Posts Tagged macc
Hari ini saya bersama ahli-ahli Jawatankuasa Khas Mengenai Rasuah mengadap Seri Paduka Baginda Yang Dipertuan Agong di Istana Negara untuk menerima surat cara perlantikan dari Baginda Tuanku. Jawatankuasa ini terdiri daripada ahli-ahli parlimen dari BN dan PR. Ini adalah penggal kedua untuk saya. Rakan-rakan lain di dalam jawatankuasa tersebut ialah YB Dato Seri Radzi Ahmad (BN-Kangar), YB Dr Tan Seng Giaw (DAP-Kepong), YB Datuk Ismail Mutallib (BN-Maran), YB Salahuddin Ayub (PAS-Kubang Kerian), YB Datuk Doris Sophia Brodi (BN Senator/ Timbalan Yang DiPertua Dewan Negara) dan YB Yusmadi Yusoff (PKR- Balik Pulau).
Saya sebenarnya agak risau dengan cadangan ini kerana walaupun nampak ianya baik kerana tidak perlu kebenaran Peguam Negara, namun ianya melanggar prinsip pengasingan fungsi menyiasat dan menuduh seperti dalam sistem kehakiman kita di mana polis menyiasat, Peguam Negara menuduh dan hakim mengadili.
Walaupun sebenarnya ramai ahli-ahli politik dan individu-individu telah ditangkap, didakwa dan dihukum, tanggapan “ikan bilis ditangkap, ikan jerung terlepas” masih menjadi cabaran hebat kepada SPRM. Tidak ramai yang memahami bahawa SPRM tidak boleh bertindak tanpa bukti yang kukuh sebelum membuat pendakwaan. Hanya mengesyaki seseorang terlibat di dalam rasuah (samada realiti atau tidak) tidak dapat membantu SPRM mendapatkan penghukuman oleh mahkamah. SPRM memerlukan bukti yang tidak dapat disangkal oleh peguam bela untuk mendapatkan keputusan bersalah dari mahkamah. Jika SPRM gagal mendapatkan penghukuman bersalah mahkamah, SPRM juga akan dipersalahkan kerana akan ada tuduhan liar yang mengatakan SPRM sengaja melepaskan batuk di tangga dalam usaha membanteras rasuah di dalam negara kita.
Sebagai rujukan, badan pencegah rasuah yang paling terkenal di dunia seperti ICAC Hong Kong juga memerlukan sekitar 10 tahun sebelum berjaya membuktikan kejayaan dan keberkesanan operasi mereka. Saya rasa kita tidak perlu ambil masa sampai begitu lama untuk menjadikan SPRM sebagai sebuah agensi anti rasuah yang berkesan. Rakyat hanya perlu memberi sokongan moral kepada SPRM sekarang.
Sememangnya, perjuangan kita membanteras rasuah mesti dan wajib diteruskan. Insyaallah.
KUALA LUMPUR – As the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) heightens efforts to combat graft, politicians from all divides must have faith and confidence in the Commission to accomplish the task entrusted to them.
Former Independent Commission Against Corruption of Hong Kong (ICAC) Commissioner Bertrand de Speville stressed that the Commission should be allowed to get on with the job of implementing national anti-corruption strategies without having to encounter any political interference.
Cautioning politicians against “second guessing” the MACC, de Speville remarked that presenting the MACC 2011 Annual Report to parliamentarians is a step towards more accountability and transparency. However, he said that this should not serve as an opportunity for politicians to start “second guessing” the anti-corruption body in its investigations into any particular cases, although they can question the report.
“When they start to second guess the Commission, they begin to undermine the independence and investigations autonomy of the of the anti-corruption body. And they will serve the country ill by doing that,” he warned.
Since stepping down in 1996 as the Commissioner of ICAC Hong Kong, de Speville has advised governments and international organizations on various aspects of anti-corruption policy and practice. From year 1997-2003, he was the adviser to the Council of Europe’s Multidisciplinary Group on Corruption.
