Posts Tagged macc

Kerajaan Komited Dalam Usaha Memerangi Gejala

 

KUALA LUMPUR, 4 Oktober 2012- Perdana Menteri, Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak hari ini menyatakan kerajaan komited dalam usaha memerangi gejala rasuah dan ianya  terus kekal menjadi keutamaan kerajaan dengan meletakkannya sebagai satu Bidang Keberhasilan Utama Negara (NKRA) dalam Program Transformasi Kerajaan (GTP) dan Program Transformasi Ekonomi (ETP).

Katanya, pelbagai pendekatan yang diambil dalam membanteras gejala rasuah menunjukkan keseriusan kerajaan, termasuk transformasi aspek rangka kerja sehingga penubuhan Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia (SPRM).

“Kita selalu mendengar apabila orang bercakap mengenai rasuah, perkara pertama yang berada dalam fikiran adalah penyalahgunaan kuasa dalam kalangan penjawat kerajaan dan ahli-ahli politik dan kita perlu berhenti melihat perbuatan itu hanya kepada penjawat awam dan ahli-ahli politik.

“Tanggapan sedemikian sebenarnya cukup dangkal kerana pada hakikatnya gejala rasuah boleh dilakukan oleh sesiapa sahaja,” katanya ketika berucap pada majlis perasmian Persidangan Pertubuhan Agensi Penguat Kuasa Anti Rasuah Antarabangsa (IAACA) Keenam di Pusat Konvensyen Kuala Lumpur di sini.

Majlis disertai lebih 1,000 pegawai pencegah rasuah dari 120 negara itu turut dihadiri Peguam Negara, Tan Sri Abdul Gani Patail, Ketua Pesuruhjaya SPRM, Datuk Seri Abu Kassim Mohamed dan Presiden IAACA, Prof. Cao Jianming.

Pada majlis itu, Najib turut menyerahkan sumbangan kerajaan sebanyak RM1 juta untuk menjayakan Akademi Anti Rasuah Antarabangsa kepada Pengerusi IAACA, Martin Kreutner.

Perdana Menteri, semua pihak patut melihat usaha memerangi rasuah dalam perspektif lebih luas kerana terdapat masyarakat berjaya mengurangkan aktiviti itu dengan bergantung kepada kesedaran sivik yang tinggi.

“Kesedaran ini boleh dilaksanakan dengan tumpuan khusus dalam etika, norma-norma dan nilai masyarakat yang berbeza.

“Kesedaran itu cukup kritikal kepada individu yang berada dalam kekuasaan jawatan dan kewibawaan untuk mencontohi nilai-nilai yang perlu diikuti oleh kumpulan yang berada di bawahnya,”katanya.

“Nilai kesedaran yang betul dan kepimpinan etika asal itu sebenarnya bermula dari rumah,” tegas beliau

TAMAT

 

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KL Conference a Vital Platform to Strengthen International Cooperation & Improve Technical Assistance, says IAACA President

KUALA LUMPUR – The International Association of Anti-Corruption Authorities (IAACA) President Professor Cao Jianming praised Malaysia for successfully hosting the 6th IAACA Annual Conference and General Meeting from 4 to 7 October 2012.

” On behalf of IAACA, I wish to extend warm congratulations to the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) for its remarkable work in organizing this conference, and sincere thanks to the MACC Chief Commissioner Dato’ Sri Abu Kassim Mohamed and all his colleagues at the MACC for the thoughtful arrangements, gracious hospitality and hard work,” he said during the Closing Ceremony of the 6th IAACA Conference on 7 October.

This conference is an important conference for anti-corruption authorities of all countries and regions to strengthen information exchange, enhance mutual understanding and promote technical assistance, and is also a great event in the field of international cooperation in anti-corruption.

In the past four days, prosecutors-general, attorneys general, ministers of supervision, heads of anti-corruption authorities, representatives of international anti-corruption organizations, and experts and scholars from all over the world had extensive and in-depth discussions on issues related to information exchange and technical assistance, a subject of common interest.

Professor Cao pointed out that the ‘IAACA Kuala Lumpur Declaration’ which was published demonstrated the firm determination of all participants to further strengthen the international cooperation and improve the technical assistance.

He added that IAACA participants had also urged States Parties to set up mutual legal assistance schemes to afford one another the widest measure of technical assistance; to initiate, develop or improve specific training programmes on preventing and fighting corruption to improve law enforcement skills for officials; and to continue to provide developing countries a wide range of capacity building assistance; and to increase the amount of resources needed to support developing countries to implement UNCAC, and etc.

He stated that the IAACA Secretariat will submit the Declaration to the Conference of States Parties to UNCAC and relevant United Nations agencies. The Declaration will also be promoted in all member states.

Professor Cao noted that broad consensus was reached on strengthening information exchange and promoting technical assistance.

During the four days, participants made keynote speeches and presentations at the opening ceremony and seminar, introducing the anti-corruption work in their respective countries and regions.

