointly fight and prevent transnational corruption crimes. This conference takes “Technical Assistance and Information Exchange” as the theme and focuses on discussions on “The Need for Intelligence-Led Policing in the Investigation and Prevention of Corrupt Practices”, “Denial of Safe Havens: Core Elements & Strategies”, “Income & Asset Declarations”,”Capacity Building: The Importance of Technical Assistance”, “Proactive Investigation: Staying Ahead”,”Performance Accountability & Integrity in Government Administuative and Business Practices”,”International Recovery of III-Gotten Assets: Case Histories”,”The Role of Prosecutors and Judiciary in Combating Corruption”, which is of important practical significance.I wish to put forward the following points for our discussion:
First, strengthen dialogue and information exchange, and share experience and achievements in anti-corruption. The anti-corruption, procuratorate and judicial authorities of all countries and regions should, in the form of high-level visits, regular seminars, personnel training and academic exchange, strengthen their dialogue and information exchange to enhance mutual understanding and mutual trust. We should make full use of the IAACA platform and actively participate in the IAACA annual conferences, general meetings and seminars, so as to exchange experience in fighting and preventing corruption and promote international cooperation in anti-corruption.
Second, implement the measures of technical assistance to promote balanced development of anti-corruption work. We should earnestly implement the provisions on technical assistance under the Convention, strengthen technical assistance for developing countries, provide them with extensive assistance, including financial contribution, material support and training, and assist developing countries in improving anti-corruption legislation and working mechanism to improve their capability to fight and prevent corruption crimes.
Third, strengthen international cooperation and enhance the level of fighting and preventing corruption crimes. We should take full advantage of the regional or international conferences, seminar mechanisms, and bilateral or multilateral treaties or arrangements, to strengthen information exchange and technical assistance, actively carry out anti-corruption cooperation and training activities, and train all kinds of anti-corruption personnel; and IAACA should, on the basis of the Work Plan, conduct closer cooperation with those anti-corruption authorities with rich experiences and strong work capabilities, as well as relevant international organizations, organize more trainings and seminars with more specialized knowledge, more diversified forms and richer contents, to provide better service and support for member states.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Creating an international community of harmony, stability and integrity requires common efforts of all countries and regions. We should, on the basis of mutual respect, adopt a more proactive and open attitude towards cooperation and explore more pragmatic and effective modes for cooperation, so as to promote the development of anti-corruption technical assistance and information exchange. I sincerely hope that all participants can take the opportunity of this conference to enhance mutual understanding, expand common ground in exchanges and develop friendship in cooperation. Together, we will make great contribution to the sound development of the international anti-corruption cause.
Hari ini saya bersama ahli-ahli Jawatankuasa Khas Mengenai Rasuah mengadap Seri Paduka Baginda Yang Dipertuan Agong di Istana Negara untuk menerima surat cara perlantikan dari Baginda Tuanku. Jawatankuasa ini terdiri daripada ahli-ahli parlimen dari BN dan PR. Ini adalah penggal kedua untuk saya. Rakan-rakan lain di dalam jawatankuasa tersebut ialah YB Dato Seri Radzi Ahmad (BN-Kangar), YB Dr Tan Seng Giaw (DAP-Kepong), YB Datuk Ismail Mutallib (BN-Maran), YB Salahuddin Ayub (PAS-Kubang Kerian), YB Datuk Doris Sophia Brodi (BN Senator/ Timbalan Yang DiPertua Dewan Negara) dan YB Yusmadi Yusoff (PKR- Balik Pulau).
Saya sebenarnya agak risau dengan cadangan ini kerana walaupun nampak ianya baik kerana tidak perlu kebenaran Peguam Negara, namun ianya melanggar prinsip pengasingan fungsi menyiasat dan menuduh seperti dalam sistem kehakiman kita di mana polis menyiasat, Peguam Negara menuduh dan hakim mengadili.