A lawyer by profession, he practiced in the private and public sectors in London and Hong Kong and was Solicitor General of Hong Kong before being asked to turn his attention to corruption and good governance. This is his fifth visit to Malaysia.
Praising the MACC for being accountable to representatives of the public, de Speville noted that it is essential for the Commission to have friends in the local communities. He pointed out that the Anti-Corruption Advisory Board members serve as ambassadors to the public as they are first hand witnesses to the initiatives taken by the Commission.
“The Anti-Corruption Advisory Board is invaluable not only as a source of advice to the Commission but it also serves as check and balance. The board monitors the Commission on behalf of the community and board members can better gauge the Commission’s performance,” he said on 28 June 2012, during a visit to the MACC.
This, he said, helps to develop and sustain public support in what MACC is doing since public support is essential for the success against corruption.
“If you do not have public support, you cannot win the fight,” he added, besides stressing the need to equip the national anti-corruption body with sufficient funds and resources.
“It is not enough to have fine plans and great works. You have to back it with resources,” he said. [ENDS]
KUALA LUMPUR - Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia (SPRM) telah menyerahkan Laporan Tahunan SPRM 2011 kepada Jawatankuasa Khas Mengenai Rasuah (JKMR) di Parlimen hari ini.
Penyerahan ini selaras dengan Seksyen 14 Akta Suruhanajaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia (ASPRM) 2009 di mana Jawatankuasa Khas perlu memeriksa laporan tahunan Suruhanjaya dan ulasan Lembaga Penasihat Pencegahan Rasuah.
Sepertimana yang termaktub dalam Akta SPRM 2009, Jawatankuasa ini hendaklah menyediakan dan mengemukakan laporan mengenai penunaian fungsinya kepada Perdana Menteri yang hendaklah membentangkan satu salinan laporan itu di Parlimen.
Hadir menerima Laporan Tahunan 2011 SPRM adalah Pengerusi JKMR Dato’ Seri Mohd Radzi Sheikh Ahmad Dr Tan Seng Giaw, Dato Hj. Abdul Rahman Dahlan, Dato’ Hj. Ismail bin Hj. Abd Mutalib, dan Yusmadi Yusof
KUALA LUMPUR - To combat corruption and raise standards of business ethics, the British Malaysian Chamber of Commerce (BMCC) signed the Corporate Integrity Pledge (CIP) on 26 June 2012 at the Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre, witnessed by Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) Chief Commissioner Dato’ Sri Abu Kassim Mohamed.
Also present were British High Commissioner of Malaysia H.E. Simon Featherstone, BMCC Chairman Dato’ Larry Gan, BMCC patrons and board of directors.
Praising BMCC for working closely with MACC to promote integrity, transparency and good governance in the country, Dato’ Sri Abu Kassim pointed out that this is not only morally right but there is ample evidence to show that high standards of integrity build better businesses.
“With the signing of the CIP, it is a clear signal to all that this chamber has acknowledged the need to promote high standards of integrity. In addition they have made a commitment to support initiatives to combat corruption not only in the corporate sector alone, but in Malaysia as a whole,” he said.
The Commission aims to fight corruption and enhance integrity in all businesses and commercial activity. Thus, upholding the core values of corporate integrity must be instilled, understood and applied at all levels in a company – be it the humblest member of staff or the most senior manager.
By signing the CIP, BMCC is making a commitment and promise to uphold, commit and practice Anti-Corruption Principles for Corporations in Malaysia, both verbally and in action.
This is in accordance to the government’s emphasis on the need to promote and strengthen corporate integrity among the business and private sectors. In return, the private sectors should support the Economic Transformation Programme (ETP) in ensuring the success of the initiative, not only in terms of economic growth and sustainability, but also the country’s vision to transform itself into a fully developed nation.
Moreover, it is also a widely known fact that evidence shows clearly that companies with high standards of integrity outperform those with indifferent attitudes and unethical conduct. In short, integrity builds better businesses.