Through the exchange of views on some important issues, broad consensus was reach on strengthening dialogue and communication among the anti-corruption authorities of all countries and regions.

Secondly, IAACA delegates agreed to make the best use of the platform and channel provided by IAACA, take an active part in the annual meetings, seminars and anti-corruption awareness activities held by IAACA, and improve the working mechanisms for training, discussion and skill development to promote exchanges and cooperation.

Thirdly, IAACA members will actively implement the measures of technical assistance, strengthen information exchange and technical assistance, work hard to provide multifaceted assistance to developing countries, including financial contribution, material support and skills training, so as to improve these countries’ ability to fight and prevent corruption crimes, and achieve a balanced development of international anti-corruption work.

Fourthly, IAACA participants will strengthen judicial assistance and law enforcement cooperation, earnestly implement the working mechanisms on international cooperation, joint law enforcement and asset recovery under UNCAC, carry out closer international criminal justice cooperation, including mutual assistance in investigation and evidence collection in cases that concern both sides, stolen asset recovery, extradition and joint investigation, learn the experience from each other and jointly fight and prevent corruption crimes. [ENDS]

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IAACA President & Prosecutor-General of Supreme People’s Procuratorate of the People’s Republic of China

The Following text were the speech of IAACA President, Prof. Cao Jianming during the Opening Ceremony of the 6th IAACA Annual Conference and General Meeting, Kuala Lumpur;

Your Excellency Mr. Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib bin Tun Abd Razak, Prime Minister of Malaysia,

Respected Mr. Dato’ Sri Abu Kassim bin Mohamed, Chief Commissioner of Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission,

Dear Colleagues,

Ladies and Gentlemen,

It is my great pleasure to join all of you in attending the Sixth IAACA Annual Conference and General Meeting held in the beautiful city of Kuala Lumpur. The Malaysian Government has attached great importance to this conference and Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak has taken time out of his busy schedule to attend and address this meeting. Here, on behalf of IAACA (International Association of Anti-Corruption Authorities), I wish to express my heartfelt thanks to Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak for his presence and to the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission for organizing this conference!

It is gratifying to see that, since the last annual conference and thanks to vigorous efforts of IAACA, exchanges and cooperation between anti-corruption authorities in all countries and regions have been deepened, and new progress has been made in promoting the implementation of the UNCAC (United Nations Convention against Corruption) and the in-depth development of international anti-corruption cooperation. In the past year, IAACA was highly productive in its work, especially in hosting the following major activities:

Firstly, the Fifth IAACA Annual Conference and General Meeting were held in Marrakech, Morocco in October 2011. Nearly 400 participants from 85 countries and regions attended the conference, including prosecutors-general, attorneys general, ministers of supervision, heads of anti-corruption authorities and representatives of 9 international organizations. The conference made an in-depth discussion on the prevention and investigation for transfer of proceeds of offences, the mechanism of direct asset recovery, the international cooperation in asset recovery, forfeiture of assets, asset disposal and asset return, as well as closer bilateral and multilateral cooperation in asset recovery, issued the IAACA Marrakech Declaration, which was well received by the international community after IAACA Secretariat submitted it to the Conference of States Parties to UNCAC and relevant UN agencies and promoted it among all member countries. The conference also adopted the IAACA Work Plan which laid a good foundation for the sustainable development of IAACA.

Secondly, IAACA and ICAC (the Independent Commission against Corruption) HongKong jointly held the First International Anti-Corruption Public Service Announcement Video Competition and Seminar in Hong Kong in December 2011. Over 200 participants from 33 countries and regions took part in the seminar, and 29 anti-corruption videos were presented in the competition. It has actively promoted exchanges and experience-sharing among anti-corruption authorities of all countries and regions and improved the use of media for anti-corruption awareness campaign.

Thirdly, the spring meeting of IAACA Executive Committee was held in Arusha, Tanzania in March 2012. It was attended by representatives from 20 countries and regions, including executive members, observers and representatives of relevant international organizations. The meeting reviewed and evaluated the IAACA Working Report last year and put forward constructive suggestions for the work and activities this year. Discussions were held on the review mechanism for implementation of UNCAC, and adopted the Proposal on Promotion of IAACA International Anti-Corruption Public Service Announcement Videos , the Proposal on the Sixth IAACA Annual Conference and General Meeting and the Proposal on Holding IAACA Seminar in Dalian, China.

Fourthly, the Fourth IAACA Seminar was held in Dalian, China in June 2012. A total of over 400 judicial officials, experts and scholars from over 80 countries and regions took part in the seminar. They gave comprehensive reports on the anti-corruption legislation and work in their respective countries and regions, the international cooperation on asset recovery and the difficulties and problems involved. They had in-depth discussions and shared experience on how to effectively prevent, monitor and investigate transfer of assets across jurisdictions, freezing, forfeiture, seizure, recovery and return of assets. The seminar has improved the work capacity of anti-corruption authorities of all countries and regions and the international anti-corruption cooperation.