Walaupun sebenarnya ramai ahli-ahli politik dan individu-individu telah ditangkap, didakwa dan dihukum, tanggapan “ikan bilis ditangkap, ikan jerung terlepas” masih menjadi cabaran hebat kepada SPRM. Tidak ramai yang memahami bahawa SPRM tidak boleh bertindak tanpa bukti yang kukuh sebelum membuat pendakwaan. Hanya mengesyaki seseorang terlibat di dalam rasuah (samada realiti atau tidak) tidak dapat membantu SPRM mendapatkan penghukuman oleh mahkamah. SPRM memerlukan bukti yang tidak dapat disangkal oleh peguam bela untuk mendapatkan keputusan bersalah dari mahkamah. Jika SPRM gagal mendapatkan penghukuman bersalah mahkamah, SPRM juga akan dipersalahkan kerana akan ada tuduhan liar yang mengatakan SPRM sengaja melepaskan batuk di tangga dalam usaha membanteras rasuah di dalam negara kita.
Sebagai rujukan, badan pencegah rasuah yang paling terkenal di dunia seperti ICAC Hong Kong juga memerlukan sekitar 10 tahun sebelum berjaya membuktikan kejayaan dan keberkesanan operasi mereka. Saya rasa kita tidak perlu ambil masa sampai begitu lama untuk menjadikan SPRM sebagai sebuah agensi anti rasuah yang berkesan. Rakyat hanya perlu memberi sokongan moral kepada SPRM sekarang.
Sememangnya, perjuangan kita membanteras rasuah mesti dan wajib diteruskan. Insyaallah.
KUALA LUMPUR – As the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) heightens efforts to combat graft, politicians from all divides must have faith and confidence in the Commission to accomplish the task entrusted to them.
Former Independent Commission Against Corruption of Hong Kong (ICAC) Commissioner Bertrand de Speville stressed that the Commission should be allowed to get on with the job of implementing national anti-corruption strategies without having to encounter any political interference.
Cautioning politicians against “second guessing” the MACC, de Speville remarked that presenting the MACC 2011 Annual Report to parliamentarians is a step towards more accountability and transparency. However, he said that this should not serve as an opportunity for politicians to start “second guessing” the anti-corruption body in its investigations into any particular cases, although they can question the report.
“When they start to second guess the Commission, they begin to undermine the independence and investigations autonomy of the of the anti-corruption body. And they will serve the country ill by doing that,” he warned.
Since stepping down in 1996 as the Commissioner of ICAC Hong Kong, de Speville has advised governments and international organizations on various aspects of anti-corruption policy and practice. From year 1997-2003, he was the adviser to the Council of Europe’s Multidisciplinary Group on Corruption.
A lawyer by profession, he practiced in the private and public sectors in London and Hong Kong and was Solicitor General of Hong Kong before being asked to turn his attention to corruption and good governance. This is his fifth visit to Malaysia.
Praising the MACC for being accountable to representatives of the public, de Speville noted that it is essential for the Commission to have friends in the local communities. He pointed out that the Anti-Corruption Advisory Board members serve as ambassadors to the public as they are first hand witnesses to the initiatives taken by the Commission.
“The Anti-Corruption Advisory Board is invaluable not only as a source of advice to the Commission but it also serves as check and balance. The board monitors the Commission on behalf of the community and board members can better gauge the Commission’s performance,” he said on 28 June 2012, during a visit to the MACC.
This, he said, helps to develop and sustain public support in what MACC is doing since public support is essential for the success against corruption.
“If you do not have public support, you cannot win the fight,” he added, besides stressing the need to equip the national anti-corruption body with sufficient funds and resources.
“It is not enough to have fine plans and great works. You have to back it with resources,” he said. [ENDS]
KUALA LUMPUR - Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia (SPRM) telah menyerahkan Laporan Tahunan SPRM 2011 kepada Jawatankuasa Khas Mengenai Rasuah (JKMR) di Parlimen hari ini.
Penyerahan ini selaras dengan Seksyen 14 Akta Suruhanajaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia (ASPRM) 2009 di mana Jawatankuasa Khas perlu memeriksa laporan tahunan Suruhanjaya dan ulasan Lembaga Penasihat Pencegahan Rasuah.
Sepertimana yang termaktub dalam Akta SPRM 2009, Jawatankuasa ini hendaklah menyediakan dan mengemukakan laporan mengenai penunaian fungsinya kepada Perdana Menteri yang hendaklah membentangkan satu salinan laporan itu di Parlimen.