For this, the CIP is a document that allows a company to make a commitment to uphold the Anti-Corruption Principles for Corporations in Malaysia. By signing the pledge, a company is making a unilateral declaration that it will not commit to any corrupt acts. That it will work towards creating a corruption-free business environment and will uphold the Anti-Corruption Principles for Corporations in Malaysia in the conduct of its business and in its interactions with its business partners and the Government.
The beneficial effects of this are two-fold: first, a company will be making a clear stand of how it operates, where this Pledge will act as guidance to the company in its business interactions. Second, a company can use this Pledge to set itself apart from its peers by demonstrating to its stakeholders that its business operations do not include any hidden risks or costs that are associated with corrupt activities.
The Pledge is a tool to be used by companies and is not a regulatory instrument of any sort. Breaches of the pledge will not carry any legal sanction. Instead, the Pledge will be given force through self-reporting by the company, to meet the demands of its stakeholders.
MACC is ever willing to assist all companies based in Malaysia in developing awareness programs as well as providing corruption prevention and capacity building modules. [ENDS
by : thestar 26/06/2012
PETALING JAYA - While Malaysian anticorruption initiatives have received recognition by a cofounder of a global anticorruption organisation, the challenge is to produce results to match his positive remarks, opinion leaders said.
3:04PM Mac 12, 2012
Suami menteri kabinet Datuk Seri Shahrizat Jalil – Datuk Seri Mohamad Salleh Ismail hari ini mohon dibicarakan bagi empat pertuduhan yang dikenakan ke atas dirinya.
Dua daripada pertuduhan itu adalah pecah amanah mengikut Seksyen 409 Kanun Keseksaan manakala dua lagi adalah mengikut Seksyen 132 Akta Syarikat.
Dua pertuduhan pertama itu adalah atas kesalahan menggunakan RM9,758,140 dana National Feedlot Corporation (NFC) untuk membeli dua unit kondominium di kompleks One Menerung, di Bangsar, pada 2 dan 4 Disember, 2009.
Kesalahan berikutnya pula membabitkan pemindahan RM40 juta dana NFC kepadaNational Meat ands Livestock Corporation, dari 5 Mei hingga Nov 16, 2009.
Dalam kedua-dua kes, Mohamad Salleh yang merupakan pengerusi eksekutif NFC didakwa menggunakan dana tanpa kelulusan mesyuarat agung tahunan NFC.
Ini menjadi suatu kesalahan di bawah Seksyen 132 Akta Syarikat 1965.
Isteri beliau, Shahrizat yang juga Ketua Wanita Umno berbaju kurung dan bertudung serba putih yang mengikuti proses pendakwaan di dalam mahkamah dan bagi memberikan sokongan.
Selain Mohamad Salleh, tiga orang anak mereka juga merupakan lembaga pengarah dalam syarikat berkenaan.
Ikat jamin ditetapkan pada RM500,000 bagi kedua-dua kes. Anak pasangan itu Wan Shahinur Izmir membayar wang ikat jamin.
Kes itu ditetapkan untuk sebutan pada 13 April ini.
Shahrizat semalam mengumumkan peletakan jawatan sebagai Menteri Pembangunan Wanita, Keluarga dan Masyarakat berkuat kuasa 8 April apabila tamat penggal lantikan sebagai Ahli Dewan Negara (Senator).
Namun, beliau akan mengekalkan jawatannya sebagai Ketua Wanita Umno.
Isu NFC timbul dalam Laporan Ketua Audit Negara 2010 pada Oktober tahun lalu yang menyentuh mengenai prestasi projek ternakan lembu yang diusahakan syarikat itu di Gemas, Negeri Sembilan.
MUCH of his life has been spent in fighting corruption. In fact, even after retiring from the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC)—the Hong Kong Corruption Eradication Commission—Professor Tony Kwok Man-wai remains very much involved in the battle against corruption. He is now a consultant in 21 countries, regularly delivering lectures on corruption, including in Indonesia.