These achievements would have been impossible without active participation of all members, especially the executive members. Here, on behalf of IAACA, I wish to express sincere thanks to all executive members and members, especially Mr. Abdesselam Aboudrar, Chairman of the Central Authority for Corruption Prevention of the Kingdom of Morocco, Mr. Timothy Tong, former Commissioner of ICAC HongKong, Dr. Edward G.Hoseah, Director General of PCCB (The Prevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau) of the United Republic of Tanzania, People’s Procuratorate of Liaoning Province and Dalian of P.R.China for their great support.

Dear Colleagues,

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Anti-corruption is a common task facing every country in the world, and strengthening exchanges and cooperation in anti-corruption has become an inevitable choice of the international community. Given differences in the level of economic development, political and legal system, historical and cultural background, as well as in legislation, investigation, prosecution and punitive measures for fighting and preventing corruption crimes, countries and regions may be different in their anti-corruption work development. Nonetheless, we should, in the spirit of mutual respect, mutual benefit and win-win cooperation, deepen our cooperation and mutual support to jointly fight and prevent transnational corruption crimes. This conference takes “Technical Assistance and Information Exchange” as the theme and focuses on discussions on “The Need for Intelligence-Led Policing in the Investigation and Prevention of Corrupt Practices”, “Denial of Safe Havens: Core Elements & Strategies”, “Income & Asset Declarations”,”Capacity Building: The Importance of Technical Assistance”, “Proactive Investigation: Staying Ahead”,”Performance Accountability & Integrity in Government Administuative and Business Practices”,”International Recovery of III-Gotten Assets: Case Histories”,”The Role of Prosecutors and Judiciary in Combating Corruption”, which is of important practical significance.I wish to put forward the following points for our discussion:

First, strengthen dialogue and information exchange, and share experience and achievements in anti-corruption. The anti-corruption, procuratorate and judicial authorities of all countries and regions should, in the form of high-level visits, regular seminars, personnel training and academic exchange, strengthen their dialogue and information exchange to enhance mutual understanding and mutual trust. We should make full use of the IAACA platform and actively participate in the IAACA annual conferences, general meetings and seminars, so as to exchange experience in fighting and preventing corruption and promote international cooperation in anti-corruption.

Second, implement the measures of technical assistance to promote balanced development of anti-corruption work. We should earnestly implement the provisions on technical assistance under the Convention, strengthen technical assistance for developing countries, provide them with extensive assistance, including financial contribution, material support and training, and assist developing countries in improving anti-corruption legislation and working mechanism to improve their capability to fight and prevent corruption crimes.

Third, strengthen international cooperation and enhance the level of fighting and preventing corruption crimes. We should take full advantage of the regional or international conferences, seminar mechanisms, and bilateral or multilateral treaties or arrangements, to strengthen information exchange and technical assistance, actively carry out anti-corruption cooperation and training activities, and train all kinds of anti-corruption personnel; and IAACA should, on the basis of the Work Plan, conduct closer cooperation with those anti-corruption authorities with rich experiences and strong work capabilities, as well as relevant international organizations, organize more trainings and seminars with more specialized knowledge, more diversified forms and richer contents, to provide better service and support for member states.

Dear Colleagues,

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Creating an international community of harmony, stability and integrity requires common efforts of all countries and regions. We should, on the basis of mutual respect, adopt a more proactive and open attitude towards cooperation and explore more pragmatic and effective modes for cooperation, so as to promote the development of anti-corruption technical assistance and information exchange. I sincerely hope that all participants can take the opportunity of this conference to enhance mutual understanding, expand common ground in exchanges and develop friendship in cooperation. Together, we will make great contribution to the sound development of the international anti-corruption cause.

Thank you!

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Cabaran dalam meningkatkan integriti penjawat awam

Oleh DATUK AHMAD KHUSAIRI YAHAYA

PENULIS ialah Pengarah Bahagian Dasar, Perancangan dan Penyelidikan SPRM

KESERIUSAN kerajaan dalam meningkatkan integriti dan mengekang jenayah rasuah di kalangan pegawai awam jelas menerusi pelaksanaan pelbagai dasar dan program yang diperkenalkan sejak sedekad lalu.

Antaranya menjadikan rasuah sebagai salah satu daripada bidang penting yang ditekankan dalam Pelan Transformasi Kerajaan (GTP). Untuk itu, sebanyak 27 inisiatif telah dan sedang dilaksanakan dengan giatnya menerusi Bidang Keberhasilan Utama Negara atau NKRA Berkaitan Rasuah.

Apa yang menjadi faktor paling kritikal dalam memastikan usaha meningkatkan tahap integriti perkhidmatan awam, sebenarnya bukanlah terletak pada hanya kesungguhan kerajaan. Kesungguhan itu juga perlu datang dari kepimpinan agensi kerajaan dan menuntut semua lapisan warganya untuk berubah.