Hadir menerima Laporan Tahunan 2011 SPRM adalah Pengerusi JKMR Dato’ Seri Mohd Radzi Sheikh Ahmad Dr Tan Seng Giaw, Dato Hj. Abdul Rahman Dahlan, Dato’ Hj. Ismail bin Hj. Abd Mutalib, dan Yusmadi Yusof
by : thestar 26/06/2012
PETALING JAYA - While Malaysian anticorruption initiatives have received recognition by a cofounder of a global anticorruption organisation, the challenge is to produce results to match his positive remarks, opinion leaders said.
3:04PM Mac 12, 2012
Suami menteri kabinet Datuk Seri Shahrizat Jalil – Datuk Seri Mohamad Salleh Ismail hari ini mohon dibicarakan bagi empat pertuduhan yang dikenakan ke atas dirinya.
Dua daripada pertuduhan itu adalah pecah amanah mengikut Seksyen 409 Kanun Keseksaan manakala dua lagi adalah mengikut Seksyen 132 Akta Syarikat.
Dua pertuduhan pertama itu adalah atas kesalahan menggunakan RM9,758,140 dana National Feedlot Corporation (NFC) untuk membeli dua unit kondominium di kompleks One Menerung, di Bangsar, pada 2 dan 4 Disember, 2009.
Kesalahan berikutnya pula membabitkan pemindahan RM40 juta dana NFC kepadaNational Meat ands Livestock Corporation, dari 5 Mei hingga Nov 16, 2009.
Dalam kedua-dua kes, Mohamad Salleh yang merupakan pengerusi eksekutif NFC didakwa menggunakan dana tanpa kelulusan mesyuarat agung tahunan NFC.
Ini menjadi suatu kesalahan di bawah Seksyen 132 Akta Syarikat 1965.
Isteri beliau, Shahrizat yang juga Ketua Wanita Umno berbaju kurung dan bertudung serba putih yang mengikuti proses pendakwaan di dalam mahkamah dan bagi memberikan sokongan.
Selain Mohamad Salleh, tiga orang anak mereka juga merupakan lembaga pengarah dalam syarikat berkenaan.
Ikat jamin ditetapkan pada RM500,000 bagi kedua-dua kes. Anak pasangan itu Wan Shahinur Izmir membayar wang ikat jamin.
Kes itu ditetapkan untuk sebutan pada 13 April ini.
Shahrizat semalam mengumumkan peletakan jawatan sebagai Menteri Pembangunan Wanita, Keluarga dan Masyarakat berkuat kuasa 8 April apabila tamat penggal lantikan sebagai Ahli Dewan Negara (Senator).
Namun, beliau akan mengekalkan jawatannya sebagai Ketua Wanita Umno.
Isu NFC timbul dalam Laporan Ketua Audit Negara 2010 pada Oktober tahun lalu yang menyentuh mengenai prestasi projek ternakan lembu yang diusahakan syarikat itu di Gemas, Negeri Sembilan.
MUCH of his life has been spent in fighting corruption. In fact, even after retiring from the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC)—the Hong Kong Corruption Eradication Commission—Professor Tony Kwok Man-wai remains very much involved in the battle against corruption. He is now a consultant in 21 countries, regularly delivering lectures on corruption, including in Indonesia.
Professor Kwok joined the ICAC in 1975, one year after it was founded by the then British government in Hong Kong, with a mandate to battle and prevent corruption, and carry out an anticorruption education campaign. Kwok retired when he was deputy commissioner and operations chief in 2002. That year, he was appointed Director of Corruption Studies Program at Hong Kong University, the first such academic program in the world.
Other countries, including Indonesia, regard the ICAC as a model commission in how to eradicate corruption. Because of the ICAC, Hong Kong succeeded in changing its culture of corruption in all the layers of its society. Once riddled with corruption, Hong Kong became the 13th cleanest state in the world, way ahead of Indonesia, which never seems to go under its 100 or so ranking. “If you want to change the culture, never tolerate bribery, no matter how small,” said Kwok.
During a public lecture on August 11 in Jakarta, Kwok said the battle against corruption need not take decades. The key, he said, was in the right strategy and in the people’s political will, and that there was no single solution to eradicating corruption except to have all economic and social sectors participate. The solution to corruption does not depend on just one institution.
Before the lecture, Kwok spoke at the Integrated Anti-Corruption Workshop in Semarang. Some of the participants were mid-level police officers and under. At the end of the session, one of them came to him and said: “Professor Kwok, I agree with everything you said, but you should be talking with my boss.” Kwok said that ultimately, eradicating corruption depended on the leader. That is why, it is important to have political will, regulations, a proper budget, certainty and independence, so that the anticorruption commission is free from any political interest.