Professor Kwok joined the ICAC in 1975, one year after it was founded by the then British government in Hong Kong, with a mandate to battle and prevent corruption, and carry out an anticorruption education campaign. Kwok retired when he was deputy commissioner and operations chief in 2002. That year, he was appointed Director of Corruption Studies Program at Hong Kong University, the first such academic program in the world.
Other countries, including Indonesia, regard the ICAC as a model commission in how to eradicate corruption. Because of the ICAC, Hong Kong succeeded in changing its culture of corruption in all the layers of its society. Once riddled with corruption, Hong Kong became the 13th cleanest state in the world, way ahead of Indonesia, which never seems to go under its 100 or so ranking. “If you want to change the culture, never tolerate bribery, no matter how small,” said Kwok.
During a public lecture on August 11 in Jakarta, Kwok said the battle against corruption need not take decades. The key, he said, was in the right strategy and in the people’s political will, and that there was no single solution to eradicating corruption except to have all economic and social sectors participate. The solution to corruption does not depend on just one institution.
Before the lecture, Kwok spoke at the Integrated Anti-Corruption Workshop in Semarang. Some of the participants were mid-level police officers and under. At the end of the session, one of them came to him and said: “Professor Kwok, I agree with everything you said, but you should be talking with my boss.” Kwok said that ultimately, eradicating corruption depended on the leader. That is why, it is important to have political will, regulations, a proper budget, certainty and independence, so that the anticorruption commission is free from any political interest.
Right after the lecture Kwok flew back to Hong Kong. On the way to the airport, Kwok spoke to Tempo reporters Yandi M. Rofiyandi and Yophiandi Kurniawan. Excerpts of the interview:
You seem quite convinced that eradicating corruption will not take decades.
Hong Kong, which used to be very corrupt, only took more than three years to change the people’s culture of corruption. This is the main message. People always consider the effort of changing the culture of corruption as taking a long time, in fact, generations. Apparently, this is wrong. In three years’ time, we were able to stop the syndication of corruption. Perhaps we still have individual corruption, but for sure there was a change of culture during those three years. Here, however, what is needed is political will.
What was the most evident change in Hong Kong?
Corruption is no longer open. In the past, we could see clearly corruption being committed: by taxi drivers, people asking money at schools or at hospitals, and so forth. After three years, people no longer demanded bribes. That was the clearest evidence, the most significant change in the culture of corruption. People no longer tolerated corruption in their lives and they were willing to report any forms of corruption to the police.
How do you establish an anticorruption culture in the education system?
All countries, including Indonesia, should stress cultivating an anticorruption attitude early on, such as in schools. In Hong Kong, that is what we teach in kindergarten.
In Indonesia, people generally think it would take an entire generation to change the culture of corruption because it has permeated all layers of society.
People think it takes a long time to fight really bad corruption. I disagree. The Hong Kong experience shows what can happen when the right strategy and the political will in fighting corruption are applied.
How bad was corruption in Hong Kong before the ICAC was established?
Let’s take the example of service in one hospital, based on an account given by my own mother. In the past, she had to bring her own drinking glass because the hospital charged her one dollar for it. She even had to pay for her towels. Everyone thought at the time that giving and taking money was normal. After the ICAC began operating, a banner with the words, “Giving and receiving money is a violation of the law because it is a bribe. For complaints, call the hotline number,” was placed over every billing counter. Such signs can change people’s attitude.
Was anyone at the hospital ever punished for bribery?
We arrested one hospital employee who took money, even though it was a small amount. Yet, the media criticized us: Why is the ICAC punishing people over one or two dollars? They should be after the big fish, the big corruptors. We had applied the zero tolerance policy. Big fish and small fish, if it was bribery, it was still illegal. If we want to change the culture, never tolerate bribery, no matter how small. After that one arrest, there was never any case of people asking for money in the hospital.
How did the people react when the ICAC finally went after the big fish?
Of course the people appreciated it very much. The anticorruption institution must go after the big fish so that they can demonstrate seriousness, although they cannot ignore the small cases either. That’s how the culture is changed.