Sejak kebelakangan ini, terdapat perubahan yang boleh dibanggakan ditunjukkan oleh kalangan anggota perkhidmatan awam berbanding sedekad lalu. Hakikatnya, tahap kesedaran para pegawai awam terhadap integriti dan semangat anti-rasuah jelas meningkat. Namun demikian, masih banyak ruang boleh diperbaiki untuk menjadikannya unggul di kaca mata masyarakat.

Berdasarkan perangkaan SPRM sepanjang sembilan tahun iaitu 2003 hingga 2011, secara keseluruhannya, purata tangkapan ke atas penjawat awam adalah seramai 260 orang setahun. Berbanding jumlah keseluruhan penjawat awam di Malaysia iaitu 1.4 juta orang, peratusannya adalah terlalu kecil iaitu sekitar 0.018 peratus sahaja.

Walaupun kelihatan kecil namun jika tidak dibendung ia mampu meruntuhkan negara. Pegawai awam dilihat mempunyai kuasa dan kuasa ini jika disalahgunakan boleh mengakibatkan kesan yang amat buruk.

Trend perubahan ke arah pembudayaan integriti dan anti-rasuah di kalangan pegawai awam jelas ketara bermula 2009. Terdapat pengurangan yang jelas dari segi jumlah tangkapan ke atas penjawat awam berbanding tangkapan ke atas sektor swasta dan orang awam. Kempen Perangi Pemberi Rasuah benar-benar menghasilkan impak yang besar dalam sejarah pencegahan rasuah di negara ini. Sejak pelancarannya pada 2009, jumlah penjawat awam dan swasta yang ditangkap kerana cuba menyogok pegawai awam melonjak begitu tinggi. Dalam 2009 misalnya, jumlah tangkapan keseluruhan SPRM ialah seramai 500 orang kerana ditangkap cuba memberi rasuah seramai 98 orang. Melonjak melebihi empat kali ganda iaitu seramai 424 orang dalam 2010 dan 389 orang dalam 2011. Jumlah wang sogokan bermula dari RM50 ke angka RM1 juta.

Perubahan BPR kepada SPRM dalam 2009 sebenarnya membawa kepada perubahan dari segi pendekatan dan strategi pencegahan rasuah di negara ini. SPRM menetapkan tiga bidang utama iaitu penguatkuasaan, perolehan (sebut harga dan tender awam) dan projek mega kerajaan sebagai fokus utamanya.

Beberapa kelemahan yang selama ini menghalang usaha pencegahan rasuah dikenal pasti, antaranya tanggapan bahawa tanggungjawab memerangi rasuah terletak di tangan SPRM semata-mata, kurangnya inisiatif agensi awam untuk mencegah rasuah; mekanisme kawalan dalaman yang longgar dan tidak sempurna dan kesalahan rasuah tidak dianggap sebagai kesalahan berat bagi kes tatatertib.

Terdapat segelintir ketua yang menganggap tugas mencegah rasuah adalah tanggungjawab SPRM. Justeru, pembudayaan integriti dan pencegahan rasuah bukan merupakan agenda utama. Yang lebih penting menjaga suasana harmoni dan semangat esprit de corp di kalangan pegawai/staf. Jika tindakan keras diambil dan pembudayaan anti-rasuah menjadi berkesan maka ia kononnya akan mewujudkan suasana kurang selesa dan syak wasangka sesama anggota.

Perkara yang lebih disesalkan ialah sikap kasihan kepada pesalah rasuah masih menjadi asas pertimbangan dalam proses tindakan tatatertib. Bagi SPRM, siasatan sesuatu kes tidak hanya berakhir dengan tindakan menghadapkan suspek ke mahkamah semata-mata. Sebaliknya, banyak kes yang disiasat SPRM dikemukakan sebagai Laporan SPRM untuk tindakan tatatertib. Namun, atas dasar simpati, suspek-suspek ini terlepas daripada hukuman berat seperti ditamatkan perkhidmatan dan hanya diberikan surat teguran atau amaran sahaja.

Perangkaan SPRM sepanjang 10 tahun lalu berhubung kes tatatertib jelas menunjukkan sebanyak 1,957 laporan dikemukakan kepada Pihak Berkuasa Tatatertib Agensi. Daripada jumlah itu, hanya 60 kes dikenakan hukuman buang kerja. Sebaliknya, 979 atau 50% dikenakan surat amaran yang tidak mendatangkan apa-apa kesan deterrent. Ini jelas menunjukkan tiada istilah serius dalam kes-kes yang melibatkan perbuatan jenayah rasuah.

Cabaran utama yang perlu diperbaiki dalam memastikan kelangsungan program pemantapan integriti dan pencegahan rasuah dalam perkhidmatan awam adalah melibatkan dua pendekatan strategik yang dikenal pasti SPRM iaitu memperkasakan entiti kawalan dalaman agensi awam dan memperkukuhkan SPRM.