Right after the lecture Kwok flew back to Hong Kong. On the way to the airport, Kwok spoke to Tempo reporters Yandi M. Rofiyandi and Yophiandi Kurniawan. Excerpts of the interview:
You seem quite convinced that eradicating corruption will not take decades.
Hong Kong, which used to be very corrupt, only took more than three years to change the people’s culture of corruption. This is the main message. People always consider the effort of changing the culture of corruption as taking a long time, in fact, generations. Apparently, this is wrong. In three years’ time, we were able to stop the syndication of corruption. Perhaps we still have individual corruption, but for sure there was a change of culture during those three years. Here, however, what is needed is political will.
What was the most evident change in Hong Kong?
Corruption is no longer open. In the past, we could see clearly corruption being committed: by taxi drivers, people asking money at schools or at hospitals, and so forth. After three years, people no longer demanded bribes. That was the clearest evidence, the most significant change in the culture of corruption. People no longer tolerated corruption in their lives and they were willing to report any forms of corruption to the police.
How do you establish an anticorruption culture in the education system?
All countries, including Indonesia, should stress cultivating an anticorruption attitude early on, such as in schools. In Hong Kong, that is what we teach in kindergarten.
In Indonesia, people generally think it would take an entire generation to change the culture of corruption because it has permeated all layers of society.
People think it takes a long time to fight really bad corruption. I disagree. The Hong Kong experience shows what can happen when the right strategy and the political will in fighting corruption are applied.
How bad was corruption in Hong Kong before the ICAC was established?
Let’s take the example of service in one hospital, based on an account given by my own mother. In the past, she had to bring her own drinking glass because the hospital charged her one dollar for it. She even had to pay for her towels. Everyone thought at the time that giving and taking money was normal. After the ICAC began operating, a banner with the words, “Giving and receiving money is a violation of the law because it is a bribe. For complaints, call the hotline number,” was placed over every billing counter. Such signs can change people’s attitude.
Was anyone at the hospital ever punished for bribery?
We arrested one hospital employee who took money, even though it was a small amount. Yet, the media criticized us: Why is the ICAC punishing people over one or two dollars? They should be after the big fish, the big corruptors. We had applied the zero tolerance policy. Big fish and small fish, if it was bribery, it was still illegal. If we want to change the culture, never tolerate bribery, no matter how small. After that one arrest, there was never any case of people asking for money in the hospital.
How did the people react when the ICAC finally went after the big fish?
Of course the people appreciated it very much. The anticorruption institution must go after the big fish so that they can demonstrate seriousness, although they cannot ignore the small cases either. That’s how the culture is changed.
Did the public ever criticize your institution?
Every year we would carry out a public opinion survey, and it would show that 98 percent of the people supported the ICAC. The survey also indicated that 90 percent of people in Hong Kong would not tolerate corruption. To the question, “Would you be willing to report a corruption case?” about 80 percent answered “Yes.”
Do you think the change in culture in Hong Kong happened because of the strong influence of British culture?
It had nothing to do with British culture but with human culture which seeks a clean culture. Corruption is global. There must be a campaign to make corruption a shameful activity. This can be done through campaign advertisements. Hong Kong had many, many anticorruption advertisements. For instance, on television, there would be a scene depicting a happy family having breakfast on their apartment balcony. An ICAC officer arrives and arrests the man in front of his wife and children. He goes to jail. The scene ends with the words: corruption destroys families.
Do you believe the death penalty is needed to eradicate corruption, as in the case of China?
I don’t think so. China applies the death penalty, yet corruption is still rife there. The maximum sentence given to corruptors in Hong Kong is 10 years and a minimum of 12 months, yet we have eliminated corruption. When senior officials are arrested, their reputation and their sense of integrity are lost. They bring shame to their families. And these are enough punishments in themselves.
Should there be some kind of incentive to compensate workers, particularly low-salaried government employees, to prevent bribes?
For low-salary government employees who find it difficult to buy milk for their babies, of course there must be an incentive not to commit corruption. That is why the government must guarantee an adequate minimum wage for its employees.
Bribery often involves more than one person. Can it be eliminated to the very roots?