Did the public ever criticize your institution?
Every year we would carry out a public opinion survey, and it would show that 98 percent of the people supported the ICAC. The survey also indicated that 90 percent of people in Hong Kong would not tolerate corruption. To the question, “Would you be willing to report a corruption case?” about 80 percent answered “Yes.”
Do you think the change in culture in Hong Kong happened because of the strong influence of British culture?
It had nothing to do with British culture but with human culture which seeks a clean culture. Corruption is global. There must be a campaign to make corruption a shameful activity. This can be done through campaign advertisements. Hong Kong had many, many anticorruption advertisements. For instance, on television, there would be a scene depicting a happy family having breakfast on their apartment balcony. An ICAC officer arrives and arrests the man in front of his wife and children. He goes to jail. The scene ends with the words: corruption destroys families.
Do you believe the death penalty is needed to eradicate corruption, as in the case of China?
I don’t think so. China applies the death penalty, yet corruption is still rife there. The maximum sentence given to corruptors in Hong Kong is 10 years and a minimum of 12 months, yet we have eliminated corruption. When senior officials are arrested, their reputation and their sense of integrity are lost. They bring shame to their families. And these are enough punishments in themselves.
Should there be some kind of incentive to compensate workers, particularly low-salaried government employees, to prevent bribes?
For low-salary government employees who find it difficult to buy milk for their babies, of course there must be an incentive not to commit corruption. That is why the government must guarantee an adequate minimum wage for its employees.
Bribery often involves more than one person. Can it be eliminated to the very roots?
We should punish both the givers of bribes, as well as the receivers. We cannot just investigate one person, because it is bound to involve many people. We used to investigate many people in one case, so that we can destroy the syndicate at the same time. Crime will go on if we arrest just one person. Everyone who is involved must be investigated at the same time. This is an important strategy.
People here doubt that corruption cases linked to politics will be dealt with.
In Hong Kong, the investigation does not stop [when politics is involved]. We pursue it until we reach the top. Political parties have no impact on us. According to the law, we cannot stop. If we stop, the public will suspect there is something wrong going on. No one is immune from the ICAC. Anyone can be caught by the ICAC dragnet.
The challenge of corruption eradication in Indonesia is the police and the prosecutor, which often refuse to cooperate with the KPK.
You must start from the very top. The KPK chairman, the police chief and the attorney general must meet and try to resolve their problems jointly. They must meet officially, to identify the next steps. So, everything begins with cooperation among the leaders. This is where the president should step in: make the chiefs of related institutions to work together.
So, the president should be involved?
If necessary, yes. Generally, he is not needed because the leaders of the institutions should be aware of their respective tasks, so there should be no need for infighting.
Should the KPK have its own investigators?
The problem is how to apportion assignments. The police cannot investigate corruption cases. If both the police and the KPK investigate simultaneously, there would be a conflict because the law is unclear about this. The police should focus on criminal cases, like murder, kidnapping, theft and other crimes. Corruption must be managed only by the KPK. In every country, the anticorruption commission is the only institution authorized to investigate corruption cases. The police should not be allowed to be involved in corruption cases. The KPK must hold the sole mandate in anticorruption efforts. If two institutions are given the same authority, conflict is bound to happen.
But the KPK is a temporary institution.
This is why the KPK needs a legal umbrella. In many countries, their anticorruption institutions are embedded in their constitutions. In Hon Kong, the anticorruption institution is independent, regulated by laws. In Mongolia, the anticorruption budget cannot be rejected by parliament. So, parliament cannot reduce their functions nor their authority by cutting its budget. The KPK must be embedded in the constitution. And they must be given the guarantee to be the sole investigator of corruption cases, to ensure there is no conflict with the police. Even the Corruption Court must be embedded in the constitution.
The recruitment of KPK officials in Indonesia must be approved by parliament. Can this reduce its independence?