Justeru, dalam konteks memperkasakan entiti kawalan dalaman agensi awam, SPRM telah mencadangkan kepada kerajaan untuk mewujudkan model pencegahan rasuah yang berbentuk kawalan dalaman menerusi penubuhan Unit Integriti di kementerian, jabatan Persekutuan dan negeri.

Model unit ini sama seperti di Amerika Syarikat (AS) dan Taiwan. Di AS ia lebih dikenali sebagai Inspector General Office (IGO). Unit ini diwujudkan di jabatan-jabatan berisiko tinggi dan bertanggungjawab sepenuhnya memantau dan menjalankan siasatan ke atas kes-kes berkaitan integriti, rasuah dan lain-lain jenayah yang melibatkan warga agensi terbabit.

Mengambil contoh di AS, unit integriti New York Police Department (NYPD) ditubuhkan dengan keanggotaan seramai 700 orang bagi memantau 35,000 pegawai polis di NYPD iaitu nisbah 1:50 manakala Pihak Berkuasa Pelabuhan New York mempunyai keanggotaan 70 orang bagi memantau 7,000 pekerjanya iaitu nisbah 1:100.

Idea berhubung penubuhan Unit Integriti di agensi-agensi kerajaan ini disambut baik. Buat masa ini, empat agensi telah mewujudkan unit ini iaitu Jabatan Imigresen Malaysia, Jabatan Kastam dan Eksais Diraja, Jabatan Pengangkutan Jalan dan SPRM sendiri. Pegawai-pegawai SPRM akan dilantik dan ditempatkan sebagai Ketua Unit Integriti di agensi-agensi terbabit.

Perubahan status daripada BPR ke SPRM dalam 2009 sebenarnya selari dengan perubahan besar kepada budaya kerja dan sistem operasi SPRM secara keseluruhannya. Bermula dengan Pelan Strategik SPRM 2011-2013, tiga bidang utama diperkukuhkan termasuk memperkenalkan sistem pengurusan siasatan berkesan, sistem pengurusan pencegahan dan pendidikan berkesan dan pembangunan serta pemantapan modal insan SPRM secara menyeluruh.

Jawatankuasa Eksekutif Transformasi yang terdiri daripada ahli-ahli Lembaga Penasihat SPRM dibentuk bagi memacu proses transformasi. Kesan kepada proses transformasi ini jelas memantapkan SPRM dari segi memperbaiki struktur organisasi, memperkenalkan sistem pengurusan modal insan berdasarkan kompetensi, memperkenalkan sistem pengurusan bakat yang fleksibel dan membawa masuk tenaga pakar yang berkepakaran tinggi bagi meningkatkan operasi SPRM.

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SPRM … Antara kejayaan dan kekangan

Ihsan : http://www.mpkotabelud.blogspot.com/

Salam,

 

Hari ini saya bersama ahli-ahli Jawatankuasa Khas Mengenai Rasuah mengadap Seri Paduka Baginda Yang Dipertuan Agong di Istana Negara untuk menerima surat cara perlantikan dari Baginda Tuanku. Jawatankuasa ini terdiri daripada ahli-ahli parlimen dari BN dan PR. Ini adalah penggal kedua untuk saya. Rakan-rakan lain di dalam jawatankuasa tersebut ialah YB Dato Seri Radzi Ahmad (BN-Kangar), YB Dr Tan Seng Giaw (DAP-Kepong), YB Datuk Ismail Mutallib (BN-Maran), YB Salahuddin Ayub (PAS-Kubang Kerian), YB Datuk Doris Sophia Brodi (BN Senator/ Timbalan Yang DiPertua Dewan Negara) dan YB Yusmadi Yusoff (PKR- Balik Pulau).

 
Sepanjang penggal pertama, saya mendapat banyak pengalaman dan pengetahuan mengenai perjalanan Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia dan fenomena rasuah di negara kita.
Ada banyak isu-isu yang kami bincang dalam jawatankuasa ini. Ada yang diterima oleh kerajaan dan ada yang masih belum terlaksana kerana kekangan-kekangan yang tidak dapat dielakkan.
Antara yang diterima ialah penambahan bajet tahunan SPRM, penubuhan Suruhanjaya Perkhidmatan sendiri, penambahan staff, menyukarkan pelucutan jawatan Ketua Pesuruhjaya SPRM secara sewenang-wenangnya oleh kerajaan supaya beliau tidak perlu gentar dengan kedudukannya, penubuhan akademi SPRM dan lain-lain lagi.
Cadangan lain yang masih dalam perhatian kerajaan ialah memberi kuasa pendakwaan kepada SPRM tanpa perlu melalui Peguam Negara dan cadangan meletakkan SPRM di bawah seliaan Parlimen secara langsung dan bukannya Jabatan Perdana Menteri.
Untuk makluman, menurunkan kuasa mendakwa kepada SPRM tanpa melalui Peguam Negara memerlukan pindaan perlembagaan dan untuk diluluskan di parlimen sekurang-kurangnya dua pertiga undi ahli-ahli parlimen mesti menyokong usul tersebut.