We should punish both the givers of bribes, as well as the receivers. We cannot just investigate one person, because it is bound to involve many people. We used to investigate many people in one case, so that we can destroy the syndicate at the same time. Crime will go on if we arrest just one person. Everyone who is involved must be investigated at the same time. This is an important strategy.
People here doubt that corruption cases linked to politics will be dealt with.
In Hong Kong, the investigation does not stop [when politics is involved]. We pursue it until we reach the top. Political parties have no impact on us. According to the law, we cannot stop. If we stop, the public will suspect there is something wrong going on. No one is immune from the ICAC. Anyone can be caught by the ICAC dragnet.
The challenge of corruption eradication in Indonesia is the police and the prosecutor, which often refuse to cooperate with the KPK.
You must start from the very top. The KPK chairman, the police chief and the attorney general must meet and try to resolve their problems jointly. They must meet officially, to identify the next steps. So, everything begins with cooperation among the leaders. This is where the president should step in: make the chiefs of related institutions to work together.
So, the president should be involved?
If necessary, yes. Generally, he is not needed because the leaders of the institutions should be aware of their respective tasks, so there should be no need for infighting.
Should the KPK have its own investigators?
The problem is how to apportion assignments. The police cannot investigate corruption cases. If both the police and the KPK investigate simultaneously, there would be a conflict because the law is unclear about this. The police should focus on criminal cases, like murder, kidnapping, theft and other crimes. Corruption must be managed only by the KPK. In every country, the anticorruption commission is the only institution authorized to investigate corruption cases. The police should not be allowed to be involved in corruption cases. The KPK must hold the sole mandate in anticorruption efforts. If two institutions are given the same authority, conflict is bound to happen.
But the KPK is a temporary institution.
This is why the KPK needs a legal umbrella. In many countries, their anticorruption institutions are embedded in their constitutions. In Hon Kong, the anticorruption institution is independent, regulated by laws. In Mongolia, the anticorruption budget cannot be rejected by parliament. So, parliament cannot reduce their functions nor their authority by cutting its budget. The KPK must be embedded in the constitution. And they must be given the guarantee to be the sole investigator of corruption cases, to ensure there is no conflict with the police. Even the Corruption Court must be embedded in the constitution.
The recruitment of KPK officials in Indonesia must be approved by parliament. Can this reduce its independence?
The process of recruitment is acquiring the right people for the right job. The objective is to get the best candidates to be members of an independent anticorruption commission, such as the KPK. This must not be mixed with political interests.
So the selection process in parliament is not needed?
There is no need for that. The public can and should monitor the selection process. If the president appoints Professor Tony Kwok, and the people support this, but parliament disapproves, there is bound to be critical reaction from the media and from public opinion.
Some people in Indonesia, including the president, once complained that the KPK’s authority was excessive.
This institution must have power. Otherwise, it cannot function. Of course, there must be consideration towards possible abuse of power. So, a mechanism to prevent such an abuse is necessary. In Hong Kong, we have an oversight unit that consists of people outside the institutions. They are community leaders whose task is to monitor the activities of the ICAC.
In fighting corruption, did the ICAC employees face physical threats or pressure?
Many physical threats, but we are professional agents. Investigating corruption is not the business of one person, but a team. If you killed me, it would be pointless, because someone else would be picking up the investigation. What is more important in fighting corruption is a witness protection policy, because the corruptors can easily threaten weak witnesses. We even had one case in which the witness was killed. So, a good witness protection program is definitely needed. The anticorruption institution must also convince everyone concerned that all its reports must be kept secret.
How to convince the public of the need for secrecy while supporting the whistle blower?
We must maintain secrecy. No one must know who the whistleblower is. If someone at the ICAC leaks such information, the person goes to jail. We have strict laws with regard to maintaining the secrecy of the whistleblower.
What if the whistleblower is part of the problem?
Although he may be involved in the crime, his identity can only be exposed through a court order with strong evidence. If the identity cannot be kept secret, the witness should enter a witness protection program.
There’s a film called I Corrupt All Cops, which tells the story of corruption inside the Hong Kong police force and the ICAC. Is this movie based on facts?
Everything in the film is true. The police force was very corrupt at one time. One joke went that one policeman couldn’t find a bed to sleep in because all the rooms in his home were full of money, covering all the beds.
Tony Kwok Man-wai