The process of recruitment is acquiring the right people for the right job. The objective is to get the best candidates to be members of an independent anticorruption commission, such as the KPK. This must not be mixed with political interests.
So the selection process in parliament is not needed?
There is no need for that. The public can and should monitor the selection process. If the president appoints Professor Tony Kwok, and the people support this, but parliament disapproves, there is bound to be critical reaction from the media and from public opinion.
Some people in Indonesia, including the president, once complained that the KPK’s authority was excessive.
This institution must have power. Otherwise, it cannot function. Of course, there must be consideration towards possible abuse of power. So, a mechanism to prevent such an abuse is necessary. In Hong Kong, we have an oversight unit that consists of people outside the institutions. They are community leaders whose task is to monitor the activities of the ICAC.
In fighting corruption, did the ICAC employees face physical threats or pressure?
Many physical threats, but we are professional agents. Investigating corruption is not the business of one person, but a team. If you killed me, it would be pointless, because someone else would be picking up the investigation. What is more important in fighting corruption is a witness protection policy, because the corruptors can easily threaten weak witnesses. We even had one case in which the witness was killed. So, a good witness protection program is definitely needed. The anticorruption institution must also convince everyone concerned that all its reports must be kept secret.
How to convince the public of the need for secrecy while supporting the whistle blower?
We must maintain secrecy. No one must know who the whistleblower is. If someone at the ICAC leaks such information, the person goes to jail. We have strict laws with regard to maintaining the secrecy of the whistleblower.
What if the whistleblower is part of the problem?
Although he may be involved in the crime, his identity can only be exposed through a court order with strong evidence. If the identity cannot be kept secret, the witness should enter a witness protection program.
There’s a film called I Corrupt All Cops, which tells the story of corruption inside the Hong Kong police force and the ICAC. Is this movie based on facts?
Everything in the film is true. The police force was very corrupt at one time. One joke went that one policeman couldn’t find a bed to sleep in because all the rooms in his home were full of money, covering all the beds.
Tony Kwok Man-wai
December 9, 2010
NICK GREINER, the former premier who set up the Independent Commission Against Corruption only to become its biggest scalp, has defended the watchdog against claims it is wasting its time and taxpayers’ money on petty matters.
Government MPs, including the chairman of the parliamentary oversight committee on the ICAC, Richard Amery, have criticised the commission’s investigation of the Drummoyne MP Angela D’Amore, who it found acted corruptly in claiming $4500 in entitlements for two staff.
The ICAC has asked the Director of Public Prosecutions to consider charges of misconduct in public office against Ms D’Amore for authorising claims she knew were false. She is considering an appeal.
Advertisement: Story continues below
Mr Amery described holding public hearings into the matter as ”a significant waste of resources” at a time when the commission was seeking a $5 million increase in its $20 million budget.
”What serious or systematic cases of corruption were left on the shelf to investigate what I call a low-scale event?” he asked.
However, Mr Greiner told the Herald it was impractical to look at restricting what the ICAC investigates. ”I think it’s a bit easy to say that they shouldn’t investigate small things. It’s about trying to change culture and attitude. It’s not whether this is a venal or mortal sin.”
Mr Greiner drew a parallel between the commission’s need to publicly pursue relatively minor matters with the ”zero tolerance” approach to crime in New York under the city’s former mayor, Rudy Giuliani.
”If you want to change the culture in State Rail, there’s no point waiting around until you get someone who is making $5 million from some rort.”
In 1992, as premier, Mr Greiner was found to have acted corruptly within the definition of the ICAC Act by the then commissioner Ian Temby over the appointment of the former Liberal MP Terry Metherell to a senior public service job.
Mr Greiner resigned as premier over the affair, but later had the finding of corrupt conduct overturned in the Court of Appeal.
In a statement after the ICAC’s findings in her matter, Ms D’Amore said she was seeking legal advice on an appeal to quash the findings”.
Ms D’Amore has been sacked as a parliamentary secretary to the ministers for police and the environment over the findings. Her party membership has also been suspended.