Saya sebenarnya agak risau dengan cadangan ini kerana walaupun nampak ianya baik kerana tidak perlu kebenaran Peguam Negara, namun ianya melanggar prinsip pengasingan fungsi menyiasat dan menuduh seperti dalam sistem kehakiman kita di mana polis menyiasat, Peguam Negara menuduh dan hakim mengadili.

Bayangkan kalau sesebuah agensi itu mempunyai kuasa untuk menyiasat dan menuduh. Kemungkinan salah guna kuasa boleh berlaku kerana ketiadaan “check and balance”. Kemungkinan penganiyaan berlaku adalah tinggi terutamanya jika SPRM diketuai oleh orang yang tidak bertanggungjawab dan mempunyai agendanya tersendiri.
Untuk meletakkan SPRM di bawah seliaan Parlimen, saya juga kurang yakin bahawa itulah jalan yang terbaik untuk memperkasakan SPRM. Alasan saya senang.Di Malaysia ini semua wakil rakyat samada dari kerajaan atau pembangkang, baik di Parlimen mahupun Dewan-Dewan Undangan Negeri, akan mengundi mengikut arahan parti masing-masing.
Maknanya, jika SPRM diletakkan dalam Parlimen sekarang, sudah tentu pengundian akan memihak kepada BN kerana BN mempunyai majoriti. Dan saya pasti jika PR menang pilihanraya ke-13 nanti, ahli-ahli parlimen mereka juga akan mengundi mengikut arahan parti mereka. Oleh sebab itu, tidak ada jaminan SPRM akan bebas jika diletakkan di bawah seliaan parlimen. Oleh sebab itu, pandangan mereka yang mengatakan SPRM akan lebih telus dan bebas dari pengaruh mana-mana pihak jika diletakkan dibawah seliaan parlimen mungkin tidak tercapai.

Walaupun sebenarnya ramai ahli-ahli politik dan individu-individu telah ditangkap, didakwa dan dihukum, tanggapan “ikan bilis ditangkap, ikan jerung terlepas” masih menjadi cabaran hebat kepada SPRM. Tidak ramai yang memahami bahawa SPRM tidak boleh bertindak tanpa bukti yang kukuh sebelum membuat pendakwaan. Hanya mengesyaki seseorang terlibat di dalam rasuah (samada realiti atau tidak) tidak dapat membantu SPRM mendapatkan penghukuman oleh mahkamah. SPRM  memerlukan bukti yang tidak dapat disangkal oleh peguam bela untuk mendapatkan keputusan bersalah dari mahkamah. Jika SPRM gagal mendapatkan penghukuman bersalah mahkamah, SPRM juga akan dipersalahkan kerana akan ada tuduhan liar yang mengatakan SPRM sengaja melepaskan batuk di tangga dalam usaha membanteras rasuah di dalam negara kita.

Sebagai rujukan, badan pencegah rasuah yang paling terkenal di dunia seperti ICAC Hong Kong juga memerlukan sekitar 10 tahun sebelum berjaya membuktikan kejayaan dan keberkesanan operasi mereka. Saya rasa kita tidak perlu ambil masa sampai begitu lama untuk menjadikan SPRM sebagai sebuah agensi anti rasuah yang berkesan. Rakyat hanya perlu memberi sokongan moral kepada SPRM sekarang.

Pada penghujung penulisan artikel ini, saya ingin mengambil kesempatan ini untuk menjunjung kasih terhadap DYMM SPB YDP Agong kerana telah berkenan melantik saya sebagai salah seorang dari ahli Jawatankuasa Khas ini.

Sememangnya, perjuangan kita membanteras rasuah mesti dan wajib diteruskan. Insyaallah.

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Politicians’ Support for MACC Vital, says former ICAC Hong Kong Commissioner

KUALA LUMPUR – As the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) heightens efforts to combat graft, politicians from all divides must have faith and confidence in the Commission to accomplish the task entrusted to them.

Former Independent Commission Against Corruption of Hong Kong (ICAC) Commissioner Bertrand de Speville stressed that the Commission should be allowed to get on with the job of implementing national anti-corruption strategies without having to encounter any political interference.

Cautioning politicians against “second guessing” the MACC, de Speville remarked that presenting the MACC 2011 Annual Report to parliamentarians is a step towards more accountability and transparency. However, he said that this should not serve as an opportunity for politicians to start “second guessing” the anti-corruption body in its investigations into any particular cases, although they can question the report.

“When they start to second guess the Commission, they begin to undermine the independence and investigations autonomy of the of the anti-corruption body. And they will serve the country ill by doing that,” he warned.