She has confirmed she will not resign from Parliament but will not stand for preselection in Drummoyne at next year’s state election.
Labor had delayed preselection for Drummoyne until the ICAC handed down its findings on Ms D’Amore and is now expected to call for nominations within days.
If he nominates, the mayor of Canada Bay, Angelo Tsirekas, is favoured to become Labor’s candidate for the seat, which is held by 7.6 per cent.
KUALA LUMPUR, Jan 9 (Bernama) — Corruption is perhaps among the oldest ethical problem in the history of humankind, it is the reflection of a society’s impaired integrity and in the bigger picture a society that is morally corrupt.
Malaysians in particular are concerned with the country’s unenviable position in the corruption perception index despite the unwavering efforts of Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak and his government to eradicate the menace.
In 2011, Malaysia’s ranking in the Transparency International’s Corruption Perception Index declined to 60 out of 183 nations compared with 56th position out of 178 nations in 2010.
So far the public sector bore the brunt of the blame for corrupt practices but if the recent series of graft cases published in the media are anything to go by, graft is rampant in the business world too.
The latest, rampant corrupt practices among employees of Iskandar Investment Berhad were discovered following an audit on the corporation entrusted with the task of developing the southern economic region, Iskandar Malaysia.
CORRUPTION IN THE BUSINESS WORLD
Malaysian Society for Transparency and Integrity secretary-general Josie M. Fernandez noted that corruption in the corporate world has dire consequences on the nation.
Business corruption can occur in two conditions, namely involving individuals of a company or involving the company itself.
Fernandez said such practice leads to increase in the cost of doing business in the country and therefore future investors will shy away from doing business here.
“Companies will not invest if they do not see good profit margin in a business deal, so if you add corruption cost the profit margin shrinks.
“Moreover, big investors look for countries with good business ethics that will ensure their businesses bloom. So business corruption can bring down our country’s economy,” she told Bernama.
Fernandez is glad to note that the Malaysian goverment through the Performance Management & Delivery Unit (Pemandu) has taken bold steps like introducing the corporate integrity pledge to fight business corruption.
BUSINESS CORRUPTION ANY ENTERPRENEUR’S NIGHTMARE
By and large, corruption in the business world happens in all sectors with far reaching implications.
The Malay Traders and Entrepreneurs’s Association President Datuk Moehamad Izat Emir shed some light on the implication from the corrupt practices of the business world.
“Corrupt business practices could affect the growth of entrepreneurs with potential in the country. Take for example, if only certain enterpreneurs get tenders from a company through corrupt manner others have no chance to introduce their offerings that could be better.
“The worse thing is that when the bidder who gets the tender by corrupt means has no ability to carry out work,” he said.
Moehamad Izat commended the efforts made by Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commision (MACC) for extending its anti corruption crusade to the business world.
MACC’s relentless effort to take on anyone involved in corruption regardless of their position would also help improve public perception on the organisation.
“I suggest that the government increases MACC’s budget so that it can have a lot more officers and facilities to fight corruption in Malaysia.
“But we cannot depend on MACC alone to fight corruption, change in public perception is important. We must see corruption as something really evil for our society, not just another ‘handshake’ in concluding a transaction,” he said.
The president of Malaysian Association of Tour and Travel Agents Datuk Mohd Khalid Harun said corrupt business practices spares no industry.
“Even the tourism business is not spared,” he said adding that with corrupt practice there would not be transparency in business transactions and this will affect planning, management and others in the industry.
“Corruption can deny valuable opportunities for tourism players with expertise, capability and commitment. I also fear that the tourism product in this country will also be affected,” he said.
Meanwhile, Pan Malaysian Bus Operators Association President Datuk Mohamad Ashfar Ali said; “When people without expertise and experience get permits or any transport projects, the quality of service will be affected.
“We must remember transport is an important facility for people in this country. People will lament if there is no quality in the transport service ,” he said.
While Malaysians have yet to see iconic anti graft crusaders like India’s Anna Hazare, they can still count on the government that is committed in doing its level best to eradicate the malaise.
However, the success of this undertaking depends on every citizen’s contribution and not dependent on the government alone.
by: anticorruption January 9. 2012
In some parts of the world speaking out against corruption can be met with threats, intimidation and physical harm, even death. Courageous individuals work at great personal risk to make their voices heard in places where dissent can meet with harsh repercussions. The beginning of January saw the brutal murder of one such individual, Sri Lankan newspaper editor Lasantha Wickramatunga.
On 8 January, Wickramatunga was shot by unidentified gunmen on motorcycles on his way to work. He was rushed to hospital but died after three hours of emergency surgery.
Wickramatunga received “numerous death threats through his career and was detained on several occasions because of the controversial nature of his stories,” notes the BBC. The Sunday Leader newspaper is renowned for being critical of the government, and Wickramatunga, a qualified lawyer, had “often fought defamation cases brought by senior politicians,” reports AFP. In 1998 gunmen shot at his home and the paper’s printing presses have come under repeated arson attacks.
“Lasantha was a symbol of dissent whose motto was “unbowed and unafraid”. His life was full of challenges all revolving around exposing of corruption. Many took to investigative journalism due to his leadership and guidance. When the media was attacked with impunity, he stood strong exposing those responsible. His death has exposed the danger of being a corruption fighter but, let us hope, thousands of Sri Lankans will come forward to stand by his motto,” said J.C. Weliamuna, Executive Director of TI Sri Lanka.
Hundreds of Sri Lankan journalists took to the streets of Colombo to protest Wickramatunga’s murder and the suppression of the media. The US, European Union, India and the World Bank also joined in condemning the shooting as “the government came under local and foreign pressure to protect freedom of expression,” writes AFP.
Wickramatunga had been highly critical of the government’s policy and the war with the Tamil Tigers. In his final editorial, he wrote, “Winning the war? Then there must be elections around the corner. It is no secret that the war has become Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapakse’s recipe for electoral success.”
Rajapakse has publicly condemned the killing and ordered a police investigation into the murder. “This heinous crime points to the grave dangers faced by the democratic social order of our country, and the existence of forces that will go to the furthest extremes in using terror and criminality to damage our social fabric and bring disrepute to the country,” said Rajapakse in a statement.
However, Amnesty’s Sri Lankan country specialist questions the likelihood of the perpetrators being brought to justice. “At least 14 journalists or other media workers have been killed in Sri Lanka over the past three years. More than 20 journalists have left the country due to death threats…the police have yet to find the killers of any of the other murdered journalists,” he writes. “
Journalists face murder, harassment, abduction and arbitrary detention in Sri Lanka,” reports Reuters. Sri Lanka was ranked 165th out of 173 countries in media rights group Reporters Without Border’s 2008 Press Freedom Index – the lowest ranking of any democratic country. The group criticised Rajapaksa and the government media saying they had, “incited hatred against him and allowed an outrageous level of impunity to develop as regards violence against the press.”
The murder of Wickramatunga is one more tragic example of a worrying pattern of violence and intimidation against the media and civil society in Sri Lanka. In September 2008, the home of TI Sri Lanka’s Executive Director J.C. Weliamuna came under a grenade attack, which has yet to be fully investigated, and the MTV/MBC television studios near Colombo were stormed by 15 masked gunmen on 6 January.
In 2000, Wickramatunga was awarded Transparency International’s first Integrity Award to underscore his commitment to unearthing corruption and in recognition of the difficult and dangerous circumstances he faced as The Sunday Leader editor. “Lasantha Wickramatunga’s assassination is a grim reminder to us all that some activists still have to pay the highest of prices for their dogged pursuit of accountability and transparency. I feel privileged to have met Lasantha Wickramatunga and I hope that his memory will stand as a symbol of perseverance and courage for all anti-corruption activists,” said Susan Côté-Freeman, who handled TI’s 2000 Integrity Awards programme and is now TI’s Private Sector Programme Manager.