Since stepping down in 1996 as the Commissioner of ICAC Hong Kong, de Speville has advised governments and international organizations on various aspects of anti-corruption policy and practice. From year 1997-2003, he was the adviser to the Council of Europe’s Multidisciplinary Group on Corruption.

A lawyer by profession, he practiced in the private and public sectors in London and Hong Kong and was Solicitor General of Hong Kong before being asked to turn his attention to corruption and good governance. This is his fifth visit to Malaysia.

Praising the MACC for being accountable to representatives of the public, de Speville noted that it is essential for the Commission to have friends in the local communities. He pointed out that the Anti-Corruption Advisory Board members serve as ambassadors to the public as they are first hand witnesses to the initiatives taken by the Commission.

“The Anti-Corruption Advisory Board is invaluable not only as a source of advice to the Commission but it also serves as check and balance. The board monitors the Commission on behalf of the community and board members can better gauge the Commission’s performance,” he said on 28 June 2012, during a visit to the MACC.

This, he said, helps to develop and sustain public support in what MACC is doing since public support is essential for the success against corruption.

“If you do not have public support, you cannot win the fight,” he added, besides stressing the need to equip the national anti-corruption body with sufficient funds and resources.

“It is not enough to have fine plans and great works. You have to back it with resources,” he said. [ENDS]

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PENYERAHAN LAPORAN TAHUNAN SPRM 2011 DI PARLIMEN

KUALA LUMPUR -  Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia (SPRM) telah menyerahkan Laporan Tahunan SPRM 2011 kepada Jawatankuasa Khas Mengenai Rasuah (JKMR) di Parlimen hari ini.

Penyerahan ini selaras dengan Seksyen 14 Akta Suruhanajaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia (ASPRM) 2009  di mana Jawatankuasa Khas perlu memeriksa laporan tahunan Suruhanjaya dan ulasan Lembaga Penasihat Pencegahan Rasuah.

Sepertimana yang termaktub dalam  Akta SPRM 2009, Jawatankuasa  ini hendaklah menyediakan dan mengemukakan laporan mengenai penunaian fungsinya kepada Perdana Menteri yang hendaklah membentangkan satu salinan laporan itu di Parlimen.

Hadir  menerima Laporan Tahunan 2011 SPRM  adalah Pengerusi JKMR Dato’ Seri Mohd Radzi Sheikh Ahmad  Dr Tan Seng Giaw, Dato Hj. Abdul Rahman Dahlan, Dato’ Hj. Ismail bin Hj. Abd Mutalib, dan Yusmadi Yusof

(TAMAT)

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BRITISH MALAYSIAN CHAMBER OF COMMERCE INKS CORPORATE INTEGRITY PLEDGE

KUALA LUMPUR -  To combat corruption and raise standards of business ethics, the British Malaysian Chamber of Commerce (BMCC) signed the Corporate Integrity Pledge (CIP) on 26 June 2012 at the Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre, witnessed by Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) Chief Commissioner Dato’ Sri Abu Kassim Mohamed.

Also present were British High Commissioner of Malaysia H.E. Simon Featherstone, BMCC Chairman Dato’ Larry Gan, BMCC patrons and board of directors.

Praising BMCC for working closely with MACC to promote integrity, transparency and good governance in the country, Dato’ Sri Abu Kassim pointed out that this is not only morally right but there is ample evidence to show that high standards of integrity build better businesses.

“With the signing of the CIP, it is a clear signal to all that this chamber has acknowledged the need to promote high standards of integrity. In addition they have made a commitment to support initiatives to combat corruption not only in the corporate sector alone, but in Malaysia as a whole,” he said.

The Commission aims to fight corruption and enhance integrity in all businesses and commercial activity. Thus, upholding the core values of corporate integrity must be instilled, understood and applied at all levels in a company – be it the humblest member of staff or the most senior manager.

By signing the CIP, BMCC is making a commitment and promise to uphold, commit and practice Anti-Corruption Principles for Corporations in Malaysia, both verbally and in action.

This is in accordance to the government’s emphasis on the need to promote and strengthen corporate integrity among the business and private sectors. In return, the private sectors should support the Economic Transformation Programme (ETP) in ensuring the success of the initiative, not only in terms of economic growth and sustainability, but also the country’s vision to transform itself into a fully developed nation.

Moreover, it is also a widely known fact that evidence shows clearly that companies with high standards of integrity outperform those with indifferent attitudes and unethical conduct. In short, integrity builds better businesses.

For this, the CIP is a document that allows a company to make a commitment to uphold the Anti-Corruption Principles for Corporations in Malaysia. By signing the pledge, a company is making a unilateral declaration that it will not commit to any corrupt acts. That it will work towards creating a corruption-free business environment and will uphold the Anti-Corruption Principles for Corporations in Malaysia in the conduct of its business and in its interactions with its business partners and the Government.

The beneficial effects of this are two-fold: first, a company will be making a clear stand of how it operates, where this Pledge will act as guidance to the company in its business interactions. Second, a company can use this Pledge to set itself apart from its peers by demonstrating to its stakeholders that its business operations do not include any hidden risks or costs that are associated with corrupt activities.

The Pledge is a tool to be used by companies and is not a regulatory instrument of any sort. Breaches of the pledge will not carry any legal sanction. Instead, the Pledge will be given force through self-reporting by the company, to meet the demands of its stakeholders.

MACC is ever willing to assist all companies based in Malaysia in developing awareness programs as well as providing corruption prevention and capacity building modules. [ENDS

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M’sia Lauded As A Model For Antigraft Initiatives

by : thestar 26/06/2012 
PETALING JAYA -  While Malaysian anticorruption initiatives have received recognition by a cofounder of a global anticorruption organisation, the challenge is to produce results to match his positive remarks, opinion leaders said. 

In an article published in Huffington Post on June 22, Transparency International cofounder Michael J. Hershman suggested that Malaysia’s model was one that Arab Spring countries and other highrisk nations could look into if they were serious about confronting their corruption culture.
Michael J. Hershman (Co-Founder of Transparency International)
Former MalaysianAnti Corruption Commission’s (MACC) advisory panel on consultation and prevention chairman Tan Sri Dr Ramon Navaratnam said that it was good that Hersjiman, who is from an organisation with international standing, had given credit to the MACC and quoted Malaysia as a model for anticorruption efforts.

However, he cautioned that the commendation may become a doubleedged sword as expectations
might be raised. He said that while the current perception on anticorruption efforts was more positive compared to the year before, the country was still not ”catching the big fishes”.

Asli Centre for Public Policy Studies CEO Tan Sri Dr Michael Yeoh said there were serious efforts to combat corruption and the Integrity Pledges (that companies are encouraged to sign) were additional mechanisms to reduce corruption.

In his article, Hershman.had written that “All too often, anticorruption efforts are incomplete; they pass
laws without sufficient enforcement mechanisms, or they maintain a myopic shortsightedness
by failing to create a system that will last by appealing to everyone’s selfinterest.

“Malaysia’s comprehensive anticorruption system, a core component of the Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak’s governmental and economic reform programme, addresses these common failures a unique way by establishing a permanent agency at the centre.”

However, Hershman also commented that the MACC was still a ”workinprogress”, and issues like unregulated campaign finance and insufficient freedom of information laws were “imperfections” that needed to be addressed.
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Pengarah NFC mohon dibicarakan bagi 4 tuduhan

Aidila Razak
3:04PM Mac 12, 2012

Suami menteri kabinet Datuk Seri Shahrizat Jalil – Datuk Seri Mohamad Salleh Ismail hari ini mohon dibicarakan bagi empat pertuduhan yang dikenakan ke atas dirinya.
Dua daripada pertuduhan itu adalah pecah amanah mengikut Seksyen 409 Kanun Keseksaan manakala dua lagi adalah mengikut Seksyen 132 Akta Syarikat.

Dua pertuduhan pertama itu adalah atas kesalahan menggunakan RM9,758,140 dana National Feedlot Corporation (NFC) untuk membeli dua unit kondominium di kompleks One Menerung, di Bangsar, pada 2 dan 4 Disember, 2009.

Kesalahan berikutnya pula membabitkan pemindahan RM40 juta dana NFC kepadaNational Meat ands Livestock Corporation, dari 5 Mei hingga Nov 16, 2009.

Dalam kedua-dua kes, Mohamad Salleh yang merupakan pengerusi eksekutif NFC didakwa menggunakan dana tanpa kelulusan mesyuarat agung tahunan NFC.

Ini menjadi suatu kesalahan di bawah Seksyen 132 Akta Syarikat 1965.

Isteri beliau, Shahrizat yang juga Ketua Wanita Umno berbaju kurung dan bertudung serba putih yang mengikuti proses pendakwaan di dalam mahkamah dan bagi memberikan sokongan.

Selain Mohamad Salleh, tiga orang anak mereka juga merupakan lembaga pengarah dalam syarikat berkenaan.
Ikat jamin ditetapkan pada RM500,000 bagi kedua-dua kes. Anak pasangan itu Wan Shahinur Izmir membayar wang ikat jamin.

Kes itu ditetapkan untuk sebutan pada 13 April ini.

Shahrizat semalam mengumumkan peletakan jawatan sebagai Menteri Pembangunan Wanita, Keluarga dan Masyarakat berkuat kuasa 8 April apabila tamat penggal lantikan sebagai Ahli Dewan Negara (Senator).

Namun, beliau akan mengekalkan jawatannya sebagai Ketua Wanita Umno.

Isu NFC timbul dalam Laporan Ketua Audit Negara 2010 pada Oktober tahun lalu yang menyentuh mengenai prestasi projek ternakan lembu yang diusahakan syarikat itu di Gemas, Negeri Sembilan.